Limestone Township, Michigan
|Limestone Township, Michigan|
|• Total||75.2 sq mi (194.7 km2)|
|• Land||74.2 sq mi (192.2 km2)|
|• Water||0.9 sq mi (2.4 km2)|
|Elevation||932 ft (284 m)|
|• Density||6/sq mi (2.3/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1626617|
There are no incorporated municipalities in the township. There are some historic locales and unincorporated communities:
- Diffin is just south of the West Branch Whitefish River and US 41 at . It was at the junction between two former railroad lines. The name was supposedly chosen for its brevity.
- Ladoga is a place at  It is a former sawmill settlement on the Chicago and North Western Transportation Company. The community was named after Lake Ladoga, in Russia. .
- Limestone is an unincorporated community on M-67 about six miles (10 km) south of Chatham at . It was first settled in 1889. A post office was established on October 12, 1892, with John H. Johnson as the first postmaster. It was named for the limestone bed of Johnson Creek which flows through the area. The post office was discontinued on July 15, 1984.
- Kiva is an unincorporated community at  The Huber family were the first white settlers in the area in 1880, which was then known as Whitefish, due to its location on the Whitefish River, and later as West Limestone from its location in Limestone Township. A post office was established on December 11, 1915, named Kiva, after a shortened form of the name of the first postmaster, Sigrid Kivimaki. The office was discontinued on August 11, 1967. .
- Traunik is an unincorporated community at the junction of county highways H-01 and H-44 on a branch of the Soo Line Railroad at . George Nickel homesteaded 160 acres (0.65 km2) of land here in about 1895. The community began to grow rapidly in about 1910 with an influx of Slovene immigrants to work in area lumber camps. The place was first known as "Buckeye Landing" and "Buckeye Spur", after the Buckeye Land & Lumber Company. Storekeeper Louis Mikulich (Mikulič) became the first postmaster in July 1927 and renamed the town after the native Slovene village of many of the settlers, Travnik (not to be confused with the Bosnian city of Travnik).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 75.2 square miles (194.7 km2), of which 74.2 square miles (192.2 km2) is land and 0.93 square miles (2.4 km2), or 1.24%, is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 407 people, 174 households, and 124 families residing in the township. The population density was 5.5 per square mile (2.1/km²). There were 333 housing units at an average density of 4.5 per square mile (1.7/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 94.84% White, 1.47% African American, 1.47% Native American, 0.98% from other races, and 1.23% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.72% of the population. 17.0% were of United States or American, 13.6% Finnish, 12.9% German, 10.6% Polish, 9.1% French and 6.1% English ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 174 households out of which 25.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.8% were married couples living together, 5.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.2% were non-families. 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.77.
In the township the population was spread out with 21.4% under the age of 18, 3.7% from 18 to 24, 24.3% from 25 to 44, 34.9% from 45 to 64, and 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 89.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.5 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $35,938, and the median income for a family was $37,981. Males had a median income of $36,094 versus $21,750 for females. The per capita income for the township was $15,384. About 7.8% of families and 9.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.6% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Limestone Township, Michigan
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Limestone township, Alger County, Michigan". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Diffin, Michigan
- Chicago and North Western Railway Company (1908). A History of the Origin of the Place Names Connected with the Chicago & North Western and Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Railways. p. 64.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Lagoda, Michigan
- A Most superior land: life in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. David Mac Frimodig, TwoPeninsula Press, 1983. ISBN 0-941912-03-5
- Chicago and North Western Railway Company (1908). A History of the Origin of the Place Names Connected with the Chicago & North Western and Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Railways. p. 91.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Limestone, Michigan
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Limestone Post Office (historical)
- Romig, Walter (1986) . Michigan Place Names. Detroit, Michigan: Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-1838-X.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Kiva, Michigan
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Kiva Post Office (historical)
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Traunik, Michigan
- Gornick, Anton and Mary. 1945 (11 Jan.). "Zahvala" Glas naroda: najstarejši list slovenskih delavcev v Ameriki, p. 3 (Slovene)
- "Jugoslavs Have Fine Community in Traunik". The Escanaba Daily Press. April 13, 1941. p. 9. Retrieved November 9, 2014 – via Newspapers.com.