Union Station (Washington Metro)

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WMATA Metro Logo.svg Union Station Red Line
Washington Metro rapid transit station
2010 02 24 - 2055 - Washington DC - Union Station.jpg
Location 701 1st Street, NE
Washington, DC 20002
Coordinates 38°53′52″N 77°00′24″W / 38.897723°N 77.006745°W / 38.897723; -77.006745Coordinates: 38°53′52″N 77°00′24″W / 38.897723°N 77.006745°W / 38.897723; -77.006745
Owned by WMATA
Line(s) Red Line Red Line
Platforms 1 island platform
Tracks 2
Connections Railway line Amtrak, VRE, MARC via Union Station
Bus transport Metrobus: 80, 96, 97, D6, D8, X8
Bus transport DC Circulator
Bus transport MTA Maryland Bus: 903, 922
Bus transport Loudoun County Transit
Bus transport PRTC OmniRide
Structure type Underground
Bicycle facilities 23 racks
Disabled access Yes
Other information
Station code B03
Opened March 27, 1976; 41 years ago (March 27, 1976)
Previous names Union Station–Visitor Center
Passengers (2016) 28,864 daily [1]Decrease 7.45%
Preceding station   WMATA Metro Logo.svg Washington Metro   Following station
toward Shady Grove
Red Line
toward Glenmont
  Out-of-system interchange  
BSicon LOGO Amtrak2.svg Amtrak
Terminus Acela Express
toward St. Albans
toward Chicago
Capitol Limited Terminus
toward Chicago
toward Charlotte
toward New Orleans
toward Miami
Silver Meteor
Silver Star
Northeast Regional
toward Savannah
Brunswick Line Terminus
Terminus Camden Line
Penn Line
toward Perryville
Virginia Railway Express
toward Broad Run
Manassas Line Terminus
toward Spotsylvania
Fredericksburg Line
DC Streetcar
Terminus H Street/Benning Road Line

Union Station is a Washington Metro station in Washington, D.C. on the Red Line. It has a single underground island platform.

The station is located in the Northeast quadrant of the city under the western end of Union Station, the main train station for Washington, where connections can be made to Amtrak intercity trains, as well as Virginia Railway Express and MARC commuter rail trains to suburbs in Virginia, Maryland, and West Virginia.

An old "Union Station-Visitor Center" sign on the station platform

The station was originally named "Union Station–Visitor Center" but when the National Visitor Center there failed, it was renamed Union Station. One or two pylons still read "Union Station-Visitor Center", and a number of older stations still display this name on signage. Like the other original stations, Union Station sports coffered vaults of concrete in its ceiling.[2]

Service began on March 27, 1976 with the opening of the Red Line. It is the busiest station in the Metrorail system, averaging 28,864 passengers per weekday as of May 2016.[3] In March of 2017, it was announced the station would be painted white at a cost of $75,000-$100,000.[4]

Station layout[edit]

G Street Level Exit/Entrance, connection to MARC train.svgMARC, Virginia Railway ExpressVRE, AmtrakAmtrak, and DC Streetcar
M Mezzanine One-way faregates, ticket machines, station agent
Platform level
Westbound Red Line Red Line toward Shady Grove (Judiciary Square)
Island platform, doors will open on the left
Eastbound Red Line Red Line toward Glenmont (NoMa – Gallaudet University)

The station features an island platform with two exits, one mid-platform leading into the main part of the station and Massachusetts Avenue and the other at the northern end emptying onto 1st Street NE and to the main boarding concourse.

Notable places nearby[edit]


  1. ^ "Metrorail Average Weekday Passenger Boardings" (PDF). WMATA. Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. Retrieved 23 April 2017. 
  2. ^ Construction: Tunnels
  3. ^ "Metrorail Average Weekday Passenger Boardings" (PDF). Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. 2016. Retrieved February 7, 2017. 
  4. ^ "Metro decision to paint Union Station vault rubs some the wrong way". Washington Post. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 

External links[edit]

The station in the process of being painted white in 2017