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This gallery of Scout and Guide national emblems shows the National Scout emblem of each of the world's Scouting and Guiding organizations.

The fleur-de-lis is the main element in the logo of most Scouting organizations, representing a major theme in Scouting: the outdoors and wilderness.[1] The symbol is also often used on a compass rose to mark the north direction. Robert Baden-Powell, the founder of the Scouting movement, explained that the Scouts adopted the fleur-de-lis symbol from its use in the compass rose because it "points in the right direction (and upwards) turning neither to the right nor left, since these lead backward again".

Likewise, the trefoil is the main element in the logo of most Guiding organizations. The three leaves represent the three duties and the three parts of the promise, the two five point-stars stand for the promise and the law and the vein in the centre represents the compass needle showing the right way. The base of the trefoil stands for the flame of the love of humanity and the colours blue and gold represent the sun shining over all children in the world.[2]

Entities on this list correspond to:

Fragmented Scouting[edit]

While most countries typically have two or three Scouting associations, there are six countries where Scouting is incredibly fragmented

Germany 40 associations [plus dozens of unaffiliated single groups] Lebanon 28 associations Spain 24 associations Italy 20 associations Canada 15 associations France 15 associations

[[Category:Totalitarian and political youth organizations]]

Union Internationale des Guides et Scouts d’Europe

Pfadfinder und Pfadfinderinnen Österreichs Austria The Association of Belarusian Guides Belarus Guidisme et Scoutisme en Belgique Belgium Girl Guides Association of Cyprus Cyprus Junák Czech Republic Pigespejdernes Fællesråd Danmark Denmark Eesti Gaidide Maleva ja Eesti Gaidide Ühenduse Koostööliit Estonia Suomen Partiolaiset Finland Scoutisme Français France Ring Deutscher Pfadfinderinnenverbände Germany Soma Hellinikou Odigismou Greece Bandalag Íslenskra Skáta Iceland Council of Irish Guiding Associations Ireland Hitachdut Hatsofim Ve Hatsofot Be Israel Israel Federazione Italiana dello Scautismo Italy Latvijas Skautu un Gaidu Centrālā Organizācija Latvia Pfadfinder und Pfadfinderinnen Liechtensteins Liechtenstein Bureau de Liaison des Associations Guides du Luxembourg Luxembourg The Malta Girl Guides Association Malta Association des Guides et Scouts de Monaco Monaco Scouting Nederland Netherlands Speidernes Fellesorganisasjon Norway Związek Harcerstwa Polskiego Poland Associação Guias de Portugal Portugal Asociatia Ghidelor si Ghizilor Din Romania Romania Slovenský skauting Slovak Republic Združenje slovenskih katoliških skavtinj in skavtov Slovenia Comité de Enlace del Guidismo en España Spain Svenska Scoutrådet Sweden Swiss Guide and Scout Movement Switzerland Türkiye İzcilik Federasyonu Turkey Girlguiding UK United Kingdom
Associate members: National Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts of Armenia Armenia Sak'art'velos Gogona Skautebis Asociatsia 'Dia' Georgia Magyar Cserkészlány Szövetség Hungary Rossiskaya Assotsiatsia Devochek-Skautov Russia Associazione Guide Esploratori Cattolici Sammarinesi San Marino Association of Ukrainian Guides Ukraine
Countries working towards WAGGGS membership: Shoqata e Guidave dhe Scoutëve në Shqipëri Albania Association of Azerbaijan Girl Guides Azerbaijan Scouting in Bulgaria Bulgaria Lietuvos Skauciu Seserija Lithuania

Full members: The Girl Guides Association of Bahrain Bahrain Egyptian Federation for Scouts and Girl Guides Egypt Jordanian Association for Boy Scouts and Girl Guides Jordan Kuwait Girl Guides Association Kuwait Fédération Libanaise des Eclaireuses et des Guides Lebanon Public Scout and Girl Guide Movement Libya The National Organisation for Scouts and Guides Oman The Scout and Guide Association of Qatar Qatar The Sudan Girl Guides Association Sudan Les Scouts Tunisiens Tunisia Girl Guides Association of the United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates Yemen Republic Girl Guides Association Yemen
Associate members: Association des Scouts et Guides de Mauritanie Mauritania
Countries working towards WAGGGS: Scouting in Algeria Algeria Scouting in Iraq Iraq Scouting in Morocco Morocco Scouting in Palestine Palestine Scouting in Syria Syria

Full members: Guides Australia Australia Bangladesh Girl Guides Association Bangladesh Persatuan Pandu Puteri Brunei Darussalam Brunei Darussalam Girl Scouts of Taiwan Republic of China Fiji Girl Guides Association Fiji The Hong Kong Girl Guides Association Hong Kong The Bharat Scouts and Guides India Girl Scouts of Japan Japan Girl Scouts of Korea South Korea Persatuan Pandu Puteri Malaysia Malaysia Maldives Girl Guide Association Maldives Nepal Scouts Nepal Guides New Zealand New Zealand Pakistan Girl Guides Association Pakistan Girl Guides Association of Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea Girl Scouts of the Philippines Philippines Girl Guides Singapore Singapore The Sri Lanka Girl Guides Association Sri Lanka The Girl Guides Association of Thailand Thailand
Associate members: Girl Guides Association of Cambodia Cambodia The Girl Guides Cook Islands Association Cook Islands The Girl Guides Association of Kiribati Kiribati Girl Scout Association of Mongolia Mongolia Samoa Girl Guides Association Samoa The Girl Guides Association of the Solomon Islands Solomon Islands The Girl Guides Association of the Kingdom of Tonga Tonga Girl Guides Association of Tuvalu Tuvalu Vanuatu Girl Guides Association Vanuatu

Full members: Guides du Bénin Benin Botswana Girl Guides Association Botswana L'Association des Guides du Burkina Faso Burkina Faso Association Nationale des Guides de Centrafrique Central African Republic The Gambia Girl Guides Association Gambia The Ghana Girl Guides Association Ghana Fédération Ivoirienne du Scoutisme Féminin Ivory Coast Kenya Girl Guides Association Kenya Lesotho Girl Guides Association Lesotho Liberian Girl Guides Association Liberia Skotisma Zazavavy Eto Madagasikara Madagascar The Mauritius Girl Guides Association Mauritius The Girl Guides Association of Namibia Namibia The Nigerian Girl Guides Association Nigeria Association des Guides du Rwanda Rwanda Association des Scouts et Guides du Sénégal Senegal The Sierra Leone Girl Guides Association Sierra Leone The Girl Guides Association of South Africa South Africa The Tanzania Girl Guides Association Tanzania Association des Guides du Togo Togo The Uganda Girl Guides Association Uganda Girl Guides Association of Zambia Zambia Girl Guides Association of Zimbabwe Zimbabwe
Associate members: Association des Guides du Burundi Burundi Association des Guides du Cameroun Cameroon Association des Guides du Tchad Chad Association des Scouts et Guides du Congo Republic of the Congo Association Nationale des Guides de Guinée Guinea The Malawi Girl Guides Association Malawi The Swaziland Girl Guides Association Swaziland

Full members: The Girl Guides Association of Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda Asociación Guías Argentinas Argentina The Bahamas Girl Guides Association Bahamas The Girl Guide Association of Barbados Barbados The Girl Guides Association of Belize Belize Asociación de Guías Scouts de Bolivia Bolivia Federação de Bandeirantes do Brasil Brazil Girl Guides of Canada Canada Asociación de Guías y Scouts de Chile Chile Asociación de Guías Scouts de Colombia Colombia Asociación de Guías y Scouts de Costa Rica Costa Rica Asociación de Guías Scouts Dominicanas Dominican Republic Asociación Nacional de Guías Scouts del Ecuador Ecuador Asociación de Muchachas Guías de El Salvador El Salvador Asociación Nacional de Muchachas Guías de Guatemala Guatemala Guyana Girl Guides Association Guyana Association Nationale des Guides d'Haïti Haiti Asociación Nacional de Muchachas Guías de Honduras Honduras The Girl Guides Association of Jamaica Jamaica Guías De México Mexico Padvindstersvereniging van de Nederlandse Antillen Netherlands Antilles Asociación de Muchachas Guías de Panamá Panama Asociación Guías Scouts del Paraguay Paraguay Asociación Nacional de Guías Scouts del Perú Peru Girl Guides Association of Saint Lucia Saint Lucia Girl Guides Association of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent and the Grenadines The Girl Guides Association of Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago Girl Scouts of the USA United States of America Asociación de Guías Scouts de Venezuela Venezuela
Associate members: Het Arubaanse Padvindsters Gilde Aruba The Girl Guides Association of Dominica Dominica The Girl Guides Association of Grenada Grenada Federación Nacional de Muchachas Guías de Nicaragua Nicaragua The Girl Guides Association of Saint Christopher and Nevis Saint Kitts and Nevis Surinaamse Padvindsters Raad Suriname Asociación Guías Scout del Uruguay Uruguay

matching chart for World Federation of Independent Scouts

Argentina—Baden-Powell Scouts of Argentina, 1970 Australia—Baden-Powell Scouts of Australia, 1984 (~290 members; 3 groups around Adelaide plus 1 group in Tasmania) Canada—Canadian Federation of Independent Scouts/CFIS, 2000 (umbrella federation that includes the following 5 associations):

Canada/British Columbia—BPSA - British Columbia, 1997 Canada/Newfoundland—BPSA - Newfoundland, 2001 Canada/Nova Scotia—BPSA - Nova Scotia, 1999 Canada/Ontario—BPSA - Ontario, 1998 Canada—Canadian Independent Scout Association/CISA, 1999

Chile—Agrupación Nacional de Boy Scouts de Chile (Boy Scouts of Chile), 1982 Costa Rica—BPSA - Costa Rica Denmark—De Gule Spejdere i Danmark (Baden-Powell Scouts of Denmark), 1984 Germany—Bruderschaft Christlicher Pfadfinder/BCP, 1983 Germany—Bund Europäischer St. Georgs- Pfadfinderinnen und -Pfadfinder/BESP Germany—Bund unabhängiger Pfadfinder/BuP Germany—Deutscher Pfadfinderbund gegründet 1911/DPB1911, 1953 (originally 1911) (~100 members) Germany—Europäischer Pfadfinderbund - Georgsritter e.V. Germany—Freie Deutsche Waldläufer Olpe/FDWL, 1962 Germany—Freier Pfadfinderbund Asgard (~80 members) Germany—Freier Pfadfinderbund St. Georg/FPG Germany—Independent Guide Association/IGA, 2001 Germany—Independent Scout Association/ISA, 1989 Germany—Pfadfinderbund Weltenbummler e.V., 1981 Germany—Solmser Pfadfinderschaft Ireland—The Baden-Powell Scouts Association of Ireland, 1999 Italy—Associazione Indipendente Scout/ASSISCOUT Italy—Associazione Scautistica Cattolica Italiana/ASCI, 1997 Japan—BPSA - Japan, 1999 Lithuania—Zemaitija Scout Association, 2002 Malaysia—BPSA - Malaysia, 2000 Mexico—Mexican Federation of Independent Scouts, 2002 Paraguay—The Independent Scouts of Paraguay, 2000 Switzerland—Feuerkreis Niklaus von Flüe, 1988 Switzerland—Pfadi Seeland Scouts, 2000 UK—Baden-Powell Scouts Association/BPSA, 1970 US—B-P Rovers of Arizona (a Rover crew [age 18+] associated with a BSA troop) [There are apparently a number of isolated, single-unit programs, but this is the only one I have been able to verify.] US—Rover Scouts Association/RSA, 2002 (age 18+), 179 members in 21 crews, mostly in the US, but with some in Australia, Canada, Japan, Philippines, and the UK; headquarters in Bardstown, Kentucky Yugoslavia—Okruzna Organizacija Skauta - Sverna Backa, 2002



Prospective members Corpo De Escuteiros Maritimos Portugal Acociation Galega De Ecscultismo, Berogan Scouts Spain Associas Catalane De Scouts - Catalonian Association of Scouts Spain W.F.I.S. - North American Regional Council was formed in 2001, but W.F.I.S. has operated Groups in Canada since 1997 and Mexico, and Costa Rica since 2000, and continues to do so.

The Councils role is to develop and provide section handbooks for the member associations, provide leader training courses, plan, run, and staff provincial and national jamborees.

The North America Council is composed of the following member associations:

BPSA - British Columbia The Traditional Explorer Association of Ontario BPSA - Manitoba BPSA - Saskatchewan BPSA - Newfoundland BPSA - Costa Rica The Independent Scouting Association The United States Rovers Mexican Federation of Independent Scouts International W.F.I.S. member associations must accept that they are a traditional Scouting organization committed to keeping alive the Law and Promise and Scouting scheme, as devised by the late Lord Baden-Powell of Gilwell. We are not the organization for potential modernists, in fact we insist that our member associations follow, and use, BP's original program, traditions, uniforms, morals, ethics, and structure as laid out in B-P's "Scouting for Boys". We have however, allowed the updating of these programs for health, environmental, first-aid, and safety reasons only. W.F.I.S. - North American Regional Council invites all non-WOSM associations in North America, especially National Associations in Exile to join us in our activities.

W.F.I.S. - N.A. lives by the Founders 4th Scout Law: "A Scout is a friend to all, and a brother to every other Scout".

La Región Europea de la WFIS es la mas grande y activa por su antiguedad y número de afiliados. Actualmente la Región Australia y la Región Africa no cuentan con grupos reconocidos de la WFIS pero se adelantan contactos con personas y organizaciones que desean hacer su ingreso. La Región Asia (conocida como Asia-Este) se fundó en 2002 pero tiene grupos Scouts en Japón desde 1997.

En el caso del continente americano, la 1a Conferencia Mundial oficializó la existente Región NorteAmérica (WFIS-NA) y la conversión de la antes denominada Confederación Interamericana de Scouts Independientes (CISI) en la nueva Región SurAmerica (WFIS-SA). memb La Asociación de Escultismo Ecológico Baden Powell de Guatemala La Asociación Scout Baden Powell del Paraguay

The South East Asia Council is composed of the following member associations:

BPSAC - Malaya BPSA - Japan Independent Scouts of Pakistan (Probationary member) United Arab Emirates Independent Scout Association (Probationary member)

shikata ga nai[edit]

Shikata ga nai (仕方がない) is a Japanese language phrase meaning "it can't be helped" or "nothing can be done about it".

Cultural associations[edit]

The phrase has been used by many western writers to describe the ability of the Japanese people to maintain dignity in the face of an unavoidable tragedy or injustice, particularly when the circumstances are beyond their control. Historically, it has been applied [citation needed] to situations in which masses of Japanese people as a whole have been made to suffer, including the Allied Occupation of Japan and the internment of Japanese Americans and Japanese Canadians.

In Asian American Women: The "Frontiers" Reader, author Linda Trinh Vo states:

The Japanese phrase shikata ga nai, or "it can't be helped," indicates cultural norms over which one has little control... This notion of suffering in part stems from shikata ga nai: failing to follow cultural norms and social conventions led to a life of little choice but endurance of suffering. [1]

The phrase also can have negative connotations, as some may perceive the lack of reaction to adversity as complacence, both to social and political forces. In a Business Week article, a Western businessman says of Japanese people:

He encourages Japanese not to succumb to the shikata ga nai mentality but to get angry and start behaving like citizens. "Japanese people listen to me because I'm always pushing what the possibilities are and how things can ensure positive economic and political prospects..." [2]

Literary references[edit]

  • Jeanne Wakatsuki Houston, in her book Farewell to Manzanar, devoted a chapter to the concept, and used it to explain why the Japanese-Americans interned in the US during World War II did not put up more of a struggle against the horrible conditions[citation needed] and restrictive policies put upon them.
  • Rahna Reiko Rizzuto's family tragedy Why She Left Us also includes a chapter titled "Shikata ga nai".
  • In the historical manga Barefoot Gen, many of the citizens in Hiroshima use the phrase "Shikata ga nai" to explain why they accept the military rule, and the acceptance of the below-poverty conditions that cause many of their citizens to starve.
  • In the science fiction novel Red Mars by Kim Stanley Robinson, the phrase is translated as "there is no other choice". Introduced by the Japanese character Hiroko Ai, it becomes common slang among the first Martian colonists, and is used when the constraints of their situation allow only one course of action.
  • James Clavell's Shogun uses this phrase as a subtheme, although there it is rendered as "Shigata ga nai".
  • Graham Salisbury's Under the Blood Red Sun uses this phrase for a chapter title.


External links[edit]