Tuscan regional election, 1995
The Tuscan regional election of 1995 took place on 23 April 1995.
For the first time the President of the Region was directly elected by the people, although the election was not yet binding and the President-elect could have been replaced during the term.
Tuscany used for the first time the national Tatarella Law to elect its Council. Forty councillors are elected in provincial constituencies by proportional representation using the largest remainder method with a Droop quota and open lists; remained seats and votes are grouped at regional level where a Hare quota is used, and then distributed to provincial party lists.
Ten councillors are elected at-large using a general ticket: parties are grouped in alliances, and the alliance which receives a plurality of votes elects all its candidates, its leader becoming the President of Lombardy. If an alliance wins more than 60% of votes, only 5 candidates from the regional list will be chosen and the number of those elected in provincial constituencies will be 45; if the winning alliance receives less than 50% of votes, special seats are added to the Council to ensure a large majority for the President's coalition.
In the context of the profound political changes that invested Italy between 1992 and 1994, Italian Parliament changed the regional electoral law, adapting them to new majoritarian principle now in vogue in the country, trim and tend bipolar politics. The new political geography, however, did not fit properly to Tuscany where, besides a garrison of right, assumed insignificant importance the presence of Umberto Bossi's Lega Nord, which, instead of the others regions, substained the center-left candidate. Another major innovation had originated in Tuscany: Silvio Berlusconi' party, Forza Italia, had collected anti-Communist orphans of deceased traditional parties.
The central political alliances had not been followed up at Tuscany, with the Communist Refoundation Party in sharp contrast with PDS because of the contrast into the old party of PCI. PRC accused the PDS and at the same time the Lega Nord accused Forza Italia to be the trojan horse for the recycling of the old political class, had led to the arrest of the Northern League's electoral steady ascent, if not also a marked reflux into the consent of the federalist party. Soparadoxically, the Lega Nord substained Chiti.
Election on April 23 saw the success of the broad leftist coalition, grouping progressive ex-Democrats, ex-socialist, ex-communist and greens, and led to presidency Vannino Chiti that, with the majority premium, was able to give life to the first council in the history of the region that managed to last the entire legislature.
|Candidates||Regional lists||Provincial lists||Total|
|Vannino Chiti||1,188,995||50.12||10||Democratic Party of the Left||874,463||40.9||new||19||29||33|
|Federation of the Greens||57,666||2.70||-1.1||1||1|
|Italian Republican Party||16,395||0.77||-2.7||-||-|
|Lega Nord Toscana||15,049||0.70||-0.1||-||-|
|Paolo del Debbio||855,287||36.05||-||Forza Italia-People's Pole||409,266||19.13||new||7||7||13|
|Christian Democratic Centre||53,291||2.49||new||1||1|
|Luciano Ghelli||294,128||12.40||-||Communist Refoundation Party||237,405||11.10||new||4||4||4|
|Vincenzo Donvito||33,856||1.43||-||Pannella List||28,295||1.32||new||-||-|
|Total candidates||2,372,266||100.00||10||Total parties||2,139,227||100.00||=||40||50||50|
Source: Ministry of the Interior