Tomorrow and tomorrow and tomorrow
She should have died hereafter;
There would have been a time for such a word.
— To-morrow, and to-morrow, and to-morrow,
Creeps in this petty pace from day to day,
To the last syllable of recorded time;
And all our yesterdays have lighted fools
The way to dusty death. Out, out, brief candle!
Life's but a walking shadow, a poor player
That struts and frets his hour upon the stage
And then is heard no more. It is a tale
Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury
— Macbeth (Act 5, Scene 5, lines 17–28)
"Tomorrow and tomorrow and tomorrow" is the beginning of the second sentence of one of the most famous soliloquies in William Shakespeare's tragedy Macbeth. It takes place in the beginning of the 5th scene of Act 5, during the time when the Scottish troops, led by Malcolm and Macduff, are approaching Macbeth's castle to besiege it. Macbeth, the play's protagonist, is confident that he can withstand any siege from Malcolm's forces. He hears the cry of a woman and reflects that there was a time when his hair would have stood on end if he had heard such a cry, but he is now so full of horrors and slaughterous thoughts that it can no longer startle him.
Seyton then tells Macbeth of Lady Macbeth's death, and Macbeth delivers this soliloquy as his response to the news. Shortly afterwards, he is told of the apparent movement of Birnam Wood towards Dunsinane Castle (as the witches had prophesied to him), which is actually Malcolm's forces having disguised themselves with tree branches so as to hide their numbers as they approach the castle. This sets the scene for the final events of the play and Macbeth's death at the hands of Macduff.
To-morrow, and to-morrow, and to-morrow...
- "Tomorrow and Tomorrow and so Forth" is a 1955 short story by John Updike.
- "Tomorrow and Tomorrow and Tomorrow" is a 1953 short story by Kurt Vonnegut.
- "Tomorrow, and Tomorrow, and Tomorrow" is the title of an episode (S02 E13, 2019-04-18) of season two of The Orville.
- Tomorrow and Tomorrow by Charles Sheffield is a 1997 science fiction novel, where a man searches endlessly to reverse the fate "She should have died hereafter..."
- One of the main musical themes of Final Fantasy XIV: Shadowbringers is titled "Tomorrow and Tomorrow".
... and all our yesterdays have lighted fools the way to dusty death
- All Our Yesterdays is used as the title of several works, encompassing literature, music and television, including a 1969 history of 1940s science fiction fandom by Harry Warner, Jr, an episode of Star Trek: The Original Series (Season 3, Episode 24, 1969); and a 1994 novel by Robert B. Parker.
- All My Yesterdays: An Autobiography by actor Edward G. Robinson.
- The Way to Dusty Death is a 1973 novel by Alistair MacLean.
- Dusty Death, a 1931 novel of drug smuggling by Clifton Robbins.
Out, out, brief candle!
- "Out, Out—" is a 1916 poem by Robert Frost.
- Brief Candles is the title of a collection of short stories by the author Aldous Huxley.
Life is but a walking shadow, a poor player that struts and frets his hour upon the stage.
- Walking Shadow, published in 1994, is the 21st Spenser novel by Robert B. Parker.
- Struts & Frets is a 2009 novel by Jon Skovron
It is a tale told by an idiot, full of sound and fury, signifying nothing.
- The Sound and the Fury is a novel by William Faulkner.
- Sound and Fury is a 2000 documentary about deaf children.
- "Sound & Fury" was the name of Edward Vesala's ensemble.
- "Signifying Nothing" is the title of a short story in the 1999 collection Brief Interviews with Hideous Men, by David Foster Wallace.
- Kevin Costner's unnamed character from The Postman recites this while he is putting on a one man performance of Macbeth at the village in the opening act in exchange for food and supplies. He is continuously corrected by one of the villagers when he misquotes several lines, seemingly intentional in spite of the corrections.
- Minister Zhang from Mr. Robot quotes the speech in an episode titled "Logic Bomb".
- In the movie Birdman by Alejandro González Iñárritu, the entire monologue is recited by a jobless actor in the street.
- In the video game Saints Row IV, the main antagonist Zinyak recites the soliloquy in its entirety, save for the first sentence.
- The mis-quote "creeps on this petty pace" is used by the Sopranos character Johnny Sack in the season four finale when complaining to Tony Soprano over Johnny's working relationship with his boss.
- In Doctor Who and the Revenge of the Cybermen (episode 4) the Doctor, having destroyed a cyberman using a cybermat, declaims before the body: "...dusty death. Out, out..." – he is heard no more as Sarah Jane Smith hurries him from the room.
- In the Cosby Show episode, Theo and Cockroach, after Cliff and Clair discover Theo and Cockroach studying for a Macbeth test using only "Cleland Notes" and subtly remind them of the folly of relying only on Cleland Notes to prepare for any test or lesson, Clair leaves them alone, reciting the "tomorrow and tomorrow and tomorrow" line as she walks out, which causes them to stop and become a little uneasy. Theo wonders out loud if the passage was from Macbeth and Cockroach assures him it couldn't be because it wasn't in the Cleland Notes. (Actually, the Cliffs Notes version of Macbeth does mention the passage.)
- Marilyn Manson recites part of the soliloquy in the song "Overneath the Path of Misery" and in the short film Born Villain (2011).
- Hamilton uses the third and fourth lines of the section in the song "Take a Break".
- In the video game Death Stranding, the player can unlock a journal written by the main antagonist Higgs Monaghan lamenting his defeat, which paraphrases the end of the monologue.
- The Star Trek: The Next Generation episode "Hide and Q" (S01 E10, 1987-11-23) uses this quote.
- ESPN SportsCenter anchor Stuart Scott frequently used the last two lines as a catch phrase to describe sports highlights.
- Neil Gaiman's The Sandman, episode 7 is titled "Sound and Fury". It's the conclusion of an arc where classic villain Dr. Destiny attempts to claim a power not meant for mortal men.
- In the Venture Bros. episode "Tag Sale -- You're It!" the villain The Monarch references the last two lines after a visit to a porta-potty.
- The 2021 Indian Bengali language crime thriller web series Mandaar is a loose adaptation of Shakespeare's Macbeth in which the lead protagonist utters a modified version of the soliloquy in the last episode of the series.
|Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
- Andersen, Richard (2009). Macbeth. Marshall Cavendish. p. 104.
- Platou, Arnold S. (March 31, 2003). "Harry Warner's parallel universe". The Herald-Mail. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
- Robinson, Edward G.; Spigelgass, Leonard (1973). All my yesterdays; an autobiography. Internet Archive. New York, Hawthorn Books.
- "Brief Interviews with Hideous Men", Wikipedia, 2020-10-28, retrieved 2021-01-02
- "Take a Break Lyrics". lyrics.com. Retrieved 2018-12-23.