Upendra Kumar

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Upendra Kumar
Born 1941
British India
Origin Orissa, India
Died 24 January 2002 (aged 60–61)
Bangalore, India
Genres Film score, theatre
Occupation(s) Composer, music director, instrumentalist
Years active 1966–2002

Upendra Kumar (1941 – 24 January 2002) (Kannada: ಉಪೇಂದ್ರ ಕುಮಾರ್) was an Indian music director who predominantly worked in Kannada and Oriya films. He was known for his strong association with Rajkumar and his family and scored some of his career best compositions for the films featuring Rajkumar and his sons. He had scored for 210 films including Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam and Tulu cinema.[1]

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Upendra Kumar was born in 1941 in Orissa to a Telugu speaking Brahmin family. His father, Lakshman Swamy was an astrologer. Kumar studied up to 7th Grade and shifted towards music learning with the help of his uncle, Apparao. He underwent rigorous training in Hindustani classical, Western instrumental and Indian string instruments. He graduated in B. A. Music with first grade at Utkal University of Music.[citation needed]

Career[edit]

Upendra Kumar made his debut with a Rajkumar adventure, Kathariveera (1966).

Upendra Kumar hailed from Oriya, and lived in Madras for the most part of his career. He was called upon to make the music for films starring Rajkumar's children as well. In Nanjundi Kalyana, he made the famously hiccup Olage seridare gundu, shot on Malashri and Raghavendra Rajkumar. The Shivaraj Kumar starrer Rathasaptami also had his music.

The mandolin and the sitar were prominently used in Upendra Kumar's instrumentation, and he was particularly fond of raga Kafi and melodies deriving from that scale. Idu yaaru bareda katheyo, his memorable hit in Premada Kanike, was based on this raga.

In the 1980s, Upendra Kumar recorded a series of albums with Rajkumar singing songs in praise of saint Raghavendra Swami, and deities like Hanuman. Upendra Kumar's tunes for Guruvara banthamma and Haalalladaru haaku have become popular among the devout.

Jeevana Chaitra, for which Rajkumar won a national award for best playback singer (for the classical raga-based number Nadamaya) had Upendra Kumar's music. Jeevanachaitra campaigned against drink, and ironically, Upendra Kumar reportedly suffered poor health in recent years because of his drinking.

Death[edit]

Upendra Kumar died on 24 January 2002. He died ailing from jaundice at Bangalore.

Compositions[edit]

Ellige payana yaavudo daari from Sipayi Ramu. Neenaro eno sakha engaasare from Hasiru Torana. Ee sambhashane from Dharma Sere Idu yaaru bareda katheyo, Baanigondu elle ellide from Premada Kanike Idu yaaru bareda katheyo from Anuraga Aralitu

Awards[edit]

Discography[edit]

Kannada[edit]

Year Film Title Notes
1966 Katari Veera Debut film as a composer
1967 Muddu Meena
1969 Ade Hrudaya Ade Mamathe
Chowkada Deepa
1970 Hasiru Thorana
Namma Mane
Paropakari
1971 Hennu Honnu Mannu
1972 Sipayi Ramu
1973 Thriveni
1975 Namma Oora Devaru
Nanjunda Nakkaga
Aashirvada
1976 Premada Kanike
1978 Shankar Guru
Suli
Aathma Shakthi
1979 Mangala
Dharmasere
1980 Ravichandra
Hrudaya Deepa
Manjina There
Nyaya Neethi Dharma
1981 Prachanda Putanigalu
Maha Prachandaru
Shreeman
1982 Andada Aramane
Mareyalagada Kathe
Praya Praya Praya
1983 Kaamana Billu
Gandharvagiri
1984 Onti Dhwani
Hennina Sowbhagya
Apoorva Sangama
Ayyappa Sharanu
1985 Nee Nakkaga
Pavithra Papi
Dhruva Thare
Thulasidala
1986 Anuraga Aralithu
Aparadhi Nanalla
Ratha Sapthami
1987 Manamecchida Hudugi
1988 Devatha Manushya
Chiranjeevi Sudhakara
1989 Kalabhimani
Nanjundi Kalyana Karnataka State Film Award for Best Music Director
Bala Hombale
Deva
Gajapathi Garvabhanga
1990 Ranabheri
Aasegobba Meesegobba
Rudra Tandava
Pundara Ganda
Swarna Samsara
Mruthyunjaya
Challenge Gopalakrishna
Bhale Chatura
Raja Kempu Roja
Anukoolakkobba Ganda
Ivalentha Hendthi
1991 Lion Jagapathi Rao
Prema Pareekshe
Hrudaya Haadithu Karnataka State Film Award for Best Music Director
Aralida Hoovugalu
Golmaal Part 2
Kitturina Huli
Thavarumane Udugore
C. B. I. Shiva
Rollcall Radhakrishna
Readymade Ganda
Gandu Sidigundu
Kalla Malla
Halli Rambhe Belli Bombe
Kalyana Mantapa
Gruhapravesha
Mathru Bhagya
Kollur Kala
1992 Banni Ondsala Nodi
Bombat Hendthi
Amara Prema
Midida Shruthi
Hendtheere Hushar
Belli Modagalu
Sindhoora Thilaka
Goonda Rajya
Sapthapadi
Ravivarma
Kanasina Rani
Jeevana Chaitra Karnataka State Film Award for Best Music Director
Roshagara
Mana Mechida Sose
Bharjari Gandu
Gharshane
1993 Olavina Kanike
Chikki Chandrama
Dharmapeeta
Bhagawan Sri Saibaba
Naavibbaru Namagibbaru
1994 Odahuttidavaru
Apoorva Samsara
Mandyada Gandu
Sagara Deepa
Hettha Karulu
1995 Shravana Sanje
Thumbida Mane
Mana Midiyithu
1996 Rambo Raja Revolver Rani
Samayakkondu Sullu
Muddina Sose
Rambha Rajyadalli Rowdy
1997 Gandede Bhaira
Ellaranthalla Nanna Ganda
1998 Vajra
2002 Dharma Devathe
Vishwamithra

Oriya[edit]

  • Manika
  • Kabi Samrat Upendra Bhanja
  • Samarpana
  • Pipasha
  • Kula Chandrama
  • Ae Nuhen Kahani
  • Mana Akasha
  • Dharithri
  • Alibha Daga
  • Parivara
  • Palataka
  • Pati Patni
  • Punar Milana

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Another composer bids goodbye". ourkarnataka.com.