1977 in comics
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Notable events of 1977 in comics. See also List of years in comics.
- 1 Events
- 2 Deaths
- 3 Exhibitions and shows
- 4 Conventions
- 5 Awards
- 6 First issues by title
- 7 Initial appearance by character name
- 8 References
- Wendy and Richard Pini establish WaRP Graphics.
- Jan and Dean Mullaney establish Eclipse Comics.
- The United Kingdom's Eagle Awards are established.
- Ciao magazine is launched.
- January 3: Stan Lee and John Romita Sr.'s The Amazing Spider-Man newspaper comic strip makes its debut. The storyline of the first strip is that Doctor Doom is coming to address the United Nations.
- Our Army at War #300: "300th Hill," by Robert Kanigher and Joe Kubert. (DC Comics)
- With issue #6 (January//February issue), DC cancels Four Star Spectacular.
- Toward the Terra by Keiko Takemiya debuts in Asahi Sonorama's Gekkan Manga Shōnen magazine.
- February 15: Merho's De Kiekeboes makes its debut.
- February 26: The first issue of the British comics magazine 2000 AD is published. It also introduces Pat Mills' Tharg the Mighty.
- With issue #258, DC cancels Tarzan, a title it acquired from Gold Key Comics in 1972 (and continued the Gold Key numbering).
- With issue #250, DC suspends publishing Blackhawk, which ran from 1944 to 1968, and was revived in 1976.
- Star Spangled War Stories, with issue #204 (February/March ), canceled by DC.
- With issue #33, Marvel cancels the black-and-white magazine Deadly Hands of Kung Fu.
- Planet of the Apes, with issue #29, is cancelled by Marvel.
- Ka-Zar vol. 2, with issue #20, is cancelled by Marvel.
- The Occult Files of Dr. Spektor, with issue #24, canceled by Gold Key.
- Doc Savage: Man of Bronze, with issue #8, is cancelled by Curtis Magazines (Marvel Comics).
- March 5: Judge Dredd debuts in the second issue of 2000 AD with the story "Judge Whitey", written by Peter Harris and drawn by Mike McMahon.
- March 13: The final episode of James Childress' Conchy is published.
- March 15: The first episode of Jean Van Hamme and Grzegorz Rosinski's Thorgal is published in Tintin.
- March 17: The Belgian comics magazine Spirou publishes a supplement with more mature content: Le Trombone Illustré. It will run for seven months, until 20 October 1977, before the conventional editors feel it doesn't really fit within their family friendly public image. In its first issue André Franquin's Idées Noires (Franquin's Last Laugh) and Frédéric Jannin and Thierry Culliford's Germain et nous... make their debut.
- House of Mystery #251 and The Superman Family #182 became the first DC Comics series in the 80-page Dollar Comics format, consisting of 64 pages of new stories.
- With issue #302, DC changes the title of Our Army at War to Sgt. Rock.
- G.I. Combat #200: "The Tank That Died Twice," by Robert Kanigher and Sam Glanzman.
- Kobra, with issue #7, is cancelled by DC.
- Werewolf by Night, with issue #43, is cancelled by Marvel.
- National Periodical Publications changed its name to DC Comics, Inc.
- April 18: The first episode of Mort Walker and Jerry Dumas' Sam and Silo is published.
- April 30: The Judge Dredd storyline "The Robot Wars" begins in 2000 AD (running through June 18).
- The first issue of Heavy Metal is published, the English-language version of Métal Hurlant.
- G.I. Combat #201 and World's Finest Comics #244 change to the Dollar Comics format. Backup features in World's Finest Comics include Green Arrow, Black Canary, Wonder Woman, and the Vigilante.
- Two-Gun Kid, with issue #136, is cancelled by Marvel.
- Marvel Spotlight, with issue #33, is cancelled by Marvel.
- The first issue of the underground comix magazine Rip Off Comix is published.
- May: The first issue of the Dutch adult comics magazine Gummi/De Balloen is published. It will last until December 1979.
- May 7: The final episode of Vic Neill's Wee Ben Nevis is published in The Beano.
- The final episode of Sandro Angiolini's Vartan is published.
- With issue #205, DC changes the title of Star Spangled War Stories to The Unknown Soldier.
- June 3: The death of Australian comics author Syd Nicholls also means the end of the comic strip Fatty Finn, which has run since 1923.
- DC Comics raises the price of its standard comic book from 30 to 35 cents.
- Challengers of the Unknown is revived by DC Comics with issue #81 (June/July cover date; continued from 1958 series); storyline picks up from Super-Team Family issues #8–10.
- Secrets of Haunted House revived with issue #6 (June/July issue) after a 17-month hiatus (DC Comics).
- With issue #5, DC cancels Ragman.
- July 9: The final issue of the British comics magazine Sparky is published, as it merges with The Topper.
- With issue #231, Marvel UK changes the title of the weekly magazine Super Spider-Man and the Titans to Super Spider-Man & Captain Britain, now featuring new Captain Britain stories (as well as The Amazing Spider-Man reprints).
- Iron Man #100: "Ten Rings To Rule the World!" by Bill Mantlo, George Tuska, and Mike Esposito.
- With issue #12, DC revives The New Gods (now called Return of the New Gods), continuing the numbering from the 1971 series.
- With issue #126, DC cancels Young Love (1960 series), picked up from Prize Comics in 1963.
- With issue #7, Marvel publishes the final issue of Logan's Run.
- August 23: The Flemish comics magazine Patskrant, a weekly children's supplement of the newspapers Het Nieuwsblad, De Standaard, Het Handelsblad, De Gentenaar and De Landwacht, changes its name to the Stipkrant. It will run until September 2000.
- With issue #94 (August /September cover date), DC revives Showcase, continuing the numbering from the 1956 series, which ceased publishing in 1970.
- With issue #57, DC revives Aquaman, continuing the numbering from the 1962 series, which ceased publishing in 1971.
- With issue #230, DC cancels Superboy (at this point titled Superboy and the Legion of Super-Heroes).
- With issue #29, DC cancels DC Special (1968 series).
- With issue #12 (August /September cover date), DC cancels Hercules Unbound.
- With issue #12, Marvel cancels The Inhumans.
- With issue #12, Marvel cancels the anthology title Marvel Presents.
- September 13: The first episode of Jeff MacNelly's Shoe is published.
- September 24: The first issue of the short-lived British comics magazine Plug is published. It will run until 1979.
- The first episode of David A. Trampier's Wormy is published. It will run until 1988.
- With issue #19, DC revives Mister Miracle (1971 series), which had gone on hiatus in 1974.
- With issue #10, Marvel publishes the final issue of 2001: A Space Odyssey.
- October 22: The first issue of the British comics magazine Cheeky Weekly is published, in which Reg Parlett's Mustapha Million makes its debut.
- October 24: Bill Hoest's Agatha Crumm makes its debut and will run until 1996.
- With issue #10, Marvel cancels Omega the Unknown.
- With issue #8, DC cancels Starfire.
- November 3: The first episode of Kamagurka's Bert is published in Humo.
- November 13: The final episode of Al Capp's Li'l Abner is published, drawing the series to a close after being in syndication since 1934.
- Following rival DC's lead, Marvel Comics raises the price of its standard comic book from 30 to 35 cents.
- With issue #18, DC cancels Richard Dragon, Kung Fu Fighter.
- December 31: The final issue of the Flemish children's magazine Ohee is published, supplement of the newspaper Het Volk.
- Dave Sim's Cerebus the Aardvark makes its debut and is published independently under the name Aardvark-Vanaheim.
- John Byrne and Terry Austin begin their acclaimed run as X-Men penciller/inker team with issue #108 of the title.
- With issue #8 (December 1977/January 1978 cover date), DC cancels Isis.
Specific date unknown
- January: Bob Brown, American comics artist (co-creator of Space Ranger, long-time penciller of Challengers of the Unknown), dies at age 62.
- January 22: James Childress, American comics artist and cartoonist (Conchy), commits suicide at the age of 35.
- January 24: John Rosenberger, American comics artist and painter (Girls' Romances, Superman's Girl Friend, Lois Lane, The Superman Family), passes away at the age of 58.
- February 1: Edmond Hamilton, American science fiction writer and comics writer (Space Ranger, DC Comics), dies at age 72.
- February 21: John Hubley, American animator, film director and comics artist (Mr. Magoo, Zuckerkandl!) dies at the age of 62.
- Specific date unknown: Irving Spector, American animator and comics artist (Coogy, Little Lionel, Punchy the Black Crow), dies at age 62. 
- March 20: Han Krug, Dutch illustrator and comics artist (Juffrouw Snater, Het Avontuur van Knor-Knor), passes away at age 86.
- March 23: Ed Dobrotka, American comics artist (continued Superboy, Lois Lane, co-creator of the Toyman), dies at age 69. 
- April: Paul Gustavson, American comics writer and artist (The Human Bomb, The Angel), dies at age 60.
- April 8: Jean Cézard, French comics artist (Arthur le fantôme justicier), dies at age 53.
- June 3: Syd Nicholls, Australian comics artist (Fatty Finn), falls from his apartment balcony and dies at the age of 80.
- June 16: Stan Cross, American-Australian comics artist (Wally and the Major, The Potts), dies at age 88.
- August 1: Bernard van Vlijmen, Dutch painter, graphic artist, illustrator and comics artist (created occasional comics for Ons Eigen Tijdschrift), dies at age 81.
- August: Louis Cazeneuve, Argentine-American comics artist (co-creator of Red Raven), dies at c. age 69.
- July 5: Theo Funke Küpper, Dutch comics artist (De Verstrooide Professor), dies at the age of 72.
- July 8: Roy Crane, American comics artist (Wash Tubbs, Captain Easy, Buz Sawyer), dies at age 75.
- Specific date unknown: August: Louis Cazeneuve, Argentine comics artist (co-creator of Red Raven), dies at age 68 or 69.
- September 5: Tatsuo Yoshida, Japanese manga artist and animator (Speed Racer), dies at age 45 from liver cancer.
- September 7: Alexis, French comics artist (Al Crane, Cinémastock, Superdupont, Le Transperceneige), dies at age 30 of a ruptured aneurysm.
- September 16: Rie Cramer, Dutch illustrator, novelist and comics artist (published text comics in Zonneschijn and Doe Mee), passes away at age 89.
- October 5: Jotie T'Hooft, Belgian poet and comics artist (Jesus Superstar), commits suicide by a drug overdose at age 21.
- November 5: René Goscinny, French comics writer (Astérix, Lucky Luke, Oumpah-pah, Le Petit Nicolas, Iznogoud), dies at age 51.
- December 11: Giovanni Bissietta, aka Giuseppe Fontanelli, Italian painter, illustrator and comics artist (early unlicensed Italian comics based on Mickey Mouse), dies at age 66 or 67.
- Specicic date unknown: December: John Verpoorten, American comics inker and Marvel Comics production manager, dies at age 37.
Specific date unknown
- Robert Baldwin, also known as Rupe, American comics artist and cartoonist (Freddy), dies at age 72 or 73.
- Walter Hofmann, aka Von Waldl, German caricaturist and comics artist (worked for Nazi publications during World War II), dies at age 71 or 72. 
- Héctor Germán Oesterheld, Argentine journalist and comics writer (El Sargento Kirk, Ernie Pike, El Eternauta, Mort Cinder) mysteriously disappears, presumed arrested and murdered by soldiers of President Jorge Rafael Videla's regime.
- Gottfried Spachholz, German comics artist (propaganda comics for the DDR magazine Berliner Zeitung), dies at age 70 or 71.
Exhibitions and shows
There were many TV shows based on comics in 1977, featuring Spider-Man, Captain America, Doctor Strange, and Wonder Woman.
- Columbus Comic Book Convention (Columbus, Ohio) — guests include Jim Steranko, Bob Layton, and Mike Nasser
- Dayton Comic Book Convention (Convention Center, Dayton, Ohio) — produced by Dayton retailer The Dragon's Lair
- May 28–30: Detroit Triple Fan Fair (Troy Hilton, Troy, MI) — dubbed the "Detroit Triple Fan Fair (in Exile)"; guests include Chuck Jones, Ray Harryhausen
- June: Houstoncon (Houston, Texas) — guests include Frank Brunner, Spanky McFarland, Jock Mahoney, George Takei, Forrest J Ackerman, and Roy Rogers
- July 1–5: Comic Art Convention (Hotel Sheraton, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) — 10th annual show, first time in Philadelphia. Guests of honor: John Stanley and Bernie Wrightson; other guests include Roy Thomas, Wendy Pini, Linda Behrle, Barry Windsor-Smith, Frank Thorne, Frank Brunner, and Jeff Jones
- July 20–24: San Diego Comic-Con (El Cortez Hotel, San Diego, California) — 4,000+ attendees; official guests: Carl Barks, C. C. Beck, Walter Gibson, Robert A. Heinlein, Michael Kaluta, Jack Kirby, B. Kliban, Joe Kubert, Harvey Kurtzman, Stan Lynde, Alex Niño, Trina Robbins, and Bill Scott
- July 29–31: Konvention of Alternative Komix (Air Galleries, London, England, UK) — 2nd annual underground comix event
- July 29–30: Toronto Triple Fan Fair a.k.a. "Fan Fair 4" (Carleton Inn, Toronto, ON, Canada) — Guests of Honour: Philip José Farmer and Andrew I. Porter
- August 5–7: Chicago Comicon (Pick-Congress Hotel, 520 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago, Illinois) — produced by Joe Sarno, Mike Gold, and Bob Weinberg; guests include Stan Lee, Jenette Kahn, Chester Gould, and Howard Chaykin
- August 12–14: Atlanta Comics & Fantasy Fair (Dunfey's Royal Coach, Atlanta, Georgia) — official guests include Jenette Kahn, Dick Giordano, Kenneth Smith, Neal Adams, and Jim Steranko
- September: OrlandoCon (Orlando, Florida) — guests include Ralph Dunagin and Scorchy Smith's Edmund Good
- September 3–4: Comicon '77 (British Comic Art Convention) (Bloomsbury Centre Hotel, London, England) — organized by Rob Barrow; presentation of the first annual Eagle Awards
- September 10–11: Frazetta '77 (Penn Stroud Hilton Inn, Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania) — guests include Harvey Kurtzman, Will Eisner, Jerry Robinson, Burne Hogarth, Bernie Wrightson, Steve Hickman, Michael Kaluta, Charles Vess, Ian Ballantine, Betty Ballantine, and Ken Kelley
- October 15–16: New England Comic Art Convention (Sheraton-Boston Hotel, Boston, Massachusetts)
- November 25–27: Creation Comic Book & Pop Culture Convention (Statler Hilton Hotel, New York City) — guests include George Pérez; admission: $5/day
Presented in 1978 for comics published in 1977:
- Favourite Writer: Steve Englehart
- Favourite Artist: Neal Adams
- Favourite Inker: Terry Austin
- Favourite Comic Book (Dramatic): Uncanny X-Men
- Favorite Comic Book (Humor): Howard the Duck, by Steve Gerber and Gene Colan
- Favourite Black and White Magazine: Savage Sword of Conan
- Favourite Single Story: "The Final Threat," Avengers Annual #7, by Jim Starlin
- Favourite Continued Story: Avengers Annual #7 and Marvel Two-in-One Annual #2, by Jim Starlin
- Favourite Group or Team: Uncanny X-Men
- Favourite Character: Batman
- Favourite Supporting Character: Pip the Troll
- Favourite Villain: Thanos
- Favourite Comic (UK): 2000 AD (Fleetway)
- Favourite Editor (UK): Dez Skinn, for MAD magazine
- Roll of Honour: Steve Englehart
First issues by title
DC Special Series: catch-all series primarily for one-shots of different formats, released on an irregular schedule
- Release: September. Editor: Paul Levitz.
- Release: August. Editor: Paul Levitz.
- Release: January. Writer/Artist: Jack Kirby.
- Release: May. Reprints classic Captain America stories.
- Premiere issues features the rock band Kiss in a 40-page fictional adventure written by Steve Gerber, penciled by Alan Weiss, John Buscema, Rich Buckler, and Sal Buscema.
- Release: February. Writer/Editor: Roy Thomas.
- Writer & Artist: Magnus
- Release: April by Rip Off Press.
- Release: July
Initial appearance by character name
- Baron Blitzkrieg, in World's Finest Comics #246 (August /September )
- Black Lightning, in Black Lightning #1 (April)
- Celsius, in Showcase #94 (August /September )
- Joshua Clay, in Showcase #94 (August /September )
- Dawnstar, in Superboy and the Legion of Super-Heroes #226 (April)
- Doctor Phosphorus, in Detective Comics #469 (May)
- Cal Durham, in Adventure Comics #452 (July)
- Faora, in Action Comics #471 (May)
- Godiva, in Super Friends #7 (October)
- Golden Glider, in Flash #250 (June)
- Gravedigger, in Men of War #1 (August)
- Huntress, in DC Super Stars # 17 (November /December 1977)
- Icemaiden, in Super Friends #9 (December)
- Impala, in Super Friends #7 (October)
- Jack O'Lantern, in Super Friends #8 (November)
- Owlwoman, in Super Friends #7 (October)
- El Papagayo, in Jonah Hex vol. 1, #2 (May)
- Professor Ojo, in Richard Dragon, Kung Fu Fighter #16 (July/August )
- Rising Sun, in Super Friends #8 (November)
- Scalphunter in Weird Western Tales #39 (March /April )
- Seraph, in Super Friends #7 (October)
- Shade, the Changing Man, in Shade, the Changing Man #1 (June/July)
- Silver St. Cloud, in Detective Comics #470 (June)
- Sklarian Raiders, in Superboy and the Legion of Super-Heroes #233 (November, DC Comics)
- Tasmanian Devil, in Super Friends #7 (October)
- Rupert Thorne, in Detective Comics #469 (May)
- Tuatara, in Super Friends #8 (November)
- Valentina Vostok, in Showcase #94 (August)
- Aqueduct, in Ghost Rider #23 (April)
- Aries (Life Model Decoy), in The Defenders #49 (July)
- Bereet, in The Rampaging Hulk #1 (January, Curtis Magazines)
- Bushmaster, in Iron Fist #15 (September)
- Constrictor, in The Incredible Hulk #212 (June)
- Deathbird, in Ms. Marvel #9 (September)
- Devil-Slayer, in Marvel Spotlight #33 (April)
- Doctor Bong, in Howard the Duck #15 (August)
- Dreadknight, in Iron Man #102 (August)
- Dyna-Mite / Destroyer, in Invaders #14 (March)
- Dreaming Celestial, in The Eternals #18 (December)
- Eson the Searcher, in The Eternals #9 (March)
- Hargen the Measurer, in The Eternals #9 (March)
- Jemiah the Analyzer, in The Eternals #7 (January)
- Nezarr the Calculator, in The Eternals #9 (March)
- One Above All, in The Eternals #7 (January)
- Oneg the Prober, in The Eternals #9 (March)
- Tefral the Surveyor, in The Eternals #7 (January)
- Ziran the Tester, in The Eternals #18 (December)
- Aginar, in The Eternals #11 (May)
- Delphan Brothers, in The Eternals #11 (May)
- Druig, in The Eternals #11 (May)
- Forgotten One, in The Eternals #13 (July)
- Sigmar, in The Eternals #17 (November)
- Sprite, in The Eternals #9 (March)
- Kingo Sunen, in The Eternals #11 (May)
- Uni-Mind, in The Eternals #12 (June)
- Valkin, in The Eternals #11 (May)
- Zarin, in The Eternals #11 (May)
- Henry Peter Gyrich, in Avengers #165 (November)
- Human Fly (Rick Rojatt), in Human Fly (Rick Rojatt) #1 (September)
- Imperial Guard, in X-Men #107 (October)
- Jocasta, in Avengers #162 (August)
- Killer Shrike, in The Rampaging Hulk #1 (January, Curtis Magazines)
- Lightmaster, in Peter Parker, the Spectacular Spider-Man #3 (February)
- Machine Man, in 2001: A Space Odyssey #8 (July)
- Malice, in Ghost Rider vol. 2, #25 (August)
- Paragon / Kismet, in The Incredible Hulk Annual #6
- Ringer, in Defenders #51 (September)
- Rocket Racer, in The Amazing Spider-Man #172 (September)
- Sabretooth, in Iron Fist #14 (August)
- Nicholas Scratch, in Fantastic Four #185 (August)
- Sphinx, in Nova #6 (February)
- Spider-Woman (Jessica Drew), in Marvel Spotlight #32 (February)
- Spirit of '76, in The Invaders #14 (March)
- Starjammers, in X-Men #107 (October)
- Swarm, in Champions #14 (July)
- Warrior Woman, in Invaders #16 (May)
- Will O' Wisp, in The Amazing Spider-Man #167 (April)
- Arnim Zola, in Captain America #208 (April)
- Cerebus the Aardvark, in Cerebus #1 (December, Aardvark-Vanaheim)
- Rico Dredd, in 2000 AD prog 30 (Fleetway)
- Judge Dredd, in 2000 AD #2 (Fleetway)
- Judge Giant, in 2000 AD prog 27 (Fleetway)
- Judge Goodman, in 2000 AD #2 (Fleetway)
- Bill Savage, in 2000 AD #1 (February 26, Fleetway)
- Tharg the Mighty, in 2000 AD #1 (February 26, Fleetway)
- Saffel, Steve (2007). "An Adventure Each Day". Spider-Man the Icon: The Life and Times of a Pop Culture Phenomenon. Titan Books. p. 116. ISBN 978-1-84576-324-4.
On Monday January 3, 1977, The Amazing Spider-Man comic strip made its debut in newspapers nationwide, reuniting writer Stan Lee and artist John Romita.
- Spider-Man: Newspaper Strips, Volume 1, Stan Lee and John Romita, Collection Editor Mark D. Beazley, First printing 2009, ISBN 978-0-7851-3793-1, published by Marvel Publishing Inc.
- Romero, Max (July 2012). "I'll Buy That For a Dollar! DC Comics' Dollar Comics". Back Issue!. TwoMorrows Publishing (57): 39–41.
- Kingman, Jim (May 2013). "The Ballad of Ollie and Dinah". Back Issue!. TwoMorrows Publishing (64): 10–21.
- "The Features - Mustapha Million". cheekyweekly.blogspot.be. Retrieved 20 September 2017.
- KOUSEMAKER, Kees en Evelien, "Wordt Vervolgd- Stripleksikon der Lage Landen", Uitgeverij Het Spectrum, Utrecht, Antwerpen, 1979, page 183.
- Detroit Free Press (May 26, 1977).
- "Swords and Scrolls," Savage Sword of Conan vol. 1, #27 (Mar. 1978).
- Sarno, Joe. "The Captain's Veranda by Joe Sarno," C.B. Weekly (Comic Book Collectors Bulletin), vol. 3, #91 (Sept. 26, 2001). Archived at InterFan.org.
- "Comic Art Event," Chicago Tribune (July 31, 1977).
- Skinn, Dez. "Early days of UK comics conventions and marts," Archived 2012-02-01 at the Wayback Machine. DezSkinn.com. Accessed Mar. 3, 2013.
- "Comic Convention," The Berkshire Eagle (October 13, 1977), p. 8
- Cummings, Judith. "Comic Book Collectors Take Funnies Seriously," New York Times (Nov. 26, 1977).
- McAvennie, Michael; Dolan, Hannah, ed. (2010). "1970s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. Dorling Kindersley. p. 175. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9.
DC Super Stars #17 (November–December 1977) While writer Paul Levitz and artist Joe Staton introduced the Huntress to the JSA in this month's All Star Comics #69, they concurrently shaped her origin in DC Super Stars.
- DC Super Stars #17 (November-December 1977) at the Grand Comics Database "Origin and first appearance of the Helena Wayne Huntress, who simultaneously first appears in this issue and All-Star Comics (DC, 1976 series) #69, both released August 24, 1977."