Tkuma, Israel

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Tkuma
תקומה
Village synagogue
Village synagogue
Tkuma is located in Israel
Tkuma
Tkuma
Coordinates: 31°27′4.32″N 34°32′42″E / 31.4512000°N 34.54500°E / 31.4512000; 34.54500Coordinates: 31°27′4.32″N 34°32′42″E / 31.4512000°N 34.54500°E / 31.4512000; 34.54500
District Southern
Council Sdot Negev
Affiliation Hapoel HaMizrachi
Founded 5–6 October 1946
Founded by Eastern European Jews
Population (2015)[1] 649

Tkuma (Hebrew: תְּקוּמָה‎, lit. Resurrection) is a religious moshav in southern Israel. Located north-west of Netivot, it falls under the jurisdiction of Sdot Negev Regional Council. In 2015 it had a population of 649.

History[edit]

Tkuma was established as a kibbutz on the night of 5 and 6 October 1946 as one of the 11 points in the Negev at a location around a mile from the present site. The first residents were immigrants from Eastern Europe who survived the Holocaust, and the village's name reflects the resurrection of Israel.[citation needed]

In 1949 the village moved to its present location near the site of the depopulated Arab village of al-Muharraqa. According to Morris, Tkuma is near the al-Muharraqa site, but according to Khalidi, Tkuma, although only 2 km west of the al-Muharraqa site, is actually on land which formally belonged to the city of Gaza.[2][3]

In the 1950s the moshav was joined by more immigrants from Eastern Europe and Tunisia.[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

Since the 1990s, fish-farming has been an important economic branch. The sale of fresh fish to banquet halls and restaurants in the northern Negev has provided income for seven families.[4]

Terrorism[edit]

Located 5 kilometers from Gaza,[3] the moshav has suffered damage from rockets launched by Hamas militants. The moshav is serviced by the Color Red alert system.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  2. ^ *Morris, Benny (2004). The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited. Cambridge University Press. p. xxi. ISBN 978-0-521-00967-6. 
  3. ^ a b Khalidi, Walid (1992), All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948, Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies, p. 127, ISBN 0-88728-224-5 
  4. ^ War leads to creativity, and success Haaretz
  5. ^ Gaza Rocket Fire Intensifies New York Times, 24 December 2008

External links[edit]

  • Tkuma Negev Information Centre