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Tank Tifon-2A (Typhoon-2A) with its creator, Eng Sergio Casanave
|Place of origin||Peru / Ukraine|
|In service||2010 - Present|
|Used by||Peru (Trials/Development only to date)|
|Designer||Eng. Sergio Casanave|
|Unit cost||$2.0 M|
|Weight||46 tons |
|Crew||3 (commander, gunner, driver)|
|Armor||ERA "NOZH", "DEFLEKT" |
|Smooth-Bore 125 mm KBM-1M
APFSDS, HEAT, HE-FRAG, Misil KOMBAT 
|12.7×108mm remote-controlled anti-air KT-12.7 (3,000 rounds) |
|Engine||5TDMFA 5-cylinder 1,050 hp (895 kW) [Flex-fuel]|
|Transmission|| 5-speed automatic|
|Suspension||torsion beam suspension|
|Speed||75 km / h |
The TYPHONN-2A is a main battle tank, developed and manufactured jointly by the Peruvian company DICSAC (Diseños Casanave Corporation S.A.C. of Peru) and the Kharkiv Morozov Machine Building Design Bureau, Ukraine. The Tifon (Typhoon) 2A is based on the Soviet T-54/55 tank.
The TYPHOON-2A project was designed by Sergio Casanave Quelopana, a Peruvian Engineer, to help the Peruvian Army keep up with modern tank designs. The design was built around the Peruvian T-55 using feedback from the Peruvian military, and available components in European tank designs. The engineers decided to use the experience of successful modern tank designs, such as the Russian T-90. This was achieved by developing the TIPHOON-2A through the Kharkiv Morozov Machine Building Design Bureau. The TIPHOON-2A is the product of a series of modifications and modernisations of the T-55 AGM.
The TYPHOON-2A is primarily armed with an auto-loaded 125 mm smooth-bore KBM-1M 48 caliber gun capable of 8 rpm. It ]can fire APFSDS-T ammunition (arrow), HEAT-TANDEM (shaped charge), and high explosive HE-FRAG with an effective range up to 3,000 m. It also carries a "KOMBAT" missile System with laser guidance system 1G46M firing HEAT-TANDEM at an effective range exceeding 5,000 m. Missiles are capable of targeting ground targets and helicopters flying at low altitude. Secondary armament is a remotely controlled 12.7×108mm KT-12.7 machine gun. The TIPHOON-2A may also be fitted with a co-axial 7.62×54mmR KT-7.62 machine gun. Fire control on the TIPHOON-2A 2 is a ballistics computer LIO-V operated by both the gunner and the commander. The TIPHOON-2A can function at night using BURAN CATHERINE-E thermal vision with a range of 12 km.
Shielding and defenses
The TYPHOON-2A features Ceramic Shield "Deflek T", composed of a series of steel compound and polymer plates. T Deflek substantially reduces the initial velocity of APFSDS, and neutralizes HEAT charges fired by both tanks and antitank guns. Nozh Reactive armor, is composed of explosive charges, which are activated upon impact over 30 mm projectiles, neutralizing their effects penetración. El Ceramic Shield "Deflekt" and Reactive Armor "Nozh" increased overall survivability Hollow Load missile type (HEAT) rocket antitank missiles or guns and sub- calibrated (APFSDS) 120mm caliber, in the field, it was found effective to "neutralize" the drilling of 120 mm caliber projectile type NATO APFSDS 2,000 m, as well as type-120 mm caliber HEAT NATO up to 3,000 m. Can then ensure that the capacity of ammunition piercing resistance has increased more than 5 times the smoke grenade original. Posee twelve gauge 81 mm which are located on both sides of the tower, which are actuated by the control box Linkey-SPZ system, creating a smokescreen around the tank.
It has an engine of 1,050 HP 5TDFMA model is two stroke, turbocharged and flex-(Kerosene, oil, diesel, jet fuel or a mixture), five-cylinder boxer horizontal type, have an ejection system for the ventilation system motor, shutter system allows the tank to immerse in the water. The 1.8m ventilation liquid type, closed, forced, uses the exhaust gas system of high motor. The purification system efficiency cyclone-type air cassette provides a 99.8% efficiency. Operation for more than 500 km without cleaning the transmission box filter. The planetary system consisting of two plates with six changes forward and three reverse, using a mechanical-electrical-system ensures maximum speed up to 75 km/h at front, and up to 32 km/h backward. The Typhoon-2A has a new type driving system "power steering", presenting data is an indicator of changes in digital display; ignition electric system and pressure. The alternative for removing a suspension and bearing system is newly designed, using 3 rollers per side, torsion bars, and high strength springs, which allow increasing road speed up 60 km/h up to 78 km/h on the road, and greater than 45 km/h in reverse, also counting for this new "Neoprene Pads" to allow a better grip in the road. Can mount a Navigation System (GPS) "TIUS - NM" model based on GLONASS and NAVSTAR system. This system is located in the housing of chief of tank, and given its location with great accuracy as well as that of other vehicles in its strength.
Tanks of comparable role and era
- Arjun MBT
- AMX Leclerc
- Challenger 2
- K1 88-Tank
- M1 Abrams
- Type 90 Kyū-maru
- Type 10
- Type 99
- Type 96A
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