Trinity Episcopal Church (Detroit, Michigan)

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Trinity Episcopal Church
Trinity Episcopal Church Detroit.jpg
Location 1519 Martin Luther King Boulevard
Detroit, Michigan
Coordinates 42°20′29″N 83°4′22″W / 42.34139°N 83.07278°W / 42.34139; -83.07278Coordinates: 42°20′29″N 83°4′22″W / 42.34139°N 83.07278°W / 42.34139; -83.07278
Built 1890
Architect George D. Mason & Zachariah Rice
Architectural style English Gothic
NRHP reference # 80001929[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP May 22, 1980
Designated MSHS August 3, 1979[2]

Trinity Episcopal Church is located at 1519 Martin Luther King Boulevard in the Woodbridge Historic District of Detroit, Michigan. The church was designated a Michigan State Historic Site in 1979[2] and listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980.[1] It is now known as Spirit of Hope.

History[edit]

The Epiphany Reformed Episcopal parish was founded in 1878 as a place where Anglicans not pledged to the Episcopal bishop of Michigan might worship.[3] In 1880, the congregation built a small frame church, and in 1889 changed their name to Trinity Episcopal.[3]

James E. Scripps, owner of The Detroit News, was a member of the Trinity congregation. Scripps was born in London,[3] and developed a fascination with historic English churches. He commissioned sketches of churches in England,[3] and in 1893 put up $55,000 to build the current church building.[4]

In 1896, Trinity members voted to unite their church with the Episcopal diocese of Michigan.[3] In 1926, the parish house, which includes a chapel, dining room, gymnasium, offices and classrooms was constructed.[4] As the neighborhood around Trinity changed, the church reached out to new constituents, including the Irish community.[5] However, the declining population of the surrounding area led to a decline in the congregation.[5]

In 2001, the nearby Jeffries Housing Projects were torn down; the Faith Memorial Lutheran Church, founded in 1956 to serve the community, found itself with a drastically reduced congregation.[5] The congregations of Faith Memorial Lutheran and Trinity Episcopal began exploring the concept of merging, and in April 2006, the two joined to become the Spirit of Hope.[5]

In 2007, Kathleen Brennan began the Spirit of Hope Urban Farm which was featured in the September/October 2011 Natural Home & Garden magazine.[6]

Detail of the exterior

Architecture[edit]

James E. Scripps commissioned architects Mason & Rice to design this English Gothic-style church.[4] The floorplan of Trinity Episcopal Church is laid out in a cruciform pattern. The walls are two feet thick Trenton limestone, and the root is sheathed with copper.[4] Smooth brown limestone used as trim offsets the white limestone used for the bulk of the walls.[3] The 85-foot-tall (26 m) central, supported by stone arches and buttresses, tower contains ten bells. The exterior holds over two hundred carvings, including gargoyles that serve as water drains.[4] Inside the sanctuary, ten stone angels supporting the nave beams face inward; several windows contain stained glass, including a Tiffany, a LaFarge, and a window over the altar was created by Franz Mayer & Co. of Germany.[4] A 1200-pipe organ manufactured by the Jardine Company of New York City is also inside.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  2. ^ a b "Trinity Episcopal Church". Michigan State Housing Development Authority. Retrieved September 3, 2010.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Trinity Episcopal Church/ Spirit of Hope from Detroit1701.org
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Historic Building from Spirit of Hope
  5. ^ a b c d History Archived 2008-11-20 at the Wayback Machine. from Spirit of Hope
  6. ^ Greening Detroit: Spirit of Hope Urban Farm Brings Bounty to the Motor City, Kelli B. Kavanaugh, Natural Home & Garden, September/October 2011 (retrieved 28 January 2012)

External links[edit]