|City of Tipton|
Location of Tipton, Missouri
|• Mayor||Jennifer Cary|
|• Total||2.11 sq mi (5.46 km2)|
|• Land||2.09 sq mi (5.41 km2)|
|• Water||0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)|
|Elevation||925 ft (282 m)|
|• Estimate (2016)||3,378|
|• Density||1,500/sq mi (600/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0727679|
Tipton was an eastern terminus of the Butterfield Overland Mail when it was launched in 1858. The route was connected to St. Louis by the Pacific Railroad. Tipton is named for William Tipton Seely, a businessman in nearby Round Hill. He received the land for his service in the War of 1812. From Tipton, a stage went to Fort Smith, Arkansas (where another branch from Memphis also entered). From there, it went on the Los Angeles and San Francisco via a route through southern Arizona and New Mexico. The first run went from Tipton to San Francisco from September 16 to October 10, 1858. The route predated the Pony Express by two years. Per a 2009 Congressional mandate the National Park Service is studying whether to designate the route a National Historic Trail.
Tipton 8 Ball Water Tower
The city of Tipton has a water tower painted like an "eight ball". This water tower originated in 1968, when Ewald Fischer (a native of Tipton) built his billiard table factory—Fischer Manufacturing Co., which claimed to be the largest builder of pool tables in the United States. The company was purchased by the Spalding Company and the plant soon closed when Spalding sold it in 1976 to Ebonite Billiard, which was a subsidiary of Fuqua Companies. By then, the water tower was repainted. However, the residents of Tipton wanted to have the eight ball back, so it was painted again. Today, the water tower is generally regarded as the world's largest eight ball.
Tipton is located at (38.654594, -92.778800).
As of the census of 2010, there were 3,262 people, 876 households, and 558 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,560.8 inhabitants per square mile (602.6/km2). There were 999 housing units at an average density of 478.0 per square mile (184.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 82.0% White, 16.0% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.3% of the population.
There were 876 households of which 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.9% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.3% were non-families. 32.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.96.
The median age in the city was 38.4 years. 16.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 37.6% were from 25 to 44; 25.7% were from 45 to 64; and 12.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 65.1% male and 34.9% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,261 people, 872 households, and 558 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,554.6 people per square mile (599.6/km²). There were 967 housing units at an average density of 461.0 per square mile (177.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 81.51% White, 15.18% African American, 0.95% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.28% from other races, and 1.63% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.89% of the population.
There were 872 households out of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.0% were non-families. 32.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the city, the population was spread out with 16.8% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 43.5% from 25 to 44, 17.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 188.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 215.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $32,155, and the median income for a family was $40,486. Males had a median income of $24,509 versus $20,824 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,987. About 8.7% of families and 10.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.5% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over.
Government and infrastructure
Missouri Training School for Negro Girls, a juvenile correctional facility for black girls operated by the Missouri State Board of Training Schools, was located in Tipton. It opened in 1926 and closed in 1956. It consolidated into the Missouri Training School for Girls in Chillicothe.
- David Koechner, actor
- Gene Clark, musician and songwriter who sang with the New Christy Minstrels, co-founded The Byrds, and was part of the country rock duo Dillard and Clark.
- Edwin Q. White, journalist, Saigon bureau chief for the Associated Press from 1965 until 1975
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