South Tyrone (UK Parliament constituency)

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South Tyrone
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
18851922
Number of members One
Replaced by Fermanagh and Tyrone
Created from Dungannon and Tyrone

South Tyrone was a UK Parliament constituency in Ireland which returned one Member of Parliament from 1885 to 1922, using the first past the post electoral system.

Boundaries and Boundary Changes[edit]

This county constituency comprised the southern part of County Tyrone.

Prior to the 1885 redistribution the area was part of the Tyrone constituency. From 1922 it formed part of the Fermanagh and Tyrone constituency.

Politics[edit]

The constituency was a majority unionist area. Sinn Féin and the Independent Nationalist candidate together polled about 2,500 votes less than the Unionist received in 1918.

The First Dáil[edit]

The constituencies in the 1918 Westminster election, including South Tyrone, also served as the constituencies of the First Dáil, established by Sinn Féin as the parliament of its self-proclaimed Irish Republic. While in theory all Irish Westminster MPs were entitled to sit in the Dáil, in practice only Sinn Féin members attended, and South Tyrone's William Coote was listed on the roll as "as láthair" [absent].[1] The Second Dáil used the single transferable vote constituencies of the 1921 home rule elections, in which the territory previously in South Tyrone was part of the eight-member House of Commons of Northern Ireland constituency of Fermanagh and Tyrone.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 William O'Brien Nationalist
1886 Thomas Wallace Russell Liberal Unionist
1902 Russellite Unionist
1907 Liberal
Jan 1910 Andrew Long Horner Irish Unionist
1916 (b) William Coote Irish Unionist
May 1921 Ulster Unionist
1922 constituency abolished

Elections[edit]

General Election 5 December 1885: Tyrone South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Nationalist William O'Brien 3435 50.4
Conservative Capt. Somerset Henry Maxwell 3382 49.6
Majority 53 0.8
Turnout 7725 88.2
Irish Nationalist gain from new seat Swing
General Election 17 July 1886: Tyrone South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Thomas Wallace Russell 3481 50.7
Irish Nationalist William O'Brien 3382 49.3
Majority 99 1.4
Turnout 7725 88.8
Liberal Unionist gain from Irish Nationalist Swing
General Election 13 July 1892: Tyrone South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Thomas Wallace Russell 3468 52.8
Liberal Thomas Alexander Dickson 3096 47.2
Majority 372 5.6
Turnout 7070 92.8
Liberal Unionist hold Swing
General Election 24 July 1895: Tyrone South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Thomas Wallace Russell 3239 51.5
Independent Nationalist Thomas Shillington 3046 48.5
Majority 193 3.0
Turnout 6730 93.4
Liberal Unionist hold Swing
General Election 4 October 1900: Tyrone South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Thomas Wallace Russell 2499 48.0
Independent Nationalist Dr Edward Charles Thompson 2409 46.0
Independent Unionist Major Robert James Howard 303 5.8
Majority 90 2.0
Turnout 6220 83.8
Liberal Unionist hold Swing
General Election 25 January 1906: Tyrone South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Russellite Unionist Thomas Wallace Russell 2954 52.5
Irish Unionist Andrew Long Horner KC 2671 47.5
Majority 283 5.0
Turnout 5982 94.0
Russellite Unionist gain from Liberal Unionist Swing
General Election 20 January 1910: Tyrone South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist Andrew Long Horner KC 3054 52.4
Liberal Rt. Hon. Thomas Wallace Russell 2770 47.6
Majority 284 4.8
Turnout 6059 96.1
Irish Unionist gain from Russellite Unionist Swing
General Election 8 December 1910: Tyrone South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist Andrew Long Horner KC 2962 52.7
Liberal Robert Nathaniel Boyd 2662 47.3
Majority 300 5.4
Turnout 6059 92.8
Irish Unionist hold Swing
By-election 28 February 1916: Tyrone South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist William Coote unopposed
Turnout 6434
Irish Unionist hold Swing
General Election 14 December 1918: South Tyrone
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist William Coote 10,616 56.9 N/A
Sinn Féin Denis McCullough 5,437 29.1 N/A
Independent Nationalist John Skeffington 2,602 13.9 N/A
Majority 5,179 27.8 N/A
Turnout 18,655 83.0 N/A
Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ "An Rolla [the roll]". First Dáil proceedings (in Irish). 21 January 1919. col.10. Retrieved 12 September 2016. Co. Thír Eoghain (theas)—Mr. Coote—as láthair 

External links[edit]

See also[edit]