Transport in Kiev

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Kiev, the capital of Ukraine, has an extensive and rapidly developing transportation infrastructure serving local public needs and facilitating external passenger and cargo traffic.

Local public transport[edit]

Unofficial transit map of Kyiv featuring urban rail, metro, tram, bus and trolleybus routes
Kyivsmartcard

Public transportation includes the Kiev Metro (underground), buses, trolleybuses, trams and a funicular. All the transport operated by Kyivpastrans, besides metro. The city's first references to public transportation date back to the 1880s, when the city introduced omnibuses and was looking for investment in horse-drawn trams. The most popular means of public transport are the metro and marshrutkas (mini- or midibuses). The Kiev Tramway, the oldest in Eastern Europe, was for long time being replaced by buses and trolleybuses however the trend is partially being reversed with the redevelopment of the Kyiv Fast Tram as well planned investments on the classic tram network.

Kiev Metro[edit]

The publicly owned and operated system is a fast, convenient and affordable network covering most of the city. The metro is expanding towards the city limits to meet growing demand.

The Kiev Metro is the city’s primary mode of intracity transportation. It was the first rapid transit system in Ukraine, and the third in the USSR (after Moscow and St Petersburg). The system has three lines, with a total length of 66.1 kilometres (41.1 miles), and 51 stations. The metro carries an average of 1.422 million passengers daily,[1] 38 percent of Kiev's public transport. In 2011, the total number of trips exceeded 519 million. The metro has one of the deepest stations in the world: Arsenalna, at 105.5 m or 346 ft.[2]

Fares[edit]

There are no tickets for a time in Kyiv. Each ride should be payed in each bus/bus/trolleybus/tram/metro. Passengers can pay for their ride by Kyivsmartcard (e-ticket) or qr-code. It is possible to buy qr-codes in internet and just validate it from smartphone screen or buy it in ticket machine.

In municipal buses, trams and trollebuses operated by Kyivpastrans one ride cost from 6.50 hrivnas to 8.00 hrn. These prices is the same in the metro.

Blue mass-transit train pulling into a station
Metro train at the depot

1 ride - 8 hrn. (qr-code or Kyivsmartcard)

10 rides - 7.70 hrn (by Kyivsmartcard)

50 rides - 6.50 hrn (by Kyivsmartcard)

The penalty for a ticketless fare is 160 hrivnas.

One Kyivsmartcard cost 50 hrivnas and should be activated before use it.

Routes from airports and stations.[edit]

Passangers can get from Zhuliany (Kyiv airport) by trolleybus #9 to Central railway station and Palats Sportu (center of the city).

Trolleybus#16 in Maidan Nezalezhnosti operated by Kyivpastrans.

One of the most popular and useful routes for a tourists is a bus #24 (24A in weekend and holidays) from Central railway station - Khreshchatyk str - European Square - to Kiev Pechersk Lavra. This route operates by air-conditioning buses.

Passangers can get from Boryspil airport by train operated by Ukrzaliznytsia. One ride cost 80 hrivnas. The tickets are available in ticket machines in airport and from train conductor.

Kyivpastrans

Kyivpastrans operates the Kiev Tramway, some city buses, all trolleybuses and the funicular but not the metro. The Kiev Urban Electric Train is a joint project of Kyivpastrans and Ukrzaliznytsia. Kyivpastrand doesn't operate little private minibuses (marshrutkas). Only some routes.

River transport[edit]

Panoramic view of Kiev riverfront, with boats and a bridge
Port of Kiev

The previously extensive Kiev River Port riverboat service along the Dnieper River with the Meteor and Raketa hydrofoil ships is no longer available, limiting Kiev's river transport to cargo and tour boats and private pleasure craft.

Road[edit]

Bridge photographed from pedestrian lane
Pivnichnyi Bridge over the Dnieper

Kiev is a crossing point for many of Ukraine's main roads. The focal point of the Ukrainian national-road system, Kiev is linked by road to many Ukraine's principal cities. The M05 (linking Kiev with Odessa) and the M06 (linking the city with Chop) have been reconstructed.

Highway with light poles and billboards
Section of the E95- M05 highway near Kiev

Without a grade-separated ring road, Kiev has two urban bypass routes. The Central Ring (Small Bypass Road) comprises a number of interconnecting, high-capacity roads encircling the city centre, with a full circular route on both banks of the Dnieper, and is congested at rush hour. A Big Bypass Road has no river crossings, and is confined to the city's right bank. Despite this, it reduces traffic in the city centre.

Plans exist for a grade-separated ring road around Kiev known as KKAD (ККАД, the Kiev Automotive Ring Road). As of 2011 construction had not begun, although prime minister Mykola Azarov promised that future state budgets would include funding for the ring road[3] (the cost of which was estimated in 2007 at $5–5.5 billion).[4] Construction was planned to begin in 2012.[5]

Two blue traction-railway trains
Kiev funicular

Many Kiev roads are in bad condition, and maintenance is poor. According to Kyivavtodor (the municipal road corporation), 80 percent of the city's road surfaces have been in use for 15 to 30 years, 1.5 to 3 times more than the standard 12-year lifespan.[6]

All public road transport in Kiev is operated by Kyivpastrans.[7] Some passenger groups (including pensioners) receive free service. The Kiev public-transport system uses a simple tariff system, regardless of distance traveled; ground-transportation tickets must be purchased each time a vehicle is boarded. Discount passes are available for students. Monthly passes, good for 60 rides, are available for combinations of public transportation: metro, bus, trolley and tram. Privately owned minibuses (marshrutkas) cover smaller residential streets with convenient routes. Minibuses take fewer passengers, run faster, stop on demand and have greater availability. Fares and routes of private minibuses are regulated by the city government.

Black-and-yellow bus in traffic
Kyiv municipal bus on route 114. Operated by Kyivpastrans (municipal)

The taxi market in Kiev is poorly regulated (in particular, the fare per kilometer) and there is brisk competition among private companies. Many allow the scheduling of a pickup by telephone. Private citizens with cars provide taxi service on an ad hoc basis, generally by picking up people hailing a cab. Traffic congestion and a lack of parking space are problems for Kiev taxis. Regulations allow parking on sidewalks, which inconveniences pedestrians.

The funicular climbs the Dnieper's right bank, carrying 10,000–15,000 passengers daily. The city has a long-distance passenger station, six cargo stations and repair facilities.

Air[edit]

Air passengers arrive in Kiev at one of two airports: the Boryspil Airport (served by international airlines) and the smaller Zhulyany Airport (with domestic flights and limited flights to nearby countries). The international passenger terminal at Boryspil was expanded in 2006, and there is a separate terminal for domestic flights within walking distance. Passengers flying to other countries from Ukraine usually travel through Boryspil, since other airports in the country (such as Odessa, Lviv and Kharkiv) provide limited international connections. The Gostomel cargo airport is in the Kiev northwestern suburb of Hostomel.

Kyiv urban rail[edit]

Kyiv city trains operated by Kyivpastrans

In 2010, Kiev Urban Electric Train service began, running at four- to ten-minute intervals throughout the day around the city centre and serving many of Kiev's inner suburbs. There are many interchanges with the Kiev Metro.[8]

In 2019, the city train operates only in rush hours form 07:00–10:00 and 16:00–20:00. Trains very often can be cancelled or delayed. As a rule every day cancelled more than 40% of the rides.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (in Ukrainian) Kyiv General Department of Statistics, 2011
  2. ^ (in Ukrainian) Official website Archived 2012-03-16 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "Азаров дал добро на строительство кольцевой дороги вокруг Киева - Газета "ФАКТЫ и комментарии"". Fakty.ua. Retrieved 2013-03-12.
  4. ^ "Вторая кольцевая дорога вокруг Киева обойдется в $5-5,5 млрд. - Последние новости Киева - Однако в направлении окружной дороги уже вся земля выкуплена | СЕГОДНЯ". Segodnya.ua. 2007-06-27. Retrieved 2013-03-12.
  5. ^ "Азаров прогнозирует начало строительства второй кольцевой дороги вокруг Киева в 2012 году | Новости Киева". Korrespondent.net. Retrieved 2013-03-12.
  6. ^ Kyiv Administration: Roads Are In Poor Technical State Because They Have Reached End Of Their Service Lives And Annual Maintenance Volume Is Low Archived 2009-06-16 at the Wayback Machine, Ukrainian News Agency (12 June 2009)
  7. ^ See also: Kyivpastrans official website. Retrieved 28 July 2006.
  8. ^ "Азаров запустил в Киеве городскую электричку | Экономика | РИА Новости – Украина". Ua.rian.ru. 2012-08-13. Archived from the original on 2012-04-25. Retrieved 2013-03-12.

External links[edit]