United States v. Fordice

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United States v. Fordice
Seal of the United States Supreme Court.svg
Argued November 13, 1991
Decided June 26, 1992
Full case name United States v. Fordice
Citations 505 U.S. 717 (more)
Holding
The eight public universities in Mississippi had not sufficiently integrated and that the state must take action to change this under the Equal Protection Clause. The system was not declared unconstitutional; simply the court ruled that more action needed to be taken to ensure integration.
Court membership
Case opinions
Majority White, joined by Rehnquist, Blackmun, Stevens, O'Connor, Kennedy, Souter, and Thomas
Concurrence O'Connor
Concurrence Thomas
Concur/dissent Scalia

United States v. Fordice, 505 U.S. 717 (1992)[1] is a United States Supreme Court case that resulted in an eight to one ruling that the eight public universities in Mississippi had not sufficiently integrated and that the state must take affirmative action to change this under the Equal Protection Clause. The Court found that, although the state had eliminated explicit prohibitions on the admission of black students to institutions including the University of Mississippi, Mississippi State University, and the University of Southern Mississippi, the Court of Appeals had not properly reviewed the set of discriminatory policies used by the state to suppress black enrollment at these schools.

Four opinions were filed in the case. In addition to Justice White's majority opinion, Justice O'Connor and Justice Thomas filed concurring opinions. Thomas, in particular, expressed a concern that the strict review of policies that divided students by race should not be used against historically black universities in the state.

Justice Scalia filed a separate opinion concurring in part and dissenting in part, expressing his disagreement with the burden that the Court imposed on universities and his concern that the standards set forth by the Court would create confusion and lead to more litigation.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ United States v. Fordice, 505 U.S. 717 (1992). Findlaw.com. Retrieved 2008-03-07