|Diameter||1,590 km (990 mi)|
Tombaugh Regio (/ /) is the largest bright surface feature of the dwarf planet Pluto. It is just north of the equator, to the northeast of Cthulhu Macula and to the northwest of Krun Macula, which are both dark features. Its western lobe, a 1,000 km (620 mi)-wide plain of nitrogen and other ices lying within a basin, is named Sputnik Planitia. The eastern lobe consists of high-albedo uplands thought to be coated by nitrogen transported through the atmosphere from Sputnik Planitia, and then deposited as ice. Some of this nitrogen ice then returns to Sputnik Planitia via glacial flow. Named after Clyde Tombaugh, the discoverer of Pluto, it is nicknamed the "heart" after its shape.
Tombaugh Regio is a large, light-colored region about 1,590 km (990 mi) across. The two lobes of the feature are geologically distinct. The western lobe, Sputnik Planitia, is smoother than the eastern, and they are of slightly different colors. Early speculation was that the western lobe may be a large impact crater filled with nitrogen snow. Bright spots within the region were initially speculated to be mountain peaks. Photos, released on 15 July 2015, revealed 3,400 m (11,000 ft) mountains made of water ice in the feature; they also showed no craters in this same region. Subsequent data indicated that the center of Sputnik Planitia is rich in nitrogen, carbon monoxide, and methane ices, and that features near the edges of the region show evidence of ice flow such as glaciers, and light material overlying the darker material at the eastern edge of Cthulhu Macula. The surface of Sputnik Planitia is divided into polygonal convection cells and is less than 10 million years old, indicating that Pluto is geologically active.
The feature had been identified as a bright spot for six decades prior to the New Horizons flyby, although it was impossible to image it with enough resolution to determine its shape. Over these six decades the spot had been observed to be dimming.
Tombaugh Regio was first identified in the initial image of Pluto returned after the New Horizons probe recovered from an anomaly that temporarily sent it into safe mode. NASA initially referred to it as a "heart" in reference to its overall shape. On 15 July 2015, the region was provisionally named "Tombaugh Regio" by the New Horizons team in honor of astronomer Clyde Tombaugh, the discoverer of Pluto, regio being Latin for 'region'. On 7 September 2017, the name was officially approved by the International Astronomical Union (IAU), together with names for 13 other surface features on Pluto.
Some people find the feature also resembles the Disney character Pluto, an animated non-anthropomorphic dog which shares the name of the dwarf planet, in profile facing eastward. The Walt Disney Company acknowledged this perceived likeness in a short animation.
A 2010 map of Pluto reconstructed from Hubble Space Telescope data. Although it had not yet been named or identified as a distinct feature, Tombaugh Regio is discernible.
- Media related to Tombaugh Regio at Wikimedia Commons
- Feltman, Rachel (8 July 2015). "New map of Pluto reveals a 'whale' and a 'donut'". The Washington Post. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
- O'Kane, Sean (15 July 2015). "This is the first high resolution image of Pluto's surface". The Verge. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
- Coldewey, Devin (15 July 2015). "Latest New Horizons Photo Shows Close-Up of Pluto's Young Mountains". NBC News. Comcast. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
- The New York Times (15 July 2015). "New Horizons Reveals Ice Mountains on Pluto". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
- McKinnon, Mika. "Places on Pluto are Being Named for Your Darkest Imaginings". Retrieved 23 July 2015.
- "New Horizons Discovers Flowing Ices on Pluto". NASA. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
- Lakdawalla, Emily (21 December 2015). "Pluto updates from AGU and DPS: Pretty pictures from a confusing world". The Planetary Society. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
- New data reveals that Pluto's heart is broken. Washington Post. 14 July 2015. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
- Coming today: a close-up of Pluto's heart. New York Times. 15 July 2015. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
- New Horizons spacecraft displays Pluto's big heart. NASA.gov. 14 July 2015. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
- Feltman, Rachel (14 July 2015). "New data reveals that Pluto's heart is broken". The Washington Post. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
- Achenbach, Joel (14 July 2015). "New Horizons reaches Pluto, sees complex terrain with 'great mounds'". The Washington Post. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
- Orwig, Jessica (15 July 2015). "The first insanely close-up photos of Pluto reveal water on its surface". Business Insider. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
- Marchis, F.; Trilling, D. E. (20 January 2016). "The Surface Age of Sputnik Planum, Pluto, Must Be Less than 10 Million Years". PLOS ONE. 11 (1): e0147386. arXiv:1601.02833. Bibcode:2016PLoSO..1147386T. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0147386. PMC 4720356. PMID 26790001.
- Crockett, Christopher (14 July 2015). "Mission to Pluto: Live coverage: Sitting and speculating". Science News. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
- "Pluto's icy heart controls its wind circulation: NASA study". Deccan Herald. 5 February 2020. Retrieved 5 February 2020.
- Strickland, Ashley. "When Pluto's frozen heart beats, it creates wind". CNN. Retrieved 5 February 2020.
- "NASA's New Horizons: A "Heart" from Pluto as Flyby Begins". NASA. 8 July 2015. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
- Kelly Beatty (2015). "Pluto and Charon Dazzle with Diversity". Popular Mechanics. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
- "Pluto Features Given First Official Names". NASA. 7 September 2017.
- Westfall, Mike (14 July 2015). "Does Pluto's bright spot look more like a heart or the Disney dog?". Bay News 9. Archived from the original on 16 July 2015. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
- Newcomb, Alyssa (14 July 2015). "New Horizons Space Probe: Pluto Gets the Meme Treatment". ABC News. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
- "The best Pluto memes. Well done, internet". BBC. 15 July 2015. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
- Disney [@Disney] (14 July 2015). "Oh, boy! There's no pup more stellar than Pluto" (Tweet). Retrieved 16 July 2015 – via Twitter.
- Gipson, Lillian (24 July 2015). "New Horizons Discovers Flowing Ices on Pluto". NASA. Retrieved 24 July 2015.