Time Out (album)
|Studio album by the Dave Brubeck Quartet|
|Released||December 14, 1959|
|Recorded||June 25, July 1 and August 18, 1959|
|Studio||Columbia 30th Street Studio, New York City|
|Dave Brubeck chronology|
Time Out is an album by the American jazz group the Dave Brubeck Quartet, released in 1959 on Columbia Records. Recorded at Columbia's 30th Street Studio in New York City, it is based upon the use of time signatures that were unusual for jazz such as 9/8 and 5/4. The album is a subtle blend of cool and West Coast jazz. It peaked at #2 on the Billboard pop albums chart, and has been certified platinum by the RIAA.
The album was intended as an experiment using musical styles Brubeck discovered abroad while on a United States Department of State sponsored tour of Eurasia, such as when he observed in Turkey a group of street musicians performing a traditional Turkish folk song that was played in 9/8 time, a rare meter for Western music.
On the condition that Brubeck's group first record a conventional album of traditional songs of the American South, Gone with the Wind, Columbia president Goddard Lieberson took a chance to underwrite and release Time Out. It received negative reviews by critics upon its release. Despite this, it became one of the best-known and biggest-selling jazz albums, charting highly on the popular albums chart when 50,000 units sold for a jazz album was impressive. It produced a Top 40 hit single in "Take Five", composed by Paul Desmond, and the one track not written by Dave Brubeck.
Although the theme of Time Out is non-common-time signatures, things are not quite so simple. "Blue Rondo à la Turk" starts in 9/8, with a typically Balkan 2+2+2+3 subdivision into short and long beats (the rhythm of the Turkish zeybek, equivalent of the Greek zeibekiko) as opposed to the more Western 3+3+3 pattern, but the saxophone and piano solos are in 4/4. The title is a play on Mozart's "Rondo alla Turca" from his Piano Sonata No. 11, and reflects the fact that the band heard the rhythm while traveling in Turkey. Contrary to popular belief, Brubeck did not base the piece on the Mozart sonata musically; he stated in a 2003 interview, "I should've just called it 'Blue Rondo', because the title just seemed to confuse people."
"Strange Meadow Lark" begins with a piano solo that exhibits no clear time signature, but then settles into a fairly ordinary 4/4 swing once the rest of the group joins. "Take Five" is in 5/4 throughout. According to Desmond, "It was never supposed to be a hit. It was supposed to be a Joe Morello drum solo." "Three to Get Ready" begins in waltz-time, after which it begins to alternate between two measures of 3/4 and two of 4/4. "Kathy's Waltz", named after Brubeck's daughter Cathy but misspelled, starts in 4/4, and only later switches to double-waltz time before merging the two. "Everybody's Jumpin'" is mainly in a very flexible 6/4, while "Pick Up Sticks" firms that up into a clear and steady 6/4.
In an article for The Independent, Spencer Leigh speculated that "Kathy's Waltz" inspired the song "All My Loving", written by Paul McCartney and performed by The Beatles, as they share similar rhythmic endings to the last phrases of their melodies.
In 1997, the album was remastered for compact disc by Legacy Recordings. In 2005, it was one of 50 recordings chosen that year by the Library of Congress to be added to the National Recording Registry. It was also listed in the book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die.
In 2009 Legacy Recordings released a special three-disc 50th Anniversary Edition of Time Out. This edition offers a much higher dynamic range than the 1997 remaster. In addition to the complete album, the Legacy Edition includes a bonus disc featuring previously unreleased concert recordings of the same Brubeck Quartet from the 1961, 1963, and 1964 gatherings of Newport Jazz Festival. The Legacy Edition's third disc is a DVD featuring a 30-minute interview with Brubeck in 2003, and an interactive "piano lesson" where the viewer can toggle through four different camera angles of Brubeck performing a solo version of "Three to Get Ready".
Time Out was included among a group of 15 DualDisc releases that were test marketed in two cities: Boston and Seattle. Due to "rights issues", the DualDisc issue was recalled within days of being shipped to just a handful of stores in these two cities. As a result, fewer than 50 copies of this album are known to exist in DualDisc format, and it is one of the rarest commercially released CDs of all time. A handful of copies of the DualDisc version of this album have traded hands in the collectors' market since its release, some for several hundred dollars.
- Side one
- Side two
- "Three to Get Ready" – 5:24
- "Kathy's Waltz" – 4:48
- "Everybody's Jumpin'" – 4:23
- "Pick Up Sticks" – 4:16
The Dave Brubeck Quartet
- Teo Macero – producer
- Fred Plaut – engineer
- S. Neil Fujita – cover artwork
- Seth Rothstein – project director
- Russell Gloyd – reissue producer
- Mark Wilder – reissue remastering
- Cozbi Sanchez-Cabrera – reissue art direction
Billboard (North America)
Billboard (North America)
|1961||"Take Five"||Adult Contemporary||5|
|1961||"Take Five"||Pop Singles||25|
Sales and certifications
Time Out was the first jazz album to sell more than a million copies. The single "Take Five" also sold more than a million.
|United States||Platinum ||1,000,000+|
- Huey, Steve. Time Out at AllMusic. Retrieved December 14, 2011.
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- Brown, Geoff. Review: Time Out. Mojo. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
- "Review: Time Out". Q (London): 112. March 1995.
- Walls, Richard C. "Time Out". Yahoo! Music. Yahoo!. Archived from the original on December 7, 2012. Retrieved December 7, 2012.
- Race, Steve (1959), Time Out (LP sleeve notes), Columbia Records
- Sutro, Dirk (2011). "Los Angeles and West Coast cool". Jazz For Dummies (2nd ed.). John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-1-118-06852-6. Retrieved December 26, 2011.
- McCurdy, Ronald C. (2004). "The Story of Dave Brubeck". Meet the Great Jazz Legends. Alfred Music Publishing. p. 48. ISBN 978-0-7390-3094-3. Retrieved December 26, 2011.
- Kaplan, Fred (2009). 1959: The Year that Changed Everything. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 130–131. ISBN 978-0-470-38781-8.
- Kaplan. 1959. p. 131.
- Brubeck, Dave (November 1996), Time Out is still in (CD notes for Time Out), Sony Music Entertainment
- Smith, Hedrick (December 16, 2001). "Rediscovering Dave Brubeck – The Music". PBS. Retrieved December 26, 2011.
- Leigh, Spencer (July 8, 2010). "When it comes to songwriting, there's a fine line between inspiration and plagiarism". The Independent. Retrieved December 26, 2011.
- Flanagan, Graham L. (June 2, 2009). "Dave Brubeck: Time Out (50th Anniversary Legacy Edition)". All About Jazz. Retrieved December 26, 2011.
- Time Out (CD notes), Sony Music Entertainment, 1997
- Chilton, Martin (December 5, 2012). "Dave Brubeck, Take Five jazz star, dies 91". telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved December 5, 2012.
- "Gold & Platinum Searchable Database". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved December 14, 2011. (Search for "Brubeck, Dave".)
- The Dave Brubeck Quartet: Time Out — by A.B. Spellman and Murray Horwitz; part of NPR's Basic Jazz Record Library
- Exclusive video: Dave Brubeck discusses "Time Out" — A short video at Amazon.com of Dave Brubeck discussing the rhythms used on Time Out