Tylophora barbata

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Bearded Tylophora
Tylophora barbata Tomah.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Subfamily: Asclepiadoideae
Genus: Tylophora
Species: T. barbata
Binomial name
Tylophora barbata
R.Br.
Synonyms

Hoya barbata (R. Br.) Sprengel

Tylophora barbata, the Bearded Tylophora is a small vine in the dogbane family. A common plant found south of Bulahdelah, New South Wales. The habitat is rainforest and moist eucalyptus forests in south eastern Australia. Not often seen in flower, but flowers are dark red, around 7 mm long on thin stalks.[1] Broken branches produce watery or milky sap.

Taxonomy[edit]

In 1810, this species first appeared in scientific literature, in the Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae, authored by the prolific Scottish botanist, Robert Brown, who gave it its current binomial name.[2] The generic name is derived from the Ancient Greek tylos/τυλος "knot", and phoros/φορος "bearing", from the swollen staminal coronal lobes. Barbata means "bearded" from Latin,[3] presumably referring to the bearded seeds.[citation needed]

Description[edit]

A twining or climbing vine, Tylophora barbata can reach 2–3 m in length, often climbing trees or twining around its own branches. The stems and leaves are smooth and exude a clear sap when broken. The light green oval to spear-shaped leaves sit on 1–2 cm long petioles and measure 2.5–6 cm long by 2–4 cm wide. Flowering occurs from November to May, the small flowers are shades of maroon, purple or brown and measure 0.5–0.8 cm in diameter.[3] It fruits two to three months after flowering.[4]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

Tylophora barbata is found from Bulahdelah, New South Wales southwards into northeastern Victoria.[3] The only member of the genus in the Sydney basin, it is found in the Royal National Park and around Mount Tomah in the Blue Mountains.[5] Its habitat is rainforest and wet sclerophyll forest, where it prefers wet areas such as gullies.[3]

Cultivation[edit]

Readily adapting to cultivation, Tylophora barbata prefers a well-drained soil and is propagated from seed or cutting. It is useful as a groundcover.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Les Robinson – Field Guide to the Native Plants of Sydney, ISBN 978-0-7318-1211-0 page 327
  2. ^ "Tylophora barbata R.Br.". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Elliot, Rodger W.; Jones, David L.; Blake, Trevor (2010). Encyclopaedia of Australian Plants Suitable for Cultivation: Volume 9 – Sp-Z. Port Melbourne: Lothian Press. pp. 354–55. ISBN 0-7344-0974-5. 
  4. ^ Forster, Paul I (1992). "A taxonomic revision of Tylophora R. Br. (Asclepiadaceae: Marsdenieae) in Australia". Australian Systematic Botany. 5 (1): 29–51. doi:10.1071/SB9920029. 
  5. ^ Fairley, Alan; Moore, Philip (2010) [1989]. Native Plants of the Sydney Region (3rd ed.). Crows Nest, NSW: Jacana Press (Allen & Unwin). p. 384. ISBN 978-1-74175-571-8.