Corpus Christi, Texas
||It has been suggested that Corpus Christi Fire Department be merged into this article. (Discuss) Proposed since May 2016.|
|Corpus Christi, Texas|
|City of Corpus Christi|
Night photo of Downtown Corpus Christi from the Harbor Bridge
|Nickname(s): Sparkling City by the Sea, The Real Windy City|
Location in the state of Texas
|Country||United States of America|
|Counties||Nueces, Kleberg, San Patricio, Aransas|
|• City Council||Mayor Nelda Martinez
Rudy Garza, Jr.
|• City Manager||Ronald L. Olson|
|• City||460.2 sq mi (1,192.0 km2)|
|• Land||154.6 sq mi (400.5 km2)|
|• Water||305.6 sq mi (791.5 km2)|
|Elevation||7 ft (2 m)|
|• Estimate (2014)||320,434|
|• Rank||US: 58th|
|• Density||1,900.3/sq mi (733.7/km2)|
|• Metro||442,600(114th U.S.)|
|• CSA||516,793 (87th)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC–6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC–5)|
|ZIP codes||78401, 78402, 78404, 78405, 78406, 78407, 78408, 78409, 78410, 78411, 78412, 78413, 78414, 78415, 78416, 78417, 78418|
|GNIS feature ID||1333380|
|Website||Corpus Christi Official Website|
Corpus Christi (/ /), is a coastal city in the South Texas region of the U.S. state of Texas. The county seat of Nueces County, it also extends into Aransas, Kleberg, and San Patricio Counties. The city's political boundaries encompass Nueces Bay and Corpus Christi Bay. Its zoned boundaries include small land parcels or water inlets of three neighboring counties.
The city's population was estimated to be 320,434 in 2014, making it the eighth-most populous city in Texas. The Corpus Christi metropolitan area had an estimated population of 442,600. The city is also the hub of the six-county Corpus Christi-Kingsville-Alice Combined Statistical Area, with a 2013 estimated population of 516,793. The Port of Corpus Christi is the fifth-largest in the United States. The region is served by the Corpus Christi International Airport.
The city's name (Corpus Christi) in Latin means Body of Christ. The name was given to the settlement and surrounding bay by Spanish explorer Alonso Álvarez de Pineda in 1519, as he discovered the lush semitropical bay on the Catholic feast day of Corpus Christi. The city has been nicknamed "Texas Riviera" and "Sparkling City by the Sea", particularly featured in tourist literature.
- 1 History
- 2 Geology
- 3 Geography
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Culture
- 7 Sports
- 8 Parks and recreation
- 9 Government
- 10 Education
- 10.1 Colleges and universities
- 10.2 Schools
- 10.3 Corpus Christi Independent School District
- 10.4 Flour Bluff Independent School District
- 10.5 West Oso Independent School District
- 10.6 Tuloso-Midway Independent School District
- 10.7 Calallen Independent School District
- 10.8 London Independent School District
- 10.9 Private/Charter/Other
- 10.10 Libraries
- 11 Transportation
- 12 Notable people
- 13 Gallery
- 14 Sister cities
- 15 See also
- 16 References
- 17 Further reading
- 18 External links
Corpus Christi was founded in 1839 by Colonel Henry Lawrence Kinney as Kinney's Trading Post, or Kinney's Ranch. It was a small trading post that sold supplies to a Mexican revolutionary army camped about 25 mi (40 km) west. In July 1845, U.S. troops commanded by General Zachary Taylor set up camp there in preparation for war with Mexico, where they remained until March 1846. About a year later, the settlement was named Corpus Christi and was incorporated on 9 September 1852.
The Battle of Corpus Christi was fought between August 12 and August 18, 1862, during the American Civil War. United States Navy forces blockading Texas fought a small land and sea engagement with Confederate forces in and around Corpus Christi Bay and bombarded the city. Union forces defeated Confederate States Navy ships operating in the area, but were repulsed when they landed on the coast.
The 1919 Storm devastated the city, killing hundreds on September 14. Only three structures survived the storm on North Beach. To protect the city, the seawall was built. The city also suffered damage from Hurricane Celia in 1970 and Hurricane Allen in 1980, but little damage from Hurricane Ike in 2008.
- In November 1873, seven Mexican shepherds were lynched by a mob near the city. The crime was never solved.
- In February 1929, the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) was founded in Corpus Christi. This organization was created to battle racial discrimination against Hispanic people in the United States. Since its founding, LULAC has grown and now has a national headquarters in Washington, D.C.
- In March 1949, the American GI Forum (AGIF) was founded in Corpus Christi. Currently, AGIF focuses on veteran's issues, education, and civil rights issues. This organization was founded after concerns over the segregation of Mexican-American veterans from other veterans groups and the denial of medical services based on race by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs.
- Cisneros v. Corpus Christi Independent School District (1970) was the first case to extend the U.S. Supreme Court's Brown v. the Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas decision (1954) to Mexican Americans. It recognized them as a minority group that could be and was frequently discriminated against. Such segregation and discrimination was ruled unconstitutional. Judge Woodrow Seals found that the school board consciously fostered a system that perpetuated traditional segregation. This included a system that bused Anglo students to schools out of their neighborhoods, renovated old schools in black and Mexican-American neighborhoods rather than building new ones, assigned black and Hispanic teachers to segregated schools, and limited hiring of such teachers at other schools; the school board also lacked a majority-to-minority busing system.
Corpus Christi is situated on fluvial deposits that are of Holocene - Pleistocene age. Although no solidified rock occurs naturally, the Deweyville Formation of sand, silt, clay, and gravel, is locally indurated with calcium carbonate (caliche) deposits.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Corpus Christi has a total area of 460.2 square miles (1,192.0 km2), of which 154.6 mi2 (400.5 km2, 33.60%) is land and 305.6 mi2 (791.5 km2, 66.40%) is covered by water. Drinking water for the city is supplied by two reservoirs, Lake Corpus Christi, the Choke Canyon Reservoir, and Lake Texana. Through an effective regional partnership with the Nueces River Authority and the Port of Corpus Christi Authority, a 101 mi (163 km) pipeline was built which transports water from Lake Texana to the city's O.N. Stevens Water Treatment Plant. It was named the Mary Rhodes Pipeline, after the late mayor. A phase 2 of the pipeline is underway to draw water from the Colorado River. All reservoirs are outside the city limits, but Lake Corpus Christi and Choke Canyon Reservoir are managed directly by the public utility of the City of Corpus Christi. To support future water needs, plans are being completed to build a desalinization plant.
Since its founding, the city has annexed nearby lands and waters for growth and development purposes. The original area encompassed several city blocks in current-day downtown Corpus Christi with the majority of city expansion occurring in the twentieth century.
- Flour Bluff
- South Side
- North Beach
- Mustang Island
- North Padre Island
- West Texas Lake
The city has a humid subtropical climate, with hot summers and very short, mild winters. In the months from November through February the weather is the coolest. There is a noticeable warming trend in which March through April is fairly warm. The warmest part of the year in Corpus Christi is June through September with August being the peak of summer. October in the city is very pleasant while still warm but not as hot as the summer months. Corpus Christi is very windy, with wind speeds often reaching to 25 miles per hour (40 km/h) with gusts reaching more than 35 miles per hour (56 km/h). The city's record high temperature is 109 °F (43 °C), on September 5, 2000. Average night-time winter lows in January, the coldest month, are a little less than 50 °F (10 °C) and its record low is 11 °F (−12 °C). In December 2004, the city experienced snowfall on Christmas Eve, the city's largest recorded snowstorm at 4.4 inches (11 cm). The snow melted the day after Christmas. Because of the uniqueness of the event, three separate books were made documenting the event, Snow, More Snow, and More Snow for Kids, all with the theme of the South Texas Christmas miracle.
|Climate data for Corpus Christi, Texas (Corpus Christi Int'l), 1981–2010 normals|
|Record high °F (°C)||91
|Average high °F (°C)||66.9
|Daily mean °F (°C)||57.1
|Average low °F (°C)||47.2
|Record low °F (°C)||14
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||1.54
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||7.1||6.5||5.3||5.3||6.0||6.8||5.7||6.5||8.8||6.3||6.0||6.4||76.6|
|Average relative humidity (%)||60.5||78.0||76.0||76.0||77.5||80.0||78.5||75.0||74.5||75.5||73.5||74.0||78.0|
|Source #1: NOAA (extremes 1887–present)|
|Source #2: HKO (sun, 1961−1990)|
2010 Census data
In 2012, Corpus Christi was ranked as the second least literate city in the U.S. in a study by Central Connecticut State University 
According to the 2010 Census, 80.9% of Corpus Christi's population was White; 4.3% was African American; 1.8% Asian; 0.1% Pacific Islander; 10.4% of some other race; and 2.5% of two or more races. About 62.23% of Corpus Christi's population was of Hispanic or Latino origin, of any race,.
2000 Census data
At the census of 2000, 277,454 people, 98,791 households, and 70,437 families resided in the city. The population density was 1,794.2 people per square mile (692.7/km2). The 107,831 housing units averaged 697.3 per square mile (269.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 71.62% White, 4.67% African American, 0.64% Native American, 1.28% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 18.58% from other races, and 3.13% from two or more races. Hispanics of any race were 54.33% of the population.
Of the 98,791 households, 36.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.9% were married couples living together, 15.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.7% were not families. About 23.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.27.
In the city, the population was distributed as 28.1% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males.
The median income for a family was $41,672. Males had a median income of $31,863 versus $22,616 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,419. About 14.1% of families and 17.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.9% of those under age 18 and 15.5% of those age 65 or over.
The majority of the population is employed in the services, wholesale and retail trades, and government sectors. Corpus Christi has an unemployment rate of 7.0% as of July 2012.
The Port of Corpus Christi, which is the fifth-largest U.S. port and deepest inshore port on the Gulf of Mexico, handles mostly oil and agricultural products. Much of the local economy is driven by tourism and the oil and petrochemicals industry. In 2005, the port was ranked as the 47th-largest in the world by cargo tonnage.
Corpus Christi is home to Naval Air Station Corpus Christi providing 6,200 civilian jobs to the local economy, making it the single largest employer in the city. Corpus Christi Army Depot, located on NAS Corpus Christi, is the largest helicopter repair facility in the world. Additionally located on NAS Corpus Christi is the United States Coast Guard Sector/Air Station Corpus Christi.
Corpus Christi is the original home of the headquarters of Whataburger, a fast-food restaurant operator and franchiser with 650 stores in 10 states and Mexico; however, the company relocated its headquarters to San Antonio in 2009. Other large employers include CHRISTUS Spohn Health System at 5,400 local employees, the Corpus Christi Independent School District with 5,178, H-E-B at 5,000, and Bay Ltd. at 2,100. Other companies based in Corpus Christi include Stripes Convenience Stores and AEP Texas.
Corpus Christi became the first major city to offer city-wide free wi-fi in April 2005  to allow remote meter reading after a meter reader was attacked by a dog. In 2007, the network was purchased by Earthlink for $5.5 million, and stopped being a free service on May 31, 2007.
Various sections of Corpus Christi maintain distinct senses of identity and community from the city proper, especially the Calallen and Flour Bluff areas. Clarkwood and Annaville have a less prominent sense of identity, but the distinction remains. These areas are sometimes mistakenly believed to be separate municipalities.
The city has many demographic groups, ethnicities, and subcultures, each giving it a distinct flavor: the defense bases and the people who work there; the large Hispanic community; the oil-related professionals and workers; the cowboy culture; and the surfers.
In 2015, Men's Health magazine ranked Corpus Christi as the fattest city in the United States, renaming it "Corpulent Christi". Obesity and Diabetes rank 2nd and 3rd in the nation, respectively, along with the fact that the city ranks extremely high in the lack of physical activity and the number of fast food restaurants.
The city is home to a number of popular destinations for both tourists and residents. The official visitor and tourism information organization is the Corpus Christi Convention and Visitors Bureau. Some of the most visited attractions are located on North Beach, where the Texas State Aquarium and the USS Lexington Museum on the Bay are located.
The USS Lexington was also part of the set for the 2000 film Pearl Harbor. Corpus Christi's museum district is located near the USS Lexington. Some attractions located in the museum district are the Museum of Asian Cultures, the Corpus Christi Museum of Science and History, the South Texas Institute for the Arts, and the Harbor Playhouse Theatre, one of the oldest continually operating community theatres in Texas. Heritage Park is also in the museum district, where a number of older restored houses can be found. The downtown area, of which the museum district is a part, is home to skyscrapers such as One Shoreline Plaza, company offices, various shops, a very popular center of marinas, and Mirador de la Flor. Downtown also is home of the Texas Surf Museum, which explores the history of surfing and focuses on surf culture along Texas' 367-mile (591 km) coast, as well as K Space Contemporary, a nonprofit art organization promoting and presenting local, regional, and national contemporary art.
The Corpus Christi Botanical Gardens and Nature Center, also located in the city, hosts gardening programs from time to time. On Oso Bay near the Pharaoh Valley subdivision is the Hans and Pat Suter Wildlife Refuge. The refuge is known for seabird-watching. The nearby Pharaohs golf course also serves as a haven for coastal and migratory birds.
Directly east of Corpus Christi are Padre Island and Mustang Island, home to various municipal, state, and national parks, most notably the Padre Island National Seashore. The city is also near King Ranch, one of the world's largest ranches, upon which the movie Giant was based.
The city also celebrates the annual Buccaneer Days Carnival, which is typically held downtown.
S. Padre Island Drive (locally abbreviated as "S.P.I.D.", with the letters pronounced individually), is the city's main retail corridor, with two shopping malls, La Palmera (formerly Padre Staples Mall), and Sunrise Mall. Also, a number of other large shopping centers, small strip centers, and restaurants can be found throughout the city.
Corpus Christi also is the home of Midget Ocean Racing Fleet, also known as MORF, which promotes sailing in the Coastal Bend. The Wednesday night races held by MORF are the longest-running weekly races in the United States.
Films made in Corpus Christi
|1979||Tilt||Brooke Shields, Charles Durning|
|1985||The Legend of Billie Jean||Christian Slater, Helen Slater|
|1985||Target||Gene Hackman, Matt Dillon|
|1991||Knight Rider 2000||David Hasselhoff, Edward Mulhare|
|2001||Pearl Harbor||Ben Affleck, Josh Hartnett|
|2005||The King||Gael Garcia Bernal|
|2009||The Open Road||Justin Timberlake, Jeff Bridges|
The city is home to the Corpus Christi IceRays of the North American Hockey League, the Corpus Christi Hooks of the Texas League, and the Corpus Christi Fury of American Indoor Football. Sailing races are held weekly off downtown's T-heads every Wednesday, where spectators watch vessels competing during sunset. Corpus Christi is also home to the Corpus Christi Rugby Football Club, which is a member of the Texas Rugby Union, an affiliate of the Western Rugby Union and of the United States Rugby Football Union.
|Corpus Christi Hooks||Baseball||Texas League||Whataburger Field||1968(Relocated in 2005)||1(2006)|
|Corpus Christi IceRays||Ice hockey||NAHL||American Bank Center||2001(Relocated in 2010)||0|
|Corpus Christi Fury||Indoor football||AIF||American Bank Center||2003||1(2014)|
|Corpus Christi Crabs||Rugby||TRU||Dewey's||1973||N/A|
Parks and recreation
The city's location beside Corpus Christi Bay, the Gulf of Mexico, and Laguna Madre provides opportunities for water sports and nature tourism. Waterfowl hunting is available in the region for duck, geese, coot, and teal. White-winged dove and mourning dove are also hunted on private leases. The brushland inland from Corpus Christi is also ideal for hunting feral hogs and white-tailed deer.
Fishing is a popular recreational activity in Corpus Christi. Popular fishing activities include fishing from various piers around Corpus Christi Bay, wade fishing in Oso Bay, and fishing from the Gulf of Mexico at Packery Channel or at Bob Hall Pier.
The city has one of the highest average wind speeds of coastal cities in North America. Combined with the Bay Front area along Ocean Drive, making the city an important destination for wind sports such as kite boarding, wind surfing, kite flying, and sailing. In 1990, Corpus Christi hosted the Windsurfing World Championships.
The Corpus Christi Skate Park opened on February 17, 2007. It is located in Cole Park on the shoreline of the Corpus Christi Bay near downtown. The 12,000-square-foot (1,100 m2) concrete park includes a skating bowl and a street course with stairs, railings, and flat surfaces.
Being a coastal city, Corpus Christi is a good spot for seabird watching. Popular spots include Blucher Park in downtown, the Hans and Pat Suter Wildlife Refuge along Oso Bay, Hazel Bazemore County Park along the Nueces River in Calallen, and the South Texas Botanic Garden and Nature Center along the Oso Creek.
In 1852, the City of Corpus Christi was incorporated. Texas' 31st Legislature chartered the city as a political and corporate municipal entity in 1909. By ordinance, the city possesses power to "fix, alter and extend its boundaries."
Corpus Christi is under a council-manager municipal government. The elected city council is the primary authority in municipal matters such as enacting local legislation, determining policies, and appointing the city manager. Together, the city council and city manager execute laws and administer the municipal government. Organized by governmental sectors of city council, city management, city secretary, and several city departments, Corpus Christi is seated in Nueces County. The city council currently consists of these elected members:
- Mayor Nelda Martinez
- Chad Magill At Large
- Mark Scott At Large
- Michael Hunter At Large
- Carolyn Vaughn District 1
- Brian Rosas District 2
- Lucy Rubio District 3
- Colleen McIntyre District 4
- Rudy Garza, Jr District 5
Corpus Christi City Manager Ronald L. Olson was appointed in March 2011, and works alongside Assistant City Managers Margie C. Rose (general government), Oscar Martinez (public works and utilities), Susan K. Thorpe (safety, health, and neighborhoods), and Wesley S. Pierson (business support services). The city's Intergovernmental Relations department is under the direction of Tom Tagliabue. Appointed by the city council, Armando Chapa serves as the city secretary.
The Corpus Christi City Charter was adopted by public referendum in 1987, with amendments to the entire charter conducted January 19, 1991, and April 3, 1993. Further revisions to the charter were conducted on November 2, 2004, and November 7, 2006. The charter consists of 10 articles and 41 sections regarding stipulations of home rule government, city council and city manager procedures, administration, planning, boards and commissions, etc. The Code of Ordinances of Corpus Christi was codified through Ordinance No. 028493, and adopted Feb. 23, 2010.
State and federal representation
Colleges and universities
Corpus Christi is home to several institutions of higher learning: Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi, Del Mar College, Saint Leo University-Corpus Christi and numerous vocational schools, including Southern Careers Institute, South Texas Vo-Tech, Career Centers of Texas-Corpus Christi, and Vogue Cosmetology School. The city is also home to the South Texas School of Christian Studies located on Ward Island alongside Texas A&M-Corpus Christi. The school serves as an extension campus on the undergraduate level for Hardin Simmons University and on the graduate level for Logsdon Seminary of Hardin-Simmons.
Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi is a component of the Texas A&M University System. It was formerly known as Corpus Christi State University, Texas A&I University at Corpus Christi, and University of Corpus Christi.
Saint Leo University Corpus Christi Education Center is located at Corpus Christi's Naval Air Station.
Del Mar College is a local community college begun in the 1940s at a location behind Wynn Seale Jr. High School. The main campus began with the administration building, which was constructed after World War II on Del Mar. The college grew to encompass a good portion of a residential addition called Southmoreland built from the Bohemian farm lands in the late 1930s. Del Mar now includes a west campus located in area of Corpus Christi that once was Cliff Maus Airport.
Southern Careers Institute offers career training at two Corpus Christi locations, primarily in the medical, business, and cosmetology fields.
In 2015, WalletHub ranked Corpus Christi near the bottom, 138 out of 150 cities in America, for its low educational level and low income opportunities. In 2014, Time magazine ranked Corpus Christi the second least literate city in America. Time cited poor reading habits and literacy scores, low education attainment rates and the fact that less than one in five adults in Corpus Christi had at least a bachelor's degree in 2012, which was among the lowest ratios compared with other large cities.
Six school districts provide primary and secondary education for area residents: Corpus Christi Independent School District, Calallen ISD, Flour Bluff ISD, Tuloso-Midway ISD, West Oso ISD, and London ISD. The Roman Catholic Diocese of Corpus Christi provides the primary and secondary education for Catholic schools. Several Open Enrollment Charter Schools are in Corpus Christi. These public schools are: Accelerated Learning Center, Cesar E Chavez Academy, Corpus Christi College Preparatory HS, Corpus Christi Montessori School, Dr ML Garza-Gonzalez Charter School, GCCLR Institute of Technology, Premier HS of Corpus Christi, Richard Milburn Academy, School of Science and Technology, Seashore Learning Center, and Seashore Middle Academy.
Corpus Christi Independent School District
- Mary Carroll High School
- Richard King High School
- Roy Miller High School
- Foy H. Moody High School Health Science Academy
- W. B. Ray High School
- Collegiate High School
- Solomon Coles High School
- Branch Academy for Career and Technical Education
- Veterans Memorial High School
- Marvin P. Baker Middle School
- Tom Browne Middle School
- Cullen Place Middle School
- Claude Cunningham Middle School
- Robert Driscoll Middle School
- Elliott Grant Middle School
- Carl O. Hamlin Middle School
- R. Haas Middle School
- Harold Kaffie Middle School
- Martin Middle School
- South Park Middle School
- Wynn Seale Academy of Fine Arts Magnet Middle School
- Allen Elementary School
- Barnes Elementary School
- Berlanga Elementary School
- Calk Elementary School
- Club Estates Elementary School
- Crockett Elementary School
- Dawson Elementary School
- Early Childhood Development Center
- Evans Elementary School
- Fannin Elementary School
- Galvan Elementary School
- Garcia Elementary School
- Gibson Elementary School
- Hicks Elementary School
- Houston Elementary School
- Jones Elementary School
- Kolda Elementary School
- Kostoryz Elementary School
- Los Encinos SES Elementary School
- Meadowbrook Elementary School
- Menger Elementary School
- Metropolitan Elementary School of Design
- Mireles Elementary School
- Montclair Elementary School
- Moore Elementary School
- Oak Park Elementary School
- Sanders Elementary School
- Schanen Estates Elementary School
- Shaw Elementary School
- Smith Elementary School
- Travis Elementary School
- Webb Elementary School
- Wilson Elementary School
- Windsor Park Elementary School
- Woodlawn Elementary School
- Yeager Elementary School
- Zavala Elementary School
- Student Learning and Guidance Center
- Mary Grett School
Flour Bluff Independent School District
West Oso Independent School District
- West Oso High School Grades 9-12
- West Oso Junior High School Grades 6-8
- West Oso Elementary Grades 2-5
- West Oso John F. Kennedy Elementary Grades Prekindergarten to 1
Tuloso-Midway Independent School District
- Tuloso-Midway High School
- Tuloso-Midway Middle School
- Tuloso-Midway Intermediate School
- Tuloso-Midway Primary School
- Tuloso-Midway Academic Career Center
Calallen Independent School District
- Calallen High School
- Calallen Middle School
- Magee Intermediate School (Grades prekindergarten and 4-5)
- East Primary School (Grades kindergarten-3)
- Wood River Primary School (Grades kindergarten-3)
London Independent School District
- London High School
- London Middle School
- London Elementary School
- John Paul II High School
- Corpus Christi Montessori School (grades 1-8)
- Incarnate Word Academy (K-12)
Libraries in the city include:
- Garcia, 5930 Brockhampton
- Ben F. McDonald, 4044 Greenwood
- Janet F. Harte, 2629 Waldron
- La Retama, 805 Comanche
- Owen R.Hopkins, 3202 McKinzie
- Neyland, 1230 Carmel Pkwy
- Nueces County Public Library in Robstown, Texas
- Mary and Jeff Bell Library at Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi
- Del Mar College Libraries
Corpus Christi is served by Corpus Christi International Airport and Interstate 37. Interstate 69E/U.S. Highway 77 connects the city to Brownsville and Victoria. Texas State Highway 44 is a main thoroughfare that connects Corpus Christi to Laredo and the western part of South Texas by way of Interstate 69W/U.S. Highway 59, Interstate 35, and U.S. Highway 83. The inner-city public transportation is provided by Corpus Christi Regional Transportation Authority with its 28 bus routes. Corpus Christi once had a streetcar system functioning from 1910 to 1931 and a railway station (passenger service ended in 1965). Despite the convenience of a large harbor, the city does not have a passenger port. Plans to bring a cruise service are pending.
Freight service from San Antonio to Corpus Christi is provided by the Union Pacific Railroad, but the original line, both freight and passenger, was the San Antonio, Uvalde and Gulf Railroad, which operated to Corpus Christi from 1913 to 1956. Then the SAU&G, or "The Sausage", as it was commonly called, was merged into the Missouri Pacific Railroad. It was subsequently procured by the Union Pacific.
- Interstate 37
- Interstate 69E; under construction & extension following US 77
- U.S. Highway 77
- U.S. Highway 181
- Texas State Highway 44
- Texas State Highway 286 (Crosstown Expressway)
- Texas State Highway 358 (North and South Padre Island Drive, locally referred to as N.P.I.D. and S.P.I.D. respectively)
- Texas State Highway 35
- Texas State Highway 361
- Texas State Highway 357
- Kevin Abstract, musician
- Amy Acuff, five-time Olympic high jumper
- Mike Adams, MLB pitcher for Philadelphia Phillies
- Barbara Barrie, actress
- Raymond Berry, NFL Hall of Famer
- Justin Brantly, NFL punter
- John A. Brieden, American Legion commander
- Tammie Brown, drag queen and musician
- Johnny Canales, TV host
- Dabney Coleman, actor
- Roger Creager, country music singer-songwriter
- Dr. Roberto Cruz, founder of the National Hispanic University
- Paula DeAnda, musician
- Tom DeLay, U.S. Congressman and House Majority Leader
- Carlos DeLuna, executed for murder, controversial conviction causing concerns about wrongful executions
- Helen Donath, opera singer
- Ramón H. Dovalina, college administrator and president
- Chet Edwards, U.S. Representative from Texas's 17th district
- Farrah Fawcett, actress and artist
- Blake Farenthold, current U.S. Representative from Texas 27th District
- Joe Bertram Frantz, historian
- David Freese, MLB player for the Los Angeles Angels
- Clint Gresham, Seattle Seahawks Long Snapper, Super Bowl Champion
- Stephanie Griest, author
- Jim Heath, musician known as the Reverend Horton Heat
- Burt Hooton, baseball pitcher
- Todd Ames Hunter, member of Texas House of Representatives, 1989-1997 and since January 2009
- Ernestine Jackson, actress and singer
- Bret Anthony Johnston, author of Corpus Christi: Stories
- Jeremy Jordan, Broadway performer
- Larry Kelm, NFL One of the original members the Texas A & M Wrecking Crew and a linebacker for the LA Rams & SF 49s.
- Mifflin Kenedy, rancher and businessman
- Ashley Kidd, world champion wakesurfer
- Brooks Kieschnick, baseball player
- Bobby Labonte, NASCAR Sprint Cup driver and 2000 champion
- Terry Labonte, NASCAR [Sprint Cup Series] driver and 1984 and 1996 champion
- Colleen LaRose, indicted in 2010 for trying to recruit Islamic terrorists to wage jihad
- Chris Layton, drummer for Stevie Ray Vaughan and Double Trouble
- Brian Leetch, NHL defenseman, born in Corpus Christi but grew up in Connecticut
- Danny Lohner, musician
- Eva Longoria, actress
- Allen Ludden, TV game show host
- Ramsey Luna, Mexican American boxer
- Terrence McNally, playwright
- Irlene Mandrell, musician, actress, model, sister of Barbara & Louise Mandrell
- Louise Mandrell, singer & entertainer, sister of Barbara & Irlene Mandrell
- Nina Mercedez, pornographic actress
- Victoria Moroles, actress
- Mitch Morris, actor
- Roger Narvaez, Mixed Martial Artist
- Joe Nixon, state representative from Houston, reared in Corpus Christi
- Larry Norman, musician and songwriter
- Todd Oldham, fashion designer
- Revilo P. Oliver, notorious 20th-century fascist and scholar
- Solomon P. Ortiz, U.S. Congressman, represented Corpus Christi for 28 years
- Jessie Pavelka, actor and model
- Jennifer Peña, Latin Pop and Tejano singer and actress
- Cliff Pennington, MLB player for the Oakland Athletics
- Paul Peress, drummer, composer, producer
- Lou Diamond Phillips, actor
- Billy Powell, keyboardist
- A.B. Quintanilla, singer, songwriter with Kumbia All Starz, Selena's older brother
- Suzette Quintanilla, drummer for Selena y Los Dinos, Selena's older sister
- Dody Roach, professional poker player, two-time World Series of Poker bracelet winner
- Johnny Roland, NFL player and coach
- Lester Roloff, radio evangelist
- Leslie Sanchez, political pundit
- Selena, Grammy- winning Tejano singer and songwriter
- Pepe Serna, actor
- Sid Sheinberg, ex-president of Universal Studios, helped make Jaws
- Bart Shirley, MLB player for Los Angeles Dodgers and New York Mets
- Robert Simpson, meteorologist and hurricane specialist
- Lori Singer, actress
- Marc Singer, actor
- Justin Storms, artist, musician
- Raul Torres, state representative from Nueces County
- Carlos Truan, politician
- George Conrad Westervelt, naval officer and engineer; cofounder of Boeing Corporation
- Don Williams, country and western singer
- Ryan & Erica Ojeda owners of OCS
A replica of Niña now on display the Corpus Christi Museum of Science and History.
Corpus Christi keeps a thriving and active relationship with these sister cities:
- List of mayors of Corpus Christi, Texas
- Nueces Hotel
- Old Bayview Cemetery
- Parkdale Plaza
- Texas State Aquarium
- Corpus Christi Museum of Science and History
- Oso Creek (Texas)
- "US Census change list". Census.gov. 2009-01-07. Retrieved 2010-05-22.
- "American FactFinder – Results". United States Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Corpus Christi, History, Historical, Interesting". Downtowncorpuschristi.com. Archived from the original on March 18, 2009. Retrieved 2010-05-22.
- "Official web site for City of Corpus Christi, Texas". Cctexas.com. Retrieved 2010-05-22.
- "MURPHY GIVENS: Storm of the century swept across North Beach".
- Carrigan, William D; Webb, Clive (20 February 2015). "When Americans Lynched Mexicans". The New York TImes.
- "CISNEROS V. CORPUS CHRISTI ISD". Texas State Historical Association. 12 June 2010. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
- "Mary Rhodes Pipeline Phase 2 Project Fact Sheet" (PDF). Retrieved 15 August 2015.
- "CORPUS CHRISTI MOVING NEARER CONSTRUCTION OF DESALINATION PLANT". Retrieved 16 August 2015.
- "City Annexation Map" (PDF). City of Corpus Christi. Retrieved 2 January 2015.
- "Snow: The South Texas Christmas Miracle 2004".
- "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2012-02-20.
- "Climatological Information for Corpus Christi, United States". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved 2011-01-24.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "factfinder.census.gov". United States Census. United States Census Bureau.
- "Corpus Christi, TX Economy at a Glance". Bls.gov. Retrieved 2012-08-30.
- "City of Corpus Christi CAFR" (PDF).
- Susser Holdings - About Us
- AEP Texas - Facts, Figures & Bios
- "Corpus Christi Texas Extends Free Wi-Fi".
- "EarthLink Dedicates Wi-Fi Network In Corpus Christi". Informationweek.com. Retrieved 2010-05-22.
- "America's 10 Fattest (and Leanest) Cities". Men's Health. Retrieved 2016-04-03.
- "Corpus Christi CVB Vacation Information". Visitcorpuschristitx.org. Retrieved 2010-05-22.
- Wind Average Data: University of Utah: http://www.met.utah.edu/jhorel/html/wx/climate/windavg.html
- "birding hot spots". Retrieved 16 August 2015.
- Citgo Online GrayBook, Corpus Christi.
- "." City Government Website for the city of Corpus Christi, Texas. Retrieved on Dec 9, 2015.
- "." City Government Website for the city of Corpus Christi, Texas. Retrieved on Jun 1, 2013.
- "Corpus Christi City Charter." City Charter, Official Website of Corpus Christi Retrieved on March 29, 2010.
- "Municipal Code." Code of Ordinances of Corpus Christi Retrieved on March 29, 2010.
- "Contact Information." Thirteenth Eleventh Court of Appeals. Retrieved on March 10, 2010.
- "Parole Division Region IV." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 21, 2010.
- "Post Office Location - CORPUS CHRISTI." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 21, 2010.
- "2015's Most and Least Educated Cities". WalletHub. Retrieved 2016-04-03.
- "The 5 Least Literate Cities in America". TIME.com. Retrieved 2016-04-03.
- Corpus Christi Public Libraries
- TexShare Card Program - Patron Information Page. Accessed 7 April 2009.
- "Nancy Beck Young, "San Antonio, Uvalde and Gulf Railroad Company"". Texas State Historical Association on-line. Retrieved April 28, 2013.
- "Hugh Hemphill, "San Antonio Uvalde and Gulf Railroad"". txtransportationmuseum.org. Retrieved April 28, 2013.
- "Sister Cities". Sister Cities Committee Of Corpus Christi. Retrieved 4 March 2014.
- Lessoff, Alan. Where Texas Meets the Sea: Corpus Christi and Its History (University of Texas Press, 2015) 360 pp.
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