Tirich Mir

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Tirich Mir
Tirich Mir (The Kingdom Of Djinns And Fairies).jpg
Tirich Mir summit at night
Highest point
Elevation7,708 m (25,289 ft)
Ranked 33rd
Prominence3,908 m (12,822 ft)[1]
Ranked 30th
Isolation239 km (149 mi) Edit this on Wikidata
ListingUltra
Coordinates36°15′15″N 71°50′36″E / 36.25417°N 71.84333°E / 36.25417; 71.84333Coordinates: 36°15′15″N 71°50′36″E / 36.25417°N 71.84333°E / 36.25417; 71.84333[1]
Naming
Native nameترچ میر Error {{native name checker}}: parameter value is malformed (help)
Geography
Tirich Mir is located in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Tirich Mir
Tirich Mir
Location in Pakistan
Tirich Mir is located in Pakistan
Tirich Mir
Tirich Mir
Tirich Mir (Pakistan)
LocationChitral District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
Parent rangeHindu Kush
Climbing
First ascentA. Næss, P. Kvernberg, H. Berg, and T. Streather in 1950
Easiest routeglacier/snow/ice

Tirich Mir (also spelled Terich Mir, Terichmir and Turch Mir) is the highest mountain of the Hindu Kush range, and the highest mountain in the world outside of the HimalayasKarakoram range. It is located in the Chitral District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The first recorded ascent of the mountain was on 21 July 1950 by a Norwegian expedition consisting of Arne Næss, P. Kvernberg, H. Berg, and Tony Streather.[2] Tirich Mir overlooks the town of Chitral, and can be easily seen from the main bazaar. It is the closest mountain to Aconcagua which is higher than Aconcagua, and thus determines Aconcagua's topographic isolation.[3]

The last village situated in Chitral District before the mountain begins is the village of Tirich.[citation needed] This valley begins at Soorwaht, where Tirich River meets Torkhow River from the west, up to Shagrom—the last permanent settlement of the valley. From that point onwards, there are summertime grazing pastures and shepherd huts leading up to the snout of the lower Tirich glacier, which goes further up to Tirich Concordia, where glaciers from seven sub-valleys slide down and join at the Concordia glacial confluence.[citation needed]

It is believed the origin of the name Tirich Mir is "King of Tirich" as Tirich is the name of a side valley of the Mulkhow valley of Chitral which leads up to Tirich Mir. An alternative etymology derives this name from the Wakhi language. In Wakhi, trich means shadow or darkness and mir means king, so Tirich Mir means king of darkness. It could have gotten this name as it creates long shadows on the Wakhan side of its face.[citation needed]

Climate[edit]

View of the peak from Chitral Gol

The weather station 4,245 m (13,927 ft) above sea level lies in the Tundra climate/Alpine climate (ET) zone according to Köppen Climate Classification. On this specific altitude (4,245 m or 13,927 ft asl) we find moderately cold winters and cool summers generally above freezing. Annual mean temperature is −5.25 °C (22.55 °F), which puts the station well inside the range of continuous permafrost. The average temperature in the coldest month of January is −17.5 °C (0.5 °F) and the two hottest months of July and August have mean temperatures of 6.5 °C (43.7 °F). Average low temperatures range from −23 °C (−9 °F) in January to 0 °C (32 °F) in July and August.

Climate data for Tirich Mir (4,235 m asl) Averages (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −12
(10)
−11
(12)
−7
(19)
−2
(28)
3.0
(37.4)
9.0
(48.2)
13.0
(55.4)
13.0
(55.4)
9.0
(48.2)
0.0
(32.0)
−6
(21)
−10
(14)
−0.08
(31.86)
Daily mean °C (°F) −17.5
(0.5)
−16
(3)
−12
(10)
−6.5
(20.3)
−1.5
(29.3)
3.5
(38.3)
6.5
(43.7)
6.5
(43.7)
3.0
(37.4)
−4
(25)
−10
(14)
−15
(5)
−5.25
(22.55)
Average low °C (°F) −23
(−9)
−21
(−6)
−17
(1)
−11
(12)
−6
(21)
−2
(28)
0.0
(32.0)
0.0
(32.0)
−3.0
(26.6)
−8
(18)
−14
(7)
−20
(−4)
−10.4
(13.3)
Source: Meteoblue[4]

Folklore[edit]

According to the polytheist Kalash people who live nearby, this mountain is the domain of the goddess Krumai. She appears in the form of a wild goat, and she is associated with childbirth.[5] In one legend, she disturbed the other gods, and was chased by Imra, who threw her into a fast river. Krumai jumped up the river and ran up the cliff, causing the cliff's shape with her hooves. She revealed her true form and prepared a feast for the other gods, and they accepted her into their pantheon.

The Chitrali people, who are Muslim, instead believe that this mountain is the home of fairies and their fortress. No one may climb it, as doing so will bring death to the trespasser. These mountain fairies are known as "Bohtan Doyak", the "stone throwers".[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Afghanistan and Pakistan Ultra-Prominence". peaklist.org. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  2. ^ "NORWEGIAN EXPEDITION TO TIRICH MIR, 1950 : Himalayan Journal vol.16/5". www.himalayanclub.org.
  3. ^ "Isolation for Aconcagua - Peakbagger.com". www.peakbagger.com. Retrieved 13 July 2021.
  4. ^ "Meteoblue".
  5. ^ Chohan, Amar Singh (1989). "A History of Kafferistan: Socio-economic and Political Conditions of the Kaffers".
  6. ^ @MHuzaifaNizam (18 September 2021). "Lesser Known Fact: The Terich Mir mountain in #Pakistan (Hindu Kush's highest) has for centuries attracted the Kh…" (Tweet) – via Twitter.

Books[edit]

  • Keay, John, "The Gilgit Game": The Explorers of the Western Himalayas, 1865-95, Oxford University Press, 1985, ISBN 0-19-577466-3
  • Robertson, Sir George Scott, The Kafirs of the Hindukush, Oxford University Press, (1896, OUP edition 1986), ISBN 0-19-577127-3

External links[edit]