Tirich Mir

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Tirich Mir
Tirich Mir Hotel.jpg
Highest point
Elevation 7,708 m (25,289 ft) 
Ranked 33rd
Prominence 3,908 m (12,822 ft) [1]
Ranked 30th
Isolation 239 kilometres (149 mi)
Listing Ultra
Coordinates 36°15′15″N 71°50′36″E / 36.25417°N 71.84333°E / 36.25417; 71.84333Coordinates: 36°15′15″N 71°50′36″E / 36.25417°N 71.84333°E / 36.25417; 71.84333[1]
Tirich Mir is located in Pakistan
Tirich Mir
Tirich Mir
Location in Pakistan
Location Pakistan
Parent range Hindu Kush
First ascent 1950
Easiest route glacier/snow/ice

Tirich Mir (Pashto/Khowar/Urdu: ترچ میر‎) (alternatively Terich Mir and Turch Mir) is the highest mountain of the Hindu Kush range, and the highest mountain in the world outside of the Himalayas-Karakoram range. It is located in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The mountain was first climbed in 1950 by a Norwegian expedition consisting of Arne Næss, P. Kvernberg, H. Berg, and Tony Streather. Tirich Mir overlooks Chitral town, and can be easily seen from the main bazaar. It is believed the Hakeem lukman and Hazrat Suleman lived on this mountain. The mountain is also described by Greek historian Herodotus in 5th century BC. Some believe there are fairies and genies are living in Terich Mir.

The last village in Chitral before reaching Tirich Mir is the village of Tirich, located in Mulkow. The population speaks the Khowar language, and are available for hire as porters and tourist guides and will lead trekkers part way up the mountain, but there is a point beyond which they will not go.

It is believed the origin of the name Tirich Mir is "King of Tirich" as Tirich is the name of a side valley of the Mulkhow valley of Chitral which leads up to Tirich Mir. An alternative etymology derives its name from the Wakhi language. In Wakhi trich means shadow or darkness and mir means king so Tirich Mir means king of darkness. It could have got this name as it causes long shadows on the Wakhan side of its face.


The people have dedicated the Terich Mir Hindukush range mountain area as a community park. The Minister for Northern Areas inaugurated the park. The terich mountain range is the home of endangered species such as Marco Polo sheep, snow leopard, brown bear, wolves and many others.[citation needed]

Geography and climate[edit]

The base of Tirich is located at 7,780m elevation and has cold weather of an altitude-influenced subarctic climate. It is not possible to survive here due to high altitude and low oxygen due to high altitude. There is also heavy snow fall. In June and July the ice melts and flows to the rivers . Avalanches can happen year-round without warning.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Afghanistan and Pakistan Ultra-Prominence". peaklist.org. Retrieved 2014-01-03. 


  • Keay, John, "The Gilgit Game": The Explorers of the Western Himalayas, 1865-95, Oxford University Press, 1985, ISBN 0-19-577466-3
  • Robertson, Sir George Scott, The Kafirs of the Hindukush, Oxford University Press, (1896, OUP edition 1986), ISBN 0-19-577127-3

External links[edit]