Type 93 surface-to-air missile

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Type 93 SAM
JGSDF Koukidousha (TOYOTA) 10.jpg
Type 93 SAM rockets on a Kōkidōsha
Type Passive infrared homing missile
Place of origin Japan
Service history
In service 1993–present
Used by Japan
Production history
Designer Toshiba Heavy Industries
Designed 1991
Manufacturer Toshiba Heavy Industries
Weight 11.5 kg
Length 1.43 m
Diameter 80 mm

Engine Solid Rocket Motor
Infrared homing

The Type 93 Surface-to-air missile (93式近距離地対空誘導弾, 93shiki-kinkyori-titaikū-yuūdōdan) is a surface-to-air missile used by the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force. It is the vehicle-borne version of the Type 91 missile.[1][2]

It is known in JSDF ranks as the Closed Arrow.[3]


It was first deployed in 1993, due to a need to replace L-90 35mm Anti-Aircraft Twin Cannons in JGSDF service.[2] It is typically deployed on a modified launcher Kōkidōsha (military version Toyota Mega Cruiser) with a total of eight missiles ready to fire.[2][4]


The Type 93 is a vast improvement over the L-90 as it has the ability to track down and shoot down enemy aircraft thanks to infrared homing on its system.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ 93式近距離地対空誘導弾 (in Japanese). Retrieved 2009-01-26. 
  2. ^ a b c 93式 近距離地対空誘導弾 (in Japanese). Retrieved 2009-11-04. 
  3. ^ 93式近距離地対空誘導弾 (in Japanese). Retrieved 2009-01-26. 
  4. ^ 93式近距離地対空誘導弾 (in Japanese). Retrieved 2009-01-07. 
  5. ^ 93式近距離地対空誘導弾 (in Japanese). Retrieved 2009-01-26. 

External links[edit]