User:Ratarsed/Architecture of Ipswich
Ipswich is home to some fine examples of architecture funded by the wealth brought to the town by the cloth trade and the port, being home to the youngest Grade I listed building, Norman Foster's Willis Building as well as buildings going right the way back as far as the 14th Century with the churches of St. Nicholas and St. Peter.
Little remains of Ipswich's Norman buildings, with a few churches being the only providing physical remains, and even then, they have often been restored or partially rebuilt more recently, however 14th Century portions still remain in the churches of St. Nicholas and St. Peter
Buildings do survive from the later medieval periods, such as the Ancient House which dates originally to the 15th Century, as well as early timber framed buildings of Soane St, Fore St and Silent St.
Buttermarket, Back Hamlet, Bolton Lane, Dial Lane, Fore St, Lower Brook St. Northgate St., St. Nicholas St, St. Margrets Plain, St. Peters St, Tavern St.
Pubs: Mannings, Spread Eagle, Sorrel Horse Inn, Swan Inn, Halbred Inn, Plough Inn
Great White Horse Hotel
Anglesea Rd, Berners St., High St, Orwell Place, Queens St., Tower St.
County House designed by W McIntosh Brooks in the Tudor style 1836
Fonnereau Road has a good variety of late Georgian and early Victorian styles, with debassed classical terraces at the foot, continuing in a Italianate style as well as Jacobean
Old Custom House 1844, by J.M.Clark
Ipswich's original museum was custom built, unusual for its time, in 1847 by Christopher Fleury of Ipswich. Grecisan style. Fleury also was the architect for the current building of Elizabethan styled Ipswich School. The replacement and current building, which is built in a 17th Century style, was the result of a design competition in 1881, won by Horace Cheston..
- Racecourse estate -- 1920 built on the former Ipswich Racecourse
- Gainsborough estate -- 1926
- Priory Heath -- 1935
- Whitton -- 1936
During the 1950s an 1960s there were huge changes to the town was swathes of old housing cleared for road schemes and bold new developments such as Civic Drive and commercial development as part of ambitious plans to treble the population. This era saw the start of the Chantry Estate and the Castle Hill Estate
The town has always been fairly open minded and progressive, with projects such as the Greyfriars complex by Edward Skipper & Associates built from 1964 - 1966 on the site of the Franciscan friary. Originally the complex was intended to move the town centre further south, with a mix of shops, offices and flats. However, the scheme was not as successful as originally planned and little remains of the Greyfriars complex following demolition work in the early 1990s which only left St. Francis Tower (residential tower), St. Clare House (office tower) and multi-storey car park intact.
More recently volume builders have been building houses with a more contemporary feel in the town, partly in response to the television series, The Perfect Home, in which Bellway were approached and encouraged to be more progressive on the Ravenswood estate.
- "Images of England - Gateway to Wolsey's College to St. Mary". Retrieved 2007-05-06.
- Nikolaus Pevsner. The Buildings of England: Suffolk. ISBN 0-300-09648-8.
- "Images of England - County House". Retrieved 2007-05-06.
- "Images of England - Ipswich School". Retrieved 2007-05-06.
- Display in Ipswich Museum, visited on 2007-04-14
- Robert Malster. Historic Britain From The Air: Suffolk. pp. P82–83. ISBN 0-7509-1937-X.
- "WW2 People's War - Ringshall to Ipswich and back". Retrieved 2007-04-12.
- "Ipswich St. Clare". Retrieved 2007-04-12.
- "Time Team 2004 - Ipswich". Retrieved 2007-04-12.
- Themes to cover include:
- Medieval - comparative importance of Ipswich then was greater than now - wealth producing large churches - surviving medieval houses in town centre
- Other early building
- Victorian growth - extensive Vict. housing developments - railway station - more churches
- C20 - housing - WWII bomb damage?? - postwar housing and town-centre development - Willis Faber - recent developments e.g. around Portman Road
- Industrial architecture - dock area
- Conservation - number of listed bldgs., notable restorations etc.
Major housing areas and age:
- Broke Hall
- Stoke Park
- Rose Hill