United States Navy Veterans Association
|Founded||2002 (First tax filing)|
|Dissolved||Ceased fundraising in 2010|
|John Donald Cody, alias "Bobby Thompson"|
|$22.4 million (2008)|
The United States Navy Veterans Association (USNVA) was a tax-exempt veterans' organization that claimed to have a national headquarters in Washington, D.C. It claimed that its purpose was to support the U.S. Navy, and to assist veterans and members of the U.S. Armed Forces, and their families.
The Association claimed to be a national organization with 43 U.S. chapters and over 66,000 members.
USNVA was the subject of a 2010 investigative report by the St. Petersburg Times, which concluded that the USNVA was a one-man operation fraudulently soliciting money as a veterans' charity. The Times investigation ultimately resulted in criminal and administrative investigations in several states and the removal of USNVA's listing from the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs website. The organization's national headquarters in Washington DC proved to be a rented post office box, rather than an actual physical office location.
USNVA operations ceased and, after a two-year search, the leader, John Donald Cody, was arrested on 30 April 2012 by U.S. Marshals in Portland, Oregon. Cody had run the organization under the alias "Bobby Thompson", and authorities were at first unable to determine his real name. However, on 1 October 2012, it was announced that Cody's identity had been determined using fingerprint records. In late 2013, Cody was convicted of charges including theft, money laundering, engaging in a pattern of corrupt activity, tampering with records, and identity fraud; and sentenced to 28 years in prison.
USNVA claimed to be the current form of charitable groups that date back to 1927, although the USNVA itself first filed with the Internal Revenue Service in 2002. The Association claimed 66,000 members.
The Association's stated mission, in summary, was to: Support the U.S. Navy; provide assistance to war veterans, members of the U.S. Armed Forces, and their families; and "the support of legislative action to provide to our service personnel, veterans, and their dependents, widows and orphans, the remuneration and benefits they truly deserve."
According to the Association's website, there were 41 state Chapters, along with Chapters in Washington, D.C. and Puerto Rico and Divisions in Panama and the Philippines. However, the New Mexico Attorney General claims that the addresses given for the New Mexico chapter are for vacant lots.
The USNVA website listed the MacMurray, Petersen & Shuster LLP law firm in New Albany, Ohio as its General Counsel; Legislative Associates, Inc. of Stillwater, Minnesota as its Legislative and Public Policy Counsel, and Rubin & Associates, P.A. of St. Petersburg, Florida as its Special Counsel. It also hired additional lobbyists to gain the right to solicit in Virginia.
- Of the 85 Association officers listed on IRS filings, only one could be located. He identified himself as a Mr. Bobby Thompson, a retired Lieutenant Commander in the U.S. Navy Reserve, although no records could be found to support the claim.
- The Association, in communications through its Ohio-based lawyer, refused to allow the reporters to speak with any other Association officer.
- The Association claimed $22.4 million in revenue in 2008, but refused to show reporters any detailed information about how the money was spent.
- Even though the Association said its five-member executive board and 12 key officers worked out of the national headquarters on M Street in Washington D.C., the Association's headquarters address is a rented mailbox at a UPS Store.
- An audit USNVA submitted to the Better Business Bureau was rejected because it did not meet Generally Accepted Accounting Principles and had other irregularities. The audit was allegedly signed by a CPA located at the World Trade Center in New Orleans. Neither the building managers, state of Louisiana, or the Society of Louisiana CPAs had any record of the listed accountant.
- The Association used telemarketers as a fundraising tool. Some of the Association's contracts stipulated that for every pledge, the telemarketing company kept 60 percent, well above the preferred norm of 12 to 13 percent.
Times reporters spoke with Mr. Thompson at his residence once. On a later visit in December, 2009, his leased residence was found vacant; according to the landlord, no forwarding address was provided.
In response, the USNVA's attorney denied all of the Times' assertions, calling the investigation "flawed," and saying USNVA officers did not want to speak to the Times reporters because of their "disreputable tactics and stories and biases."
The American Institute of Philanthropy (AIP) testified before Congress about inefficiency and wrongdoing at veterans charities. AIP features USNVA in a cover article for the December 2010 publication of its Charity Rating Guide & Watchdog Report: Phantom Charity Takes Flight, Leaves Veterans Stranded. According to the article, the misused money was "unlikely be recovered and used to help deserving veterans."
Virginia contributions and exemption
On 23 February 2009, the Virginia Division of Consumer Protection barred USNVA from soliciting for donations because it had failed to register as a charity and to make the necessary financial disclosures. Samuel F. Wright, a Washington-based lawyer, was retained to get the USNVA the right to solicit in Virginia, and he worked with a man who claimed to be Bobby Thompson, the Chief Financial Officer of USNVA. When asked by the St. Petersburg Times whether Wright had ever spoken with anyone at the USNVA other than Thompson, Wright refused to answer citing attorney-client privilege. In May 2009, Wright met with then-Attorney General Bill Mims to discuss requesting an exemption from the requirement to register, but on 18 August 2009, the USNVA received a letter stating that the Attorney General concurred with not granting the organization an exemption.
Following that letter, Thompson, who was a Florida resident, began to donate to Virginia politicians. In 2009, Mr. Thompson made $78,375 in political contributions. $67,500 was directed to Virginia politicians, with the largest share being $55,500 in contributions to the successful campaign of Virginia Attorney General Ken Cuccinelli (R). Thompson was Cuccinelli's second-largest campaign donor. Out of the $67,500 Virginia contributions, Thompson made only one $1,000 donation to a Democratic candidate.
When questions were initially raised about USNVA, all other Virginia politicians gave the contributions from Thompson to other veterans' organizations, but Cuccinelli initially did not, despite calls from Virginia Democrats. Cuccinelli's spokesman said "if Mr. Thompson was convicted of wrongdoing relative to the misappropriation of funds, and contributions to our campaign came from money that was supposed to go to active duty military or veterans, we would donate those contributions to military support organizations here in Virginia." A month later in June, a Cuccinelli spokesman said $55,500 would be set aside in a restricted account pending the outcome of the investigation into Thompson and USNVA.
Thompson also made an unsolicited $1,000 contribution to Virginia Senator Patsy Ticer (D) in 2009. Wright later contacted Ticer's office, asking for assistance to make it easier for the Association to operate in Virginia. Ticer introduced Virginia Senate Bill 563 that, among other purposes, exempted tax-exempt veterans' organizations such as the USNVA from having to register with Virginia regulators. The bill was unanimously approved by the Virginia House and Senate. After receiving the Thompson contributions, Cuccinelli met with Wright on 15 February 2010 to discuss the legislation which had passed the State Senate. After learning about the March St. Petersburg Times reports, Ticer asked Governor Bob McDonnell (R), who received a $5,000 contribution from Thompson, to veto the bill she sponsored. On 11 April 2010, Wright asked Ticer to withdraw her veto request. However, the Governor signed the bill on 12 April 2010. The new law took effect on 1 July 2010. Both Ticer and McDonnell have given the contributions from Thompson to other veterans groups.
Removal from VA website
U.S. Senator Jim Webb (D-VA) wrote a letter to the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs asking for the removal of the U.S. Navy Veterans Association's listing from the VA website of veterans organizations, citing recent media reports and official investigations. The VA removed the listing by the next day, noting that listing an organization does not constitute an endorsement.
Investigations and prosecutions
|John Donald Cody|
|Born||August 3, 1947|
|Other names||Bobby Thompson|
|Occupation||Attorney (disbarred), Former U.S. Army intelligence officer|
|Criminal charge||Larceny, money laundering, identity fraud, engaging in a pattern of corrupt activity, tampering with records|
|Criminal penalty||28 years in prison (with 28 days to be served in solitary confinement),
$6.3 million fine (one year of sentence and solitary confinement requirement vacated on June 12, 2015)
|Criminal status||Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Correction #A651040, incarcerated at Richland Correctional Institution, Mansfield, Ohio; earliest release date April 27, 2039|
|Conviction(s)||November 14, 2013|
Officials in several states investigated and banned the USNVA from soliciting in their states as a result of published allegations about the organization. In August 2010, Ohio Attorney General Richard Cordray announced that a nationwide arrest warrant had been issued for the man known as Bobby Thompson, who had stolen the identity and Social Security Number of a victim who was not connected to the USNVA. Cordray stated, "We know he bilked Ohioans out of at least $1.9 million, and we estimate that nationally he collected at least $20 million."
In June 2011, Blanca Contreras of Tampa, Florida, pleaded guilty to engaging in a pattern of corrupt activity, aggravated theft, money laundering, and tampering with records in connection with her four-year involvement with the organization. She was sentenced to five years in prison and faces deportation to her native Mexico upon her release. In exchange for her guilty plea, her two adult daughters, who had also been involved with the organization, received immunity.
After a two-year search, the man known as "Bobby Thompson" was arrested on 30 April 2012 in Portland, Oregon. He pleaded not guilty to 22 charges related to the alleged scam, but initially refused to provide his identity, instead signing his name with an "X". In October 2012, authorities announced that they believed "Thompson" was really John Donald Cody, a 67-year-old former Army intelligence officer. Cody had graduated with honors from the University of Virginia in 1967 and from Harvard Law School in 1972. He had been a fugitive since 1987, when he was indicted on federal charges of bilking two women's estates of $99,000 by using traveler's checks. U. S. Marshal Pete Elliott said that "Thompson's" fingerprints matched prints from Cody in a 1969 military fingerprint database.
On 14 November 2013, after a six-week trial before Cuyahoga Common Pleas Judge Steven Gall, Cody was found guilty of 23 charges including theft, money laundering, engaging in a pattern of corrupt activity, tampering with records, and identity fraud. On 16 December, Judge Steven Gall sentenced Cody to 28 years in prison and ordered him to pay more than $6.3 million in fines and investigation costs. Citing the damage done to veterans who could have been aided by the money that Thompson's charity raised, Gall ordered Cody to spend each Veterans Day (November 11) in solitary confinement for the duration of his prison term.
In 2015, the 8th Ohio District Court of Appeals reduced Cody's sentence by one year to 27 years based on the determination that Ohio courts did not have jurisdiction for 11 of the identity theft charges. The court also dropped the requirement that Cody spend every Veterans Day in solitary confinement, finding that Gall did not have the authority to impose that type of punishment.
Cody, Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Correction offender #A651040, is currently incarcerated at Richland Correctional Institution in Mansfield, Ohio. His earliest possible release date is April 27, 2039--when he would be 91 years old,effectively a life sentence.
- Testerman; Martin (21 March 2010). "Multimillion-dollar nonprofit charity for Navy veterans steeped in secrecy". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved 23 May 2010.
- Testerman; Martin (22 March 2010). "Charity leader's sideline: politics". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved 23 May 2010.
- http://www.oregonlive.com/portland/index.ssf/2012/10/identity_of_accused_fraudster.html#incart_river_default%7Ctitle= Identity of accused fraudster captured in Portland as 'Bobby Thompson' finally revealed|accessdate= 1 October 2012
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- "USVNA Mission Statement". Retrieved 23 May 2010.
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- Dan Casey and Michael Sluss (16 May 2010). "Fla. contributor to Va. campaigns raises questions". Roanoke Times.
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- "Letter barring USNVA from soliciting in New Mexico" (PDF). 1 April 2010. Retrieved 6 September 2010.
- Cole, William (23 May 2010). "Exploiting patriotism for profit". The Honolulu Advertiser. Archived from the original on 26 May 2010. Retrieved 23 May 2010.
- Furlow, Bryant (18 May 2010). "Charity under investigation in NM is at center of brewing campaign money scandal in Virginia". The New Mexico Independent. Retrieved 23 May 2010.
- Cornwell, Lisa (5 August 2010). "Ohio AG: Navy vets group leader stole identity". Associated Press. Retrieved 5 September 2010.
- Hundley, Kris, "Woman Gets 5 Years In Veterans Charity Scam", The Virginian-Pilot, 12 August 2011.
- Hundley (1 May 2012). "Bobby Thompson, fugitive from Navy Vets charity, caught on West Coast". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved 16 May 2012.
- Lach (14 May 2012). "Even Behind Bars, Infamous Scammer’s Identity Remains A Mystery". Talking Points Memo. Retrieved 16 May 2012.
- Matthew Mosk (1 Oct 2012). "Feds: Notorious Alleged Con Man 'Bobby Thompson' Was Military Spy". ABC News. Retrieved 1 Oct 2012.
- Sheeran, Thomas (2012-10-01). "John Donald Cody, Harvard Law Grad, Suspected Of Running $100 Million Cross-Country Scam". Huffington Post. Associated Press.
- Brian Albrecht (14 Nov 2013). "Jury finds Bobby Thompson guilty of charity scam charges". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved 25 Nov 2013.
- "Man who stole from vets through fake charity sentenced to prison, pay $6M in fines". WOIO. 16 Dec 2013. Retrieved 16 Dec 2013.
- Brian Albrecht (16 Dec 2013). "Bobby Thompson sentenced to 28 years in prison for veterans charity scam". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved 17 Dec 2013.
- "Jury Trial Begins in Thompson Case".
- Ida Lieszkovszky (12 June 2015). "'Bobby Thompson's' sentence reduced by one year in veterans' charity scam". Cleveland.com. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
- Listing for John Donald Cody at Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Correction