Uncial 0171

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Uncial 0171
New Testament manuscript
Uncial 0171, PSI 2.124 + PSI 1.2 recto.jpg

Matthew 10:17-23,25-32;

Luke 22:44-50,52-56,61,63-64
Date c. 300
Script Greek
Found Hermopolis Magna, Egypt
Now at Medici Library
Berlin State Museums

Papiri greci e latini della Società Italiana,

(Florence, 1912—), 1:2-4; 2:22-25

2 vellum leaves; 5.7 x 9.2 cm;

2 columns, 23 lines/page
Type Western
Category IV
Hand reformed documentary
Note witness to Western text in Egypt

Uncial 0171 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 07 (Soden) are two vellum leaves of a late third century (or beginning of fourth) Greek uncial Bible codex containing fragments of the Gospel of Matthew and the Gospel of Luke. Luke fragment, in two parts, is preserved in the Laurentian Library collection in Florence (PSI 1.2 + PSI 2.124), and the Matthew fragment is in the Berlin State Museum (P. 11863).[1][2][3]


Uncial 0171 measures 5.7 cm by 9.2 cm from a page of two columns of 23 lines. The scribe wrote in a reformed documentary hand.[4] It has errors of itacism, the nomina sacra are contracted (ΚΣ, ΙΗΣ). ανθρωπος is uncontracted. Luke 22:51 and 22:62 are omitted.

The Alands describe the text as "an early (secondary?) form of the D [Codex Bezae] text" and "paraphrastic". Uncial 0171 is an important witness to the existence of the Western text-type in Egypt.[5] Aland placed it in Category IV.[6] It is the earliest Greek witness with text of Luke 22:43–44.

It is classed as a "consistently cited witness of the first order" in Nestle-Aland's Novum Testamentum Graece.[7] Its 27th edition (NA27) considers it even more highly than other witnesses of this type. It provides an exclamation mark (!) for "papyri and uncial manuscripts of particular significance because of their age."[7]

The manuscript was found in 1903–1905 in Hermopolis Magna.[8] The text was first published by the Società Italiana in Florence in 1912. Hermann von Soden knew the first fragment only in time to include it in the list of addenda in 1913. He classified it within his Ια text.[9] Marie-Joseph Lagrange gave a collation, he classifies the fragment in his "recension D", and argues that the divergences of the fragment from the Codex Bezae are due to idiosyncrasies either of that manuscript or of the fragment itself.[10] Kurt Treu identified the Matthew and Luke portions as the work of the same scribe on the same codex.[11] Later again, Neville Birdsall observed that a lower portion of the manuscript had been overlooked in the editio princeps.[12]


Fragment (a) + (b): Recto (Luke 22:44-50)
Uncial 0171 - fragments 2a+2b (Florence, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, PSI 1.2 + PSI 2.124) - recto - Luke 22,44-50.jpg
Col. I
— — — — — — — —
[  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   ]
[  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   ]
[   αυ]το[υ ως] θρο(μ)-
[βοι αιματο]ς καταβαι-
[νοντες ε]πι την γην
Col. II
και αναστας απο [της]
προσευχης και ελ[θων]
προς τους μαθητα[ς ευ-]
ρεν κοιμενους α[υ-]
τους απο της λυπ[ης]
και ειπεν αυτοις τ[ι κα-]
θευδετε ανασταν[τες]
προσευχεθε ιν[α μη]
εισελθητε εις πε[ιρασ-]
μον ετι δε αυτου [λα]
λουντος ιδου οχ[λος]
και ο καλουμε[νος Ι-]
[ο]υδ[ας Ισκαριωθ εις]
— — — — — — — —
— — — — — — — —
[ . . . ] . [ . . . . ] . [ . . . . . ]
[υι]ον του αν[θρωπου]
[πα]ραδιδως [ιδοντες]
δε οι περι αυ[τον το γε-]
νομενο[ν ειπαν αυ-
τω ει π[αταξομεν εν]
μαχα[ιρη και επαταξεν]
εις [τις εξ αυτων τον]
Fragment (a) + (b): Verso (Luke 22:50-56.61-64)
Uncial 0171 - fragments 2a+2b (Florence, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, PSI 1.2 + PSI 2.124) - verso - Luke 22,50-56.61-64.jpg
Col. I
[δου]λον του αρχιερε-
[ως] και αφειλεν το ους
[αυ]του δο δεξιον ειπε(ν)
[δε] ιης προς τους παρα-
[γε]νομενους επ αυτο(ν)
[αρ]χιερεις και στρατη-
[γο]υς του ιερου ως επ[ι]
[ληστ]ην εξηλθετε με-
[τα μ]αχαιρων το καθ η-
[με]ραν οντος μου εν
[τω ι]ερω ουκ εξετεινα-
[τε] χειρας επ εμε [αλλα]
[αυτη εστιν υμων η] ω[ρα]
— — — — — — — —
— — — — — — — —
[ . . . . ] . . [ . . ] . . .
[του αρχιε]ρεως ο δε [Πε-]
[τρος ηκο]λουθει απ[ο]
[μακροθεν] αψαντων δε
[πυρ εν μεσ]η τη αυλη
[και περικαθι]σαντων
[εκαυθητο ο Πετρ]ος με-
[σος αυτων ιδουσα] δε
Col. II
— — — — — — — —
. [                       απαρ-]
νησ[η                             ]
και ο[ι ανδ]ρε[ς οι συνεχον-]
τες [α]υτον [ενεπαιζον]
αυτω και π[ερικαλυψαν-]
[τες                             ]
Fragment (c): Recto (hair side) (Matthew 10:17-23)
Uncial 0171 - fragment 1 (Berlin, Staatliche Museen, P. 11863) - recto - Matthew 10,17-25.jpg
Col. I
[          ανθρω]πων πα-
[ραδωσουσιν] γαρ υμας
[εις συνεδρι]α και εις
[τας συναγ]ωγας αυτω
[μαστιγω]σουσιν υμας
[και επι η]γεμονων και
[βασιλεω]ν σταθησεσθε
[ενεκεν] εμου εις μαρ-
[τυριον] αυτοις και τοις
[εθνεσ]ιν οταν δε παρα-
[δωσιν] υμας μη μεριμνη-
[σητε τι] λαλησητε[ε] δοθη-
[σεται γ]αρ υμειν [εν ε]κει-
[νη τη] ωρα τι λα[λησητε]
[ου γαρ υ]μεις εσ[τε οι λα-]
[λουντ]ες αλλα τ[ο πνα]
[του πρς] υμων [           ]
— — — — — — — —
Col. II
σουσιν αυτου[ς και]
εσεσθε μεισο[υμε-]
νοι υπο πα[ντων]
δια το ονο[μα μου]
ο δε υπομ[εινας εις]
τελος ου[τος σωθη-]
σεται οτ[αν δε διω-]
κωσιν [υμας εν τη]
πολει [ταυτη φευγε-]
τε εις [την αλλην εαν]
δε εν [τη αλλη εκδιω-]
ξου[σιν υμας φευγε-]
τε [                         ]
— — — — — — — —
Fragment (c): Verso (flesh side) (Matthew 10:25-32)
Uncial 0171 - fragment 1 (Berlin, Staatliche Museen, P. 11863) - verso - Matthew 10,25-33.jpg
Col. I
[αυτο]υ και ο δουλος
[ως ο κ]ς αυτου
[ει τον ο]ικοδεσποτη
[             ]βουλ εκαλε-
[σαν ποσ]ω μαλλον
[τους οικια]κους αυτου
[μη ουν φο]βηθητε
[αυτους ουδ]εν γαρ ε-
[στιν κεκαλυ]μμενο
[ο ουκ αποκα]λυφθη-
[σεται και κρυ]πτον ο
[ου γνωσθησε]ται ο
[λεγω υμιν εν] τη σ-
[κοτια ειπατε] . [ . . ]
— — — — — — — —
Col. II
τον δυνα[μενον και ψυ]
χην και σ[ωμα αποκτει-]
ναι εν γεε[ννη ουχι δου]
στρουθια ασ[σαριου πω-]
λουνται και[ εν εξ αυτων]
ου πεσειται ε[πι την γην]
ανευ του πα[ρος υ-]
μων αλλα κα[ι αι τριχες]
της κεφαλης [υμων]
πασαι ηριθμημ[εναι ει-]
σιν μη ουν φο[βεισθε]
πολλων στρουθ[ιων]
δ[ιαφε]ρετε υμ[εις πας]
[ουν οσ]τις ομο[λογησει]
[εν ε]μοι ενπ[ροσθεν]
[των α]νθρωπ[ων ομο-]
[λογ]ησω [                 ]
— — — — — — — —

See also[edit]

Other early uncials
Related articles


  1. ^ Aland, Kurt; and Barbara Aland; Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.) (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 104. ISBN 0-8028-4098-1.  Cite uses deprecated parameter |coauthors= (help)
  2. ^ "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  3. ^ Karl Jaroš(de) (2006). Das Neue Testament nach den ältesten griechischen Handschriften. CD-ROM.
  4. ^ Philip W Comfort and David P Barrett, The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts, (Wheaton, Illinois: Tyndale House Publishers Incorporated, 2001), 684-691.
  5. ^ Bruce Manning Metzger, The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption, and Restoration, 4th edition, (New York City: Oxford University Press, 2005).
  6. ^ Aland, Kurt; and Barbara Aland; Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.) (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 123. ISBN 0-8028-4098-1.  Cite uses deprecated parameter |coauthors= (help)
  7. ^ a b Eberhard Nestle, Erwin Nestle, Barbara Aland and Kurt Aland (eds), Novum Testamentum Graece, 27th edition, (Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 2001), 58.
  8. ^ James Neville Birdsall, A Fresh Examination of the Fragments of the Gospel of St. Luke in MS. 0171 and an Attempted Reconstruction with Special Reference to the Recto.
  9. ^ Hermann von Soden, Die Schriften des Neuen Testaments (Göttingen 1913), pp. 895, 903–904.
  10. ^ M.-J. Lagrange, Critique textuelle II, La Critique rationelle (Paris, 1935), pp. 71-76.
  11. ^ Kurt Treu, Archiv für Papyrusforschung 18 (1966): 25-28.
  12. ^ J Neville Birdsall, 'A fresh examination of the fragments of the gospel of St. Luke in Ms. 0171 and an attempted reconstruction with special reference to the recto', in Roger Gryson (editor), Philologia Sacra: Biblische und patristische Studien für Hermann J Frede und de:Walter Thiele zu ihrem siebzigsten Geburtstag, Vetus Latina 24, (Freiburg: Herder, 1993), 212-217.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]