West Tyrone (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of West Tyrone in Northern Ireland.
|Member of parliament||Pat Doherty (Sinn Féin)|
|Created from||Mid Ulster|
|European Parliament constituency||Northern Ireland|
West Tyrone is a county constituency in Northern Ireland, represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post voting system.
Since the constituency's creation it has consisted of the District of Omagh and the District of Strabane.
The seat was created in a boundary review conducted in 1995 and was predominantly made out of the western half of the old Mid Ulster constituency – indeed it contains more of the old Mid Ulster than the current seat of that name. It also contains parts of the old Foyle constituency.
The seat is overwhelmingly nationalist, as evidenced by the election results in which nationalist parties have always won over 50% of the vote since the seat was created. However, the nationalist vote has traditionally been split between the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) and Sinn Féin, whilst the unionist parties have been more willing to make pacts to increase their chances of victory.
When the seat was created it was nominally held by the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), based on mapping the 1992 general election results onto the new boundaries, but this was because the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) had not contested the equivalent area. In the 1996 Forum elections the UUP outpolled the DUP and it was agreed that the DUP would not contest the seat. As a result William Thompson of the UUP won in 1997 with a narrow majority over the SDLP, with Sinn Féin coming third on a large vote.
In the 2001 general election the SDLP and Sinn Féin both targeted the constituency heavily, in the hope that a shift in the vote from one nationalist party to the other would enable them to outpoll the Ulster Unionists. In the event Sinn Féin's Pat Doherty won.
In 1998 both Sinn Féin and the SDLP won two seats in the Northern Ireland Assembly, with the UUP and DUP winning one each. However, there was much speculation that an increase in Sinn Féin's vote at the SDLP's expense would result in Sinn Féin taking a seat from its nationalist rival at the next assembly election. However, the election was complicated by the intervention of the independent candidate Dr. Kieran Deeny, campaigning on the sole issue of the retention of the hospital in Omagh. In a result that shocked commentators he took one of the SDLP's assembly seats.
Deeny stood again in the 2005 general election and asked most parties to withdraw to support him. Many local activists and voters appeared to agree with this, with some making their support public, but in the end the UUP, DUP and SDLP all fielded candidates. Doherty held the seat for Sinn Féin, but with Deeny polling strongly in second place.
Members of Parliament
|1997||William Thompson||Ulster Unionist|
|2001||Pat Doherty||Sinn Féin|
|Green (NI)||Ciaran McClean|
|Sinn Féin||Barry McElduff|
|Sinn Féin||Pat Doherty||16,807||43.5||−4.9|
|Green (NI)||Ciaran McClean||780||2.0||N/A|
|CISTA||Barry Brown ||528||1.4||N/A|
|NI Conservatives||Claire-Louise Leyland||169||0.4||N/A|
|Sinn Féin hold||Swing||−1.3|
|Sinn Féin||Pat Doherty||18,050||48.4||+9.5|
|Sinn Féin hold||Swing||+3.8|
|Sinn Féin||Pat Doherty||16,910||38.9||−1.9|
|Sinn Féin hold||Swing|
|Sinn Féin||Pat Doherty||19,814||40.8||+10.0|
|UUP||William John Thompson||14,774||30.4||−4.1|
|Sinn Féin gain from UUP||Swing|
|UUP||William John Thompson||16,003||34.6||N/A|
|Sinn Féin||Pat Doherty||14,280||30.9||+9.9|
|Workers' Party||Thomas Anthony Owens||230||0.5||N/A|
|Natural Law||Robert Andrew Johnstone||91||0.2||N/A|
|UUP win (new seat)|
Notional 1992 result
The projected result of what the result would have been if West Tyrone had existed for the 1992 election is shown below.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "T" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Election of a Member of Parliament for the WEST TYRONE Constituency - Statement of Persons Nominated and Notice of Poll". Electoral Office of Northern Ireland. 11 May 2017. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Statement of Persons Nominated
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Guardian electoral history". West Tyrone. Retrieved 6 August 2005.