Type 93 Surface-to-air missile

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Type 93 SAM
JGSDF Koukidousha (TOYOTA) 10.jpg
Type 93 SAM rockets on a Kōkidōsha
Type Passive infrared homing missile
Place of origin Japan
Service history
In service 1993 - Present
Used by Japan
Production history
Designer Toshiba Heavy Industries
Designed 1991
Manufacturer Toshiba Heavy Industries
Weight 11.5 kg
Length 1.43 m
Diameter 80 mm

Engine Solid Rocket Motor
Infrared homing

The Type 93 Surface-to-air missile (93式近距離地対空誘導弾 93shiki-kinkyori-titaikū-yuūdōdan?) is a surface-to-air missile used by the Japanese Self-Defense Forces. It is the vehicle-borne version of the Type 91 missile.[1][2]

It's known in JSDF ranks as the Closed Arrow.[3]


It was first deployed in 1993, due to a need to replace L-90 35mm Anti-Aircraft Twin Cannons in JGSDF service.[2] It is typically deployed on a modified launcher Kōkidōsha (military version Toyota Mega Cruiser) with a total of 8 missiles ready to fire.[2][4]


The Type 93 is a vast improvement over the L-90 as it has the ability to track down and shoot down enemy aircraft thanks to infrared homing on its system.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ 93式近距離地対空誘導弾 (in Japanese). Retrieved 2009-01-26. 
  2. ^ a b c 93式 近距離地対空誘導弾 (in Japanese). Retrieved 2009-11-04. 
  3. ^ 93式近距離地対空誘導弾 (in Japanese). Retrieved 2009-01-26. 
  4. ^ 93式近距離地対空誘導弾 (in Japanese). Retrieved 2009-01-07. 
  5. ^ 93式近距離地対空誘導弾 (in Japanese). Retrieved 2009-01-26. 

External links[edit]