Type 4 Ke-Nu

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Type 4 Ke-Nu
Type 4 Ke-Nu light tank
Type Light tank
Place of origin  Empire of Japan
Production history
Designed 1944
Produced 1944
No. built approx. 100
Weight 8.4 tons
Length 4.30 meters
Width 2.0 meters
Height 2.0 meters
Crew 3

Armor 6–25 mm
Type 90 57 mm
2x Type 97 7.7 mm machine guns
Engine Mitsubishi A6120VDe air-cooled inline 6-cylinder diesel
120 HP
Power/weight -
Suspension bell crank
240 km
Speed 40 km/h

The Type 4 Ke-Nu (四式軽戦車 ケヌ, Yon-shiki keisensha Kenu) was a light tank of the Imperial Japanese Army in World War II. It was a conversion of existing Type 95 Ha-Go light tanks, re-fitted with the larger turret of the Type 97 Chi-Ha medium tank.[1]

History and development[edit]

The Type 4 Ke-Nu was a variant of the Type 95 Ha-Go light tank.[1] The original Type 97 Chi-Ha medium tank had been armed with a low muzzle velocity 57 mm tank gun. Operational experience against the Soviet Union at Nomonhan during the brief Japanese-Soviet Border War in 1939 revealed that this gun was inadequate against opposing armor, and a new higher velocity 47 mm tank gun was developed. This was installed in the Type 97 Chi-Ha with a larger turret to produce the Type 97-kai Shinhoto version.[2] This left a large number of surplus Type 97 Chi-Ha turrets, which were later retrofitted onto the hulls of the obsolete Type 95 Ha-Go light tank. The result was designated the Type 4 Ke-Nu.[3] In total, approximately 100 units were converted in 1944.[4]


Essentially a Type 95 light tank with a Type 97 medium tank gun turret, the Type 4 Ke-Nu had slightly better firepower, but at the expense of an additional ton in weight. This reduced the top speed of the tank to 40 km/h, but did nothing to alleviate the greatest weakness of the Type 95, its lack of suitable armor protection for the hull. Maximum armor protection for the tank (25 mm) was provided by the Type 97 turret, but it was defeated by the 37 mm, 75 mm and 2-pounders mounted on Allied tanks.

Combat record[edit]

Type 4 Ke-Nu at Kubinka Museum, Moscow

The conversion coming in 1944 was too late to make any impact on Japanese combat operations, and most of the Type 4 Ke-Nu were retained in the Japanese home islands against the projected American invasion. Some were assigned to units in Korea and Manchukuo, and saw brief combat against Soviet forces in the Soviet invasion of Manchuria.[5] A surviving Type 4 Ke-Nu captured in Manchukuo is on display in Moscow at the Kubinka Tank Museum.



External links[edit]