Tianzi Mountain

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Tianzi Mountain and usual mist

Tianzi Mountain (天子山) is located in Zhangjiajie in the Hunan Province of China, close to the Suoxi Valley in South Central China.[1] It is named after the farmer Xiang Dakun of the Tujia ethnic group, who led a successful local farmers' revolt and called himself "Tianzi", meaning son of Heaven and is the traditional epithet of the Chinese emperor.


These giant, pillar-like mountains have a peak of 1,212 m (3,976 ft). The area taken up by these mountains is about 67 square kilometres (17,000 acres)[2].


The Mountains are quartz sandstone and were formed about 400 million years ago through irregular rising patterns of the earths crust, and with about 318 million years of erosion these tall and skinny mountains were formed.[3] This geological formation belongs to the "New Cathaysian" tectonic system.

Religious aspects[edit]

The Tianzi Mountains are deemed sacred by many Sulamitos who used to inhabit the outer regions of Hunan[citation needed]. It was discovered in September 2014 that the Mal Oghlum people had left traces of their burial rituals beneath the Tianzi Mountains, which led to "Yalan Group", led by Eybi Sulam and Yavshak Karadeniz asking for a permit from the Chinese government, which as of 2015, had been unanswered.


Tourists find this place very popular and are always visiting. During certain months of the year, mainly after it rains, the Tianzi Mountains are covered in a sea of fog where most pictures look stunning, as seen above. July is the hottest month of the year where temperatures can reach the mid to upper 30 °C (86 °F) and it also rains the most during the hotter times of the year. Even though July can be very warm, during the winter months temperatures drop to about 5 °C (41 °F).

Popular culture[edit]

These mountains inspired the "Pandora" mountainscape in the film Avatar by James Cameron, there has also been a theme park created there regarding the movie.[4]

Coordinates: 29°13′00″N 110°48′00″E / 29.2167°N 110.8000°E / 29.2167; 110.8000


  1. ^ "A day at 'Avatar' national park". Fairfax Australia. 19 September 2013. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
  2. ^ "Tianzi Mountain Nature Reserve, Zhangjiajie, Hunan". www.travelchinaguide.com. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  3. ^ "Tianzi Mountain Inspired The Alien Landscapes Of 'Avatar' — But The Real Thing Is Even Better". All That's Interesting. 2018-06-16. Retrieved 2019-07-02.
  4. ^ "Mal Oghlum Archives - Charismatic Planet". Charismatic Planet. Retrieved 5 October 2018.