1977 in comics
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Notable events of 1977 in comics. See also List of years in comics.
- 1 Events
- 2 Deaths
- 3 Exhibitions and shows
- 4 Conventions
- 5 Awards
- 6 First issues by title
- 7 Initial appearance by character name
- 8 References
- Wendy and Richard Pini establish WaRP Graphics.
- Jan and Dean Mullaney establish Eclipse Comics.
- The United Kingdom's Eagle Awards are established.
- Ciao magazine is launched.
- Our Army at War #300: "300th Hill," by Robert Kanigher and Joe Kubert. (DC Comics)
- With issue #6 (January//February issue), DC cancels Four Star Spectacular.
- Toward the Terra by Keiko Takemiya debuts in Asahi Sonorama's Gekkan Manga Shōnen magazine.
- January 3: The Spider-Man newspaper comic strip makes its debut. The storyline of the first strip is that Doctor Doom is coming to address the United Nations.
- January 24: John Rosenberger passes away at the age of 58.
- With issue #258, DC cancels Tarzan, a title it acquired from Gold Key Comics in 1972 (and continued the Gold Key numbering).
- With issue #250, DC suspends publishing Blackhawk, which ran from 1944 to 1968, and was revived in 1976.
- Star Spangled War Stories, with issue #204 (February/March ), canceled by DC.
- With issue #33, Marvel cancels the black-and-white magazine Deadly Hands of Kung Fu.
- Planet of the Apes, with issue #29, is cancelled by Marvel.
- Ka-Zar vol. 2, with issue #20, is cancelled by Marvel.
- The Occult Files of Dr. Spektor, with issue #24, canceled by Gold Key.
- February 26: 2000 AD is launched.
- Doc Savage: Man of Bronze, with issue #8, is cancalled by Curtis Magazines (Marvel Comics).
- House of Mystery #251 and The Superman Family #182 became the first DC Comics series in the 80-page Dollar Comics format, consisting of 64 pages of new stories.
- With issue #302, DC changes the title of Our Army at War to Sgt. Rock.
- G.I. Combat #200: "The Tank That Died Twice," by Robert Kanigher and Sam Glanzman.
- Kobra, with issue #7, is cancelled by DC.
- Werewolf by Night, with issue #43, is cancelled by Marvel.
- March 5: Judge Dredd debuts in the second issue of 2000 AD with the story "Judge Whitey", written by Peter Harris and drawn by Mike McMahon.
- National Periodical Publications changed its name to DC Comics, Inc.
- G.I. Combat #201 and World's Finest Comics #244 change to the Dollar Comics format. Backup features in World's Finest Comics include Green Arrow, Black Canary, Wonder Woman, and the Vigilante.
- Two-Gun Kid, with issue #136, is cancelled by Marvel.
- Marvel Spotlight, with issue #33, is cancelled by Marvel.
- April 30: The Judge Dredd storyline "The Robot Wars" begins in 2000 AD (running through June 18).
- DC Comics raises the price of its standard comic book from 30 to 35 cents.
- Challengers of the Unknown is revived by DC Comics with issue #81 (June/July cover date; continued from 1958 series); storyline picks up from Super-Team Family issues #8–10.
- Secrets of Haunted House revived with issue #6 (June/July issue) after a 17-month hiatus (DC Comics).
- With issue #5, DC cancels Ragman.
- With issue #231, Marvel UK changes the title of the weekly magazine Super Spider-Man and the Titans to Super Spider-Man & Captain Britain, now featuring new Captain Britain stories (as well as The Amazing Spider-Man reprints).
- Iron Man #100: "Ten Rings To Rule the World!" by Bill Mantlo, George Tuska, and Mike Esposito.
- With issue #12, DC revives The New Gods (now called Return of the New Gods), continuing the numbering from the 1971 series.
- With issue #126, DC cancels Young Love (1960 series), picked up from Prize Comics in 1963.
- With issue #7, Marvel publishes the final issue of Logan's Run.
- With issue #94 (August /September cover date), DC revives Showcase, continuing the numbering from the 1956 series, which ceased publishing in 1970.
- With issue #57, DC revives Aquaman, continuing the numbering from the 1962 series, which ceased publishing in 1971.
- With issue #230, DC cancels Superboy (at this point titled Superboy and the Legion of Super-Heroes).
- With issue #29, DC cancels DC Special (1968 series).
- With issue #12 (August /September cover date), DC cancels Hercules Unbound.
- With issue #12, Marvel cancels The Inhumans.
- With issue #12, Marvel cancels the anthology title Marvel Presents.
- With issue #19, DC revives Mister Miracle (1971 series), which had gone on hiatus in 1974.
- With issue #10, Marvel publishes the final issue of 2001: A Space Odyssey.
- Following rival DC's lead, Marvel Comics raises the price of its standard comic book from 30 to 35 cents.
- With issue #18, DC cancels Richard Dragon, Kung Fu Fighter.
- Dave Sim begins writing and independently publishing Cerebus under the publisher name Aardvark-Vanaheim.
- John Byrne and Terry Austin begin their acclaimed run as X-Men penciller/inker team with issue #108 of the title.
- With issue #8 (December 1977/January 1978 cover date), DC cancels Isis.
- January: Bob Brown, long-time penciller of Challengers of the Unknown, dies at age 62.
- February 1: Edmond Hamilton dies at age 72.
- April: Paul Gustavson, creator of The Human Bomb and The Angel, dies at age 60. 
- August: Louis Cazeneuve, co-creator of Red Raven, dies at c. age 69.
- November 5: René Goscinny, writer of Astérix, Lucky Luke and Le Petit Nicolas, dies at age 51. 
- December: John Verpoorten, inker and Marvel Comics production manager, dies at age 37.
Exhibitions and shows
There were many TV shows based on comics in 1977, featuring Spider-Man, Captain America, Doctor Strange, and Wonder Woman.
- Columbus Comic Book Convention (Columbus, Ohio) — guests include Jim Steranko, Bob Layton, and Mike Nasser
- Dayton Comic Book Convention (Convention Center, Dayton, Ohio) — produced by Dayton retailer The Dragon's Lair
- May 28–30: Detroit Triple Fan Fair (Troy Hilton, Troy, MI) — dubbed the "Detroit Triple Fan Fair (in Exile)"; guests include Chuck Jones, Ray Harryhausen; d
- June: Houstoncon (Houston, Texas) — guests include Frank Brunner, Spanky McFarland, Jock Mahoney, George Takei, Forrest J Ackerman, and Roy Rogers
- July 1–5: Comic Art Convention (Hotel Sheraton, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) — 10th annual show, first time in Philadelphia. Guests of honor: John Stanley and Bernie Wrightson; other guests include Roy Thomas, Wendy Pini, Linda Behrle, Barry Windsor-Smith, Frank Thorne, Frank Brunner, and Jeff Jones
- July 20–24: San Diego Comic-Con (El Cortez Hotel, San Diego, California) — 4,000+ attendees; official guests: Carl Barks, C. C. Beck, Walter Gibson, Robert A. Heinlein, Michael Kaluta, Jack Kirby, B. Kliban, Joe Kubert, Harvey Kurtzman, Stan Lynde, Alex Niño, Trina Robbins, and Bill Scott
- July 29–31: Konvention of Alternative Komix (Air Galleries, London, England, UK) — 2nd annual underground comix event
- July 29–30: Toronto Triple Fan Fair a.k.a. "Fan Fair 4" (Carleton Inn, Toronto, ON, Canada) — Guests of Honour: Philip José Farmer and Andrew I. Porter
- August 5–7: Chicago Comicon (Pick-Congress Hotel, 520 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago, Illinois) — produced by Joe Sarno, Mike Gold, and Bob Weinberg; guests include Stan Lee, Jenette Kahn, Chester Gould, and Howard Chaykin
- August 12–14: Atlanta Comics & Fantasy Fair (Dunfey's Royal Coach, Atlanta, Georgia) — official guests include Jenette Kahn, Dick Giordano, Kenneth Smith, Neal Adams, and Jim Steranko
- September: OrlandoCon (Orlando, Florida) — guests include Ralph Dunagin and Scorchy Smith's Edmund Good
- September 3–4: Comicon '77 (British Comic Art Convention) (Bloomsbury Centre Hotel, London, England) — organized by Rob Barrow; presentation of the first annual Eagle Awards
- September 10–11: Frazetta '77 (Penn Stroud Hilton Inn, Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania) — guests include Harvey Kurtzman, Will Eisner, Jerry Robinson, Burne Hogarth, Bernie Wrightson, Steve Hickman, Michael Kaluta, Charles Vess, Ian Ballantine, Betty Ballantine, and Ken Kelley
- November 25–27: Creation Comic Book & Pop Culture Convention (Statler Hilton Hotel, New York City) — guests include George Pérez; admission: $5/day
Presented in 1978 for comics published in 1977:
- Favourite Writer: Steve Englehart
- Favourite Artist: Neal Adams
- Favourite Inker: Terry Austin
- Favourite Comic Book (Dramatic): Uncanny X-Men
- Favorite Comic Book (Humor): Howard the Duck, by Steve Gerber and Gene Colan
- Favourite Black and White Magazine: Savage Sword of Conan
- Favourite Single Story: "The Final Threat," Avengers Annual #7, by Jim Starlin
- Favourite Continued Story: Avengers Annual #7 and Marvel Two-in-One Annual #2, by Jim Starlin
- Favourite Group or Team: Uncanny X-Men
- Favourite Character: Batman
- Favourite Supporting Character: Pip the Troll
- Favourite Villain: Thanos
- Favourite Comic (UK): 2000 AD (Fleetway)
- Favourite Editor (UK): Dez Skinn, for MAD magazine
- Roll of Honour: Steve Englehart
First issues by title
DC Special Series: catch-all series primarily for one-shots of different formats, released on an irregular schedule
- Release: September. Editor: Paul Levitz.
- Release: August. Editor: Paul Levitz.
- Release: January. Writer/Artist: Jack Kirby.
- Release: May. Reprints classic Captain America stories.
- Premiere issues features the rock band Kiss in a 40-page fictional adventure written by Steve Gerber, penciled by Alan Weiss, John Buscema, Rich Buckler, and Sal Buscema.
- Release: February. Writer/Editor: Roy Thomas.
- Writer & Artist: Magnus
- Release: July
Initial appearance by character name
- Baron Blitzkrieg, in World's Finest Comics #246 (August /September )
- Black Lightning, in Black Lightning #1 (April)
- Celsius, in Showcase #94 (August /September )
- Joshua Clay, in Showcase #94 (August /September )
- Dawnstar, in Superboy and the Legion of Super-Heroes #226 (April)
- Doctor Phosphorus, in Detective Comics #469 (May)
- Cal Durham, in Adventure Comics #452 (July)
- Faora, in Action Comics #471 (May)
- Godiva, in Super Friends #7 (October)
- Golden Glider, in Flash #250 (June)
- Gravedigger, in Men of War #1 (August)
- Huntress, in DC Super Stars # 17 (November /December 1977)
- Icemaiden, in Super Friends #9 (December)
- Impala, in Super Friends #7 (October)
- Jack O'Lantern, in Super Friends #8 (November)
- Owlwoman, in Super Friends #7 (October)
- El Papagayo, in Jonah Hex vol. 1, #2 (May)
- Professor Ojo, in Richard Dragon, Kung Fu Fighter #16 (July/August )
- Rising Sun, in Super Friends #8 (November)
- Scalphunter in Weird Western Tales #39 (March /April )
- Seraph, in Super Friends #7 (October)
- Shade, the Changing Man, in Shade, the Changing Man #1 (June/July)
- Silver St. Cloud, in Detective Comics #470 (June)
- Sklarian Raiders, in Superboy and the Legion of Super-Heroes #233 (November, DC Comics)
- Tasmanian Devil, in Super Friends #7 (October)
- Rupert Thorne, in Detective Comics #469 (May)
- Tuatara, in Super Friends #8 (November)
- Valentina Vostok, in Showcase #94 (August)
- Aqueduct, in Ghost Rider #23 (April)
- Aries (Life Model Decoy), in The Defenders #49 (July)
- Bereet, in The Rampaging Hulk #1 (January, Curtis Magazines)
- Bushmaster, in Iron Fist #15 (September)
- Constrictor, in The Incredible Hulk #212 (June)
- Deathbird, in Ms. Marvel #9 (September)
- Devil-Slayer, in Marvel Spotlight #33 (April)
- Doctor Bong, in Howard the Duck #15 (August)
- Dreadknight, in Iron Man #102 (August)
- Dyna-Mite / Destroyer, in Invaders #14 (March)
- Dreaming Celestial, in The Eternals #18 (December)
- Eson the Searcher, in The Eternals #9 (March)
- Hargen the Measurer, in The Eternals #9 (March)
- Jemiah the Analyzer, in The Eternals #7 (January)
- Nezarr the Calculator, in The Eternals #9 (March)
- One Above All, in The Eternals #7 (January)
- Oneg the Prober, in The Eternals #9 (March)
- Tefral the Surveyor, in The Eternals #7 (January)
- Ziran the Tester, in The Eternals #18 (December)
- Aginar, in The Eternals #11 (May)
- Delphan Brothers, in The Eternals #11 (May)
- Druig, in The Eternals #11 (May)
- Forgotten One, in The Eternals #13 (July)
- Sigmar, in The Eternals #17 (November)
- Sprite, in The Eternals #9 (March)
- Kingo Sunen, in The Eternals #11 (May)
- Uni-Mind, in The Eternals #12 (June)
- Valkin, in The Eternals #11 (May)
- Zarin, in The Eternals #11 (May)
- Henry Peter Gyrich, in Avengers #165 (November)
- Human Fly (Rick Rojatt), in Human Fly (Rick Rojatt) #1 (September)
- Imperial Guard, in X-Men #107 (October)
- Jocasta, in Avengers #162 (August)
- Killer Shrike, in The Rampaging Hulk #1 (January, Curtis Magazines)
- Lightmaster, in Peter Parker, the Spectacular Spider-Man #3 (February)
- Machine Man, in 2001: A Space Odyssey #8 (July)
- Malice, in Ghost Rider vol. 2, #25 (August)
- Paragon / Kismet, in The Incredible Hulk Annual #6
- Ringer, in Defenders #51 (September)
- Rocket Racer, in The Amazing Spider-Man #172 (September)
- Sabretooth, in Iron Fist #14 (August)
- Nicholas Scratch, in Fantastic Four #185 (August)
- Sphinx, in Nova #6 (February)
- Spider-Woman (Jessica Drew), in Marvel Spotlight #32 (February)
- Spirit of '76, in The Invaders #14 (March)
- Starjammers, in X-Men #107 (October)
- Swarm, in Champions #14 (July)
- Warrior Woman, in Invaders #16 (May)
- Will O' Wisp, in The Amazing Spider-Man #167 (April)
- Arnim Zola, in Captain America #208 (April)
- Cerebus the Aardvark, in Cerebus #1 (December, Aardvark-Vanaheim)
- Rico Dredd, in 2000 AD prog 30 (Fleetway)
- Judge Dredd, in 2000 AD #2 (Fleetway)
- Judge Giant, in 2000 AD prog 27 (Fleetway)
- Judge Goodman, in 2000 AD #2 (Fleetway)
- Bill Savage, in 2000 AD #1 (February 26, Fleetway)
- Tharg the Mighty, in 2000 AD #1 (February 26, Fleetway)
- Saffel, Steve (2007). "An Adventure Each Day". Spider-Man the Icon: The Life and Times of a Pop Culture Phenomenon. Titan Books. p. 116. ISBN 978-1-84576-324-4.
On Monday January 3, 1977, The Amazing Spider-Man comic strip made its debut in newspapers nationwide, reuniting writer Stan Lee and artist John Romita.
- Spider-Man: Newspaper Strips, Volume 1, Stan Lee and John Romita, Collection Editor Mark D. Beazley, First printing 2009, ISBN 978-0-7851-3793-1, published by Marvel Publishing Inc.
- Romero, Max (July 2012). "I'll Buy That For a Dollar! DC Comics' Dollar Comics". Back Issue!. TwoMorrows Publishing (57): 39–41.
- Kingman, Jim (May 2013). "The Ballad of Ollie and Dinah". Back Issue!. TwoMorrows Publishing (64): 10–21.
- Detroit Free Press (May 26, 1977).
- "Swords and Scrolls," Savage Sword of Conan vol. 1, #27 (Mar. 1978).
- Sarno, Joe. "The Captain's Veranda by Joe Sarno," C.B. Weekly (Comic Book Collectors Bulletin), vol. 3, #91 (Sept. 26, 2001). Archived at InterFan.org.
- "Comic Art Event," Chicago Tribune (July 31, 1977).
- Skinn, Dez. "Early days of UK comics conventions and marts," DezSkinn.com. Accessed Mar. 3, 2013.
- Cummings, Judith. "Comic Book Collectors Take Funnies Seriously," New York Times (Nov. 26, 1977).
- McAvennie, Michael; Dolan, Hannah, ed. (2010). "1970s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. Dorling Kindersley. p. 175. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9.
DC Super Stars #17 (November–December 1977) While writer Paul Levitz and artist Joe Staton introduced the Huntress to the JSA in this month's All Star Comics #69, they concurrently shaped her origin in DC Super Stars.
- DC Super Stars #17 (November-December 1977) at the Grand Comics Database "Origin and first appearance of the Helena Wayne Huntress, who simultaneously first appears in this issue and All-Star Comics (DC, 1976 series) #69, both released August 24, 1977."