Kubinka Tank Museum

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Kubinka Tank Museum
Военно-Исторический музей Бронетанкового Вооружения и Техники
Шеврон танкового музея Кубинка.jpg
Kubinka Tank Museum is located in Moscow Oblast
Kubinka Tank Museum
Location within Moscow Oblast
Established1972 (1972)
LocationKubinka, Moscow oblast, Russia
Coordinates55°33′54″N 36°42′56″E / 55.56500°N 36.71556°E / 55.56500; 36.71556Coordinates: 55°33′54″N 36°42′56″E / 55.56500°N 36.71556°E / 55.56500; 36.71556
Key holdingsPanzerkampfwagen VIII Maus, Karl-Gerät, Object 279
Visitors70,000 a year
Kugelpanzer at Kubinka

The Kubinka Tank Museum (Центральный музей бронетанкового вооружения и техники - Tsentral'nyy Muzey Bronetankovogo Vooruzheniya I Tekhniki -Central Museum of Armored Arms and Technology) is a large military museum in Kubinka, Odintsovsky District, Moscow Oblast, Russia where tanks, armoured fighting vehicles (AFVs) and their relevant information are displayed and showcased. The museum consists of open-air and indoor permanent exhibitions of many famous tanks and armored vehicles from throughout the 20th and 21st centuries (between 1917 and the present day). It also houses and displays many unique, unusual and one-of-a-kind military vehicles of which there are very few remaining examples, such as the German Panzer VIII Maus super-heavy tank, Troyanov's Object 279 Kotin heavy tank, the Karl-Gerät heavy self-propelled artillery, and the Object 120 Su-152 "Taran" tank destroyer, amongst other single or limited-production prototypes from the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany.

About[edit]

The Kubinka Tank Museum is located on a historically "classified" Red Army armor testing facility. Most of its displays in the museum were derived from the research collection of the still-functioning[citation needed] Kubinka armour testing and proving ground. Most Cold War-era Western tanks (from the USA or Western Europe) were war trophies from the Middle East, Africa, Vietnam and Latin America, which were all sent to the armour testing facility at Kubinka to study and focus on any strengths and weaknesses. Due to its secretive history as well as its close relationship with the military, the museum is still staffed entirely by Russian Army personnel today. As belonging to an official military unit, the staff of the museum wears a special sleeve insignia on their uniform.[1]

Since 2014, the museum has been a part of the Patriot military theme park.[2]

Admission and visitor restrictions[edit]

As of 2017, access into museum is available for all visitors. The entrance fee is 300–500 rubles (US$4–US$7), depending on the particular part of the site, which is wide-spread. Guided tours in English are more expensive, starting at 4500 (US$60) rubles for each site. Access for children under the age of six is free. Permission to film and record videos of any vehicles thereof is included in the entrance fee. Foreign citizens are recommended to have a copy of their passport to enter the museum, as well as the original version. As it is still part of a Kubinka military base, weapons and alcohol are strictly prohibited; at the entrances, inspections are carried out by security staff with the help of metal detectors.[3]

Exhibits[edit]

Panzer I Ausf. F in the Kubinka Tank Museum
V-2-34 engine in the Kubinka Museum

The museum hosts a wide variety of tanks and armored vehicles developed and used throughout the 20th century by the Soviets, Germans and many other nations. Around 60% of the exhibits are Soviet-era vehicles, with the most recent display being the Object 172, the prototype of the T-72 MBT.

Access[edit]

Located in the outskirt of Moscow, Kubinka is accessible by suburban train from Belorussky railway station, Moscow.

World War II history[edit]

Polish TKS tankette in Kubinka Tank Museum
ISU-152 at Kubinka
Panzer VIII Maus at the Kubinka Tank Museum

Kubinka was a top-secret armour testing range and proving ground from before World War II.

Cold War history[edit]

Two armored cars, a French Panhard AML-90 (left) and a South African Eland-90 (right) on display at the Kubinka Tank Museum

Soviet tank technology was chiefly concentrated at the Kubinka Force Technology Center, which provided a series of technical evaluations and testing and relevant information to the national defense system to facilitate potential or future tank designs. Today, the Kubinka Tank Museum exhibits more than 50 tanks and other armored fighting vehicles procured from abroad during the Cold War.[4]

Some of these vehicles are as follows:

  • A British Conqueror heavy tank is also on display at the museum. This tank was donated to the Kubinka Tank Museum by the Imperial War Museum (IWM) in the UK to the Soviet Union in exchange for a Soviet IS-2 heavy tank in 1988 (the exchange was allegedly conducted in the then-divided city of Berlin).
  • A French AMX-13/75 light tank that was received from Algeria after the Algerian War during the 1950s and the 1960s.
  • A Swedish Prototype Stridsvagn 103 (S-Tank) amphibious main battle tank is also on display at the museum, one of over two dozen given away by the Swedish government to museums around the world after the Strv 103 was officially withdrawn from Swedish military service in 1996.

See also[edit]

Tank museums

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://paris1814.com/tankmuseum/kubinka
  2. ^ "Patriot park Moscow | Tank museum Patriot park Moscow". Retrieved 2021-07-27.
  3. ^ "Kubinka tank museum". tankmuseum.ru. Retrieved 24 September 2016.
  4. ^ "Kubinka NIIBT Research Collection – Foreign Vehicles, Kubinka, Moscow oblast, Russia". preservedtanks.com. Retrieved 24 September 2016.

External links[edit]