Toney Mountain

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Toney Mountain
Richmond Peak
Aerial view of Toney Mountain from the east.
Highest point
Elevation 3,595 m (11,795 ft) [1]
Prominence 1,946 m (6,385 ft) [1]
Listing Ultra
Coordinates 75°48′S 115°49′W / 75.800°S 115.817°W / -75.800; -115.817Coordinates: 75°48′S 115°49′W / 75.800°S 115.817°W / -75.800; -115.817
Toney Mountain is located in Antarctica
Toney Mountain
Toney Mountain
Location Marie Byrd Land, Antarctica
Age of rock Pleistocene to Holocene[2]
Mountain type Shield volcano
Last eruption Unknown

Toney Mountain is an elongated snow-covered shield volcano, 60 km (38 mi) long and rising to 3,595 m in Richmond Peak, located 56 km (35 mi) SW of Kohler Range in Marie Byrd Land, Antarctica. A 3 km-wide summit caldera tops the volcano and a sample from there yielded a potassium-argon date of 500,000 years ago.[2] Holocene eruptions may have also occurred at Toney Mountain as indicated by 30 kyr ash layers in ice cores from Byrd Station.[2]

Toney Mountain was probably among those viewed from a distance by Admiral Byrd and others of the USAS in plane flights from the ship Bear in February 1940. It was mapped in December 1957 by the oversnow traverse party from Byrd Station to the Sentinel Range, 1957–58, led by C.R. Bentley who proposed the name. Named after George R. Toney, scientific leader at Byrd Station in 1957, a participant in several Antarctic and Arctic operations, serving in both field and administrative capacities.

Topographic map of Toney Mountain (1:250,000 scale).

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Antarctica Ultra-Prominences" Listed as "Richmond Peak (Toney Mtn.)". Retrieved 2012-09-06.
  2. ^ a b c "Toney Mountain". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. 

External links[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Geological Survey document "Toney Mountain" (content from the Geographic Names Information System).