U Scorpii

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U Scorpii
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Scorpius
Right ascension 16h 22m 30.78s[1][2]
Declination −17° 52′ 42.8″
Apparent magnitude (V) 7.5–19.3[2]
Spectral type  ? / White Dwarf
Variable type eclipsing recurrent nova (NR+E)[2]
Radial velocity (Rv) 65[3] km/s
Other designations
AAVSO 1616-17, 2MASS J16223079-1752431, BD−17° 4554[3]
Database references

U Scorpii (U Sco) is a recurrent nova system; one of 10 known recurring novae in the Milky Way galaxy.[4] Located near the northern edge of the constellation Scorpius it normally has a magnitude of 18, but reaches a magnitude of about 8 during outbursts. Outbursts have been observed in 1863, 1906, 1936, 1979, 1987, 1999, and 2010.[5][6]

The most recent outburst, on 28 Jan 2010, was predicted to occur April 2009 ± 1.0 year, based on observations during quiescence following the 1999 outburst.[7] The U Sco 2010 eruption faded by 1 magnitude in 1 day, and by 4 magnitudes in 6 days. By February 6 it was dimmer than magnitude 13. Between February 10–19, it was flickering around magnitude 14. The eruption ended on day 64, which is the fastest observed decline to quiescence of recurring nova. This eruption of U Sco is now the best observed nova event with 22,000 magnitudes already accumulated. Astronomers have predicted that another eruption of U Sco will occur in 2020±2.[8]

AAVSO light curve of recurrent nova U Sco from 1 Jan 2010 to 1 Sept 2010. Up is brighter and down is fainter. Day numbers are Julian day. Different colors reflect different bandpasses.


  1. ^ "Request for photometry of the recurrent nova U Scorpii". American Association of Variable Star Observers (AAVSO). 2010-02-08. Retrieved 2010-02-13.  (16:22:30.78 -17:52:42.8)
  2. ^ a b c "U Sco". AAVSO: Variable Star Plotter (VSP). Retrieved 2010-11-15. 
  3. ^ a b "U Scorpii". SIMBAD. Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved 2010-11-15. 
  4. ^ Comprehensive Photometric Histories of All Known Galactic Recurrent Novae, B. Schaefer
  5. ^ The 1999 Outburst of the Recurrent Nova U Scorpii, Anupama & Dewangan
  6. ^ Thar She Blows! U Scorpii Erupts as Predicted, A. MacRobert
  7. ^ B. Schaefer; A. Pagnotta; et al. (October 2010). "Discovery of the 2010 Eruption and the Pre-Eruption Light Curve for Recurrent Nova U Scorpii". The Astronomical Journal. 140 (4): 925–932. arXiv:1004.2842Freely accessible. Bibcode:2010AJ....140..925S. doi:10.1088/0004-6256/140/4/925. Retrieved 12 February 2015. 
  8. ^ Matthew Templeton (May 6, 2010). "Long-term monitoring of the recurrent nova U Scorpii". AAVSO. Retrieved 2010-11-15. 

External links[edit]