Tradescantia buckleyi

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Tradescantia buckleyi

Vulnerable (NatureServe)[1]
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Commelinales
Family: Commelinaceae
Genus: Tradescantia
Species: T. buckleyi
Binomial name
Tradescantia buckleyi
(I.M.Johnst.) D.R.Hunt[2]
Synonyms
  • Setcreasea brevifolia var. buckleyi (I.M.Johnst.) Faruqi & K.L.Mehra[3]
  • Setcreasea brevifolia var. nanella Faruqi & K.L.Mehra[4]
  • Setcreasea brevifolia var. pulchella Faruqi & K.L.Mehra[5]
  • Setcreasea buckleyi I.M.Johnst.
  • Tradescantia speciosa Buckley[6]

Tradescantia buckleyi, commonly known as Buckley's spiderwort,[7] is a species of flowering plant in the dayflower family, Commelinaceae. It is native to southern Texas in the United States as well as northern Tamaulipas in Mexico.[8] The specific name honours Samuel Botsford Buckley (1809-1884), who collected the type specimen near Corpus Christi, Texas.[9]

Description[edit]

T. buckleyi is a perennial with trailing,[10] loosely branched stems up to 50 cm in length. The succulent, elliptic leaves are spirally arranged and may reach 12 × 3.5 cm.[8] Their color ranges from dark green to purplish.[11] Roots are tuberous, tufted,[8] and can form at nodes.[12] Inflorescences are terminal and pedunculate, with peduncles measuring 3-5.5 cm. The bracts resemble primary leaves but are smaller. Flowers are subsessile and have pedicels 0.7-0.8 cm in length. Petals are pale pink to white, measure 1 cm, and are clawed. The claws are basally connate and form a tube. The stamens are epipetalous and have bearded filaments and broad, orange connectives. The ovary is densely bearded. Capsules are subglobose, 3.5 mm in diameter, and contain seeds measuring 2–3 mm. The plant is glabrous aside from its pubescent capsules, sparsely pilose sepals, and slightly hairy pedicels. Blooming takes place from February to May.[8]

Synonyms[edit]

  • Setcreasea brevifolia var. buckleyi (I.M.Johnst.) Faruqi & K.L.Mehra[3]
  • Setcreasea brevifolia var. nanella Faruqi & K.L.Mehra[4]
  • Setcreasea brevifolia var. pulchella Faruqi & K.L.Mehra[5]
  • Setcreasea buckleyi I.M.Johnst.
  • Tradescantia speciosa Buckley[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tradescantia buckleyi - (I.M. Johnston) D.R. Hunt Buckley's Spiderwort". NatureServe Explorer. NatureServe. 2001-03-22. Retrieved 2013-03-27. 
  2. ^ "Tradescantia buckleyi". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2013-03-27. 
  3. ^ a b "Setcreasea brevifolia var. buckleyi (I.M.Johnst.) Faruqi & K.L.Mehra". eMonocot. Retrieved 2013-03-27. 
  4. ^ a b "Setcreasea brevifolia var. nanella Faruqi & K.L.Mehra". eMonocot. Retrieved 2013-03-27. 
  5. ^ a b "Setcreasea brevifolia var. pulchella Faruqi & K.L.Mehra". eMonocot. Retrieved 2013-03-27. 
  6. ^ a b "Tradescantia buckleyi Buckley's Spiderwort". Encyclopedia of Life. Retrieved 2013-03-27. 
  7. ^ "Tradescantia buckleyi". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 14 December 2015. 
  8. ^ a b c d "Tradescantia buckleyi (I. M. Johnston) D. R. Hunt, Kew Bull. 30: 451. 1975." Flora of North America. eFloras.org. Retrieved 2013-03-27. 
  9. ^ "Type? of Tradescantia speciosa Buckley [family COMMELINACEAE]". JSTOR Plant Science. JSTOR. 2010-02-22. Retrieved 2013-03-27. 
  10. ^ Richardson, Alfred (1995). Plants of the Rio Grande Delta. University of Texas Press. p. 45. ISBN 9780292785946. 
  11. ^ Turner, Billie Lee (December 2006). "Texas Species of Tradescantia (Commelinaceae)" (PDF). Phytologia. 88 (3): 312–329. 
  12. ^ Burns Moriuchi, Jean (2006). "Appendix B". A Comparison of Invasive and Noninvasive Commelinaceae in a Phylogenetic Context (PDF) (Ph.D.). Florida State University. Retrieved 2013-03-28. 

External links[edit]