Tirich Mir

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Tirich Mir
Tirich Mir Hotel.jpg
Elevation 7,708 m (25,289 ft)
Ranked 33rd
Prominence 3,908 m (12,822 ft)[1]
Ranked 30th
Listing Ultra
Location
Tirich Mir is located in Pakistan
Tirich Mir
Tirich Mir
Location in Pakistan
Location Pakistan
Range Hindu Kush
Coordinates 36°15′15″N 71°50′36″E / 36.25417°N 71.84333°E / 36.25417; 71.84333Coordinates: 36°15′15″N 71°50′36″E / 36.25417°N 71.84333°E / 36.25417; 71.84333[1]
Climbing
First ascent 1950
Easiest route glacier/snow/ice

Tirich Mir (Pashto/Khowar/Urdu: ترچ میر‎) (alternatively Terich Mir, Terichmir and Turch Mir) is the highest mountain of the Hindu Kush range, and the highest mountain in the world outside of the Himalayas-Karakoram range, located in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The mountain was first climbed in 1950 by a Norwegian expedition consisting of Arne Næss, P. Kvernberg, H. Berg, and Tony Streather. Tirich Mir overlooks Chitral town, and can be easily seen from the main bazaar.

The last village in Chitral before reaching Tirich Mir is Village Tirich. It is located in Mulkow. The people there speak the Khowar language. The residents are available for hire as porters and tourist guides and will lead trekkers part way up the mountain, but there is a point beyond which they will not go.

It is believed the origin to the name Tirich Mir is "King of Tirich" as Tirich is the name of a side valley of the Mulkhow valley of Chitral which leads up to Tirich Mir. An alternatively etymology derives its name from the Wakhi language. In Wakhi trich means shadow or darkness and mir means king so Tirich Mir means king of darkness. It could have got this name as it causes long shadows on the Wakhan side of its face.

History[edit]

"Tirich Mir", is a highest Mountain in Hindu Kush region.

Demography[edit]

Tirich Mir, Inhabitants of many peoples, are Dards, Indo-Aryan people believed to have originally migrated to Tirich from Central Asia. The ethinic group of peoples include Kohwari, Burusho, Khoshey, Tajiki, Shina and Wakhi and small amount of Persian also. The local population is of 39% male and 61% female. In total the population of Tirich Mir is 4,201.

Climate[edit]

Tirich is the coldest place in NWFP, experiencing an altitude-influenced subarctic climate. Winters are cold with average lows around −22 °C (−10 °F), and as low as −45 °C at the height of winter, which lasts from mid-October to mid-May. Summers start in June and go on up till early September, with average temperatures near 15 °C (60 °F) and little precipitation. Annual precipitation is almost entirely concentrated in the months from December to May when Tirich gets around 550 millimetres (21.7 in) water equivalent of snowfall.

Climate data for Tirich
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 5
(41)
6
(43)
10
(50)
18
(64)
25
(77)
30
(86)
33
(91)
31
(88)
29
(84)
25
(77)
15
(59)
9
(48)
33
(91)
Average high °C (°F) 5
(41)
6
(43)
7
(45)
14
(57)
17
(63)
21
(70)
27
(81)
24
(75)
20
(68)
13
(55)
4
(39)
1
(34)
27
(81)
Average low °C (°F) −12
(10)
−10
(14)
−15
(5)
−6
(21)
1
(34)
6
(43)
9
(48)
10
(50)
5
(41)
−1
(30)
−10
(14)
−19
(−2)
−5
(23)
Record low °C (°F) −37.4
(−35.3)
−34
(−29)
−31
(−24)
−25
(−13)
−17
(1)
−8
(18)
−5
(23)
−6
(21)
−7
(19)
−20
(−4)
−29
(−20)
−37
(−35)
−37.4
(−35.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 96.5
(3.799)
99.6
(3.921)
137.1
(5.398)
104.1
(4.098)
60.9
(2.398)
22.3
(0.878)
15.2
(0.598)
16.2
(0.638)
17.7
(0.697)
20.3
(0.799)
32.5
(1.28)
53.3
(2.098)
675.7
(26.602)
[citation needed]

Educational institutions[edit]

  • Terichmir Model School
  • Terichmir Model College
  • Boys Model Public school

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Afghanistan and Pakistan Ultra-Prominence". peaklist.org. Retrieved 2014-01-03. 

Books[edit]

  • Keay, John, "The Gilgit Game": The Explorers of the Western Himalayas, 1865-95, Oxford University Press, 1985, ISBN 0-19-577466-3
  • Robertson, Sir George Scott, The Kafirs of the Hindukush, Oxford University Press, (1896, OUP edition 1986), ISBN 0-19-577127-3

External links[edit]