Trentepohlia (alga)

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Trentepohlia
Trentepohlia sp. on Cryptomeria japonica bark
Trentepohlia sp. on Cryptomeria japonica bark
Scientific classification e
(unranked): Viridiplantae
Division: Chlorophyta
Class: Ulvophyceae
Order: Trentepohliales
Family: Trentepohliaceae
Genus: Trentepohlia
Mart.
Type species
Trentepohlia aurea
(L.) C.Martius
Species[1]

Trentepohlia is a genus of filamentous chlorophyte green algae in the family Trentepohliaceae, living free on terrestrial supports such as tree trunks and wet rocks or symbiotically in lichens.[2] The filaments of Trentepohlia have a strong orange colour (photograph at right) caused by the presence of large quantities of carotenoid pigments which mask the green of the chlorophyll.

Trentepohlia species form associations with fungal hyphae, and are widespread phycobionts in lichens, such as the "secret writing" crustose lichen genera Graphis, Graphina, Gyalecta and Opegrapha.[3][4]

There are about 40 species of Trentepohlia mostly distributed in tropical and subtropical areas[5] but several species also occur in temperate environments including Britain and Ireland.[6] The genus is present in almost all continents.[7]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=X34e5de6b47fb6fc9 ; searched on 28 June 2018.
  2. ^ See the NCBI webpage on Trentepohlia. Data extracted from the "NCBI taxonomy resources". National Center for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved 2007-03-19. 
  3. ^ F.S. Dobson (2000) Lichens, an illustrated guide to the British and Irish species. Richmond publishing Co. ISBN 0-85546-094-6
  4. ^ T. Friedl and B. Büdel (1996) Photobionts, in Nash, T.H. (ed.) Lichen biology, pp.8-23, Cambridge University Press.
  5. ^ van den Hoek, C.; Mann, D.G.; Jahns, H.M. (1995). Algae: an introduction to phycology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521316873. 
  6. ^ John, D.M.; Whitton, B.A.; Brook, A.J., eds. (2002). The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521193757. 
  7. ^ Aboal, Marina; Egidos, Ana; Marín, José; Asencio, Antonia (2002). "Trentepohlia jolithus (L.) Wallroth 1833 (Chlorophyta, Ulvophyceae) in subaerial habitats from southeastern Spain". Archiv für Hydrobiologie. Algological Studies. 107: 153–162. 

External links[edit]