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Vélez-Blanco, Spain
Flag of Vélez-Blanco, Spain
Official seal of Vélez-Blanco, Spain
Coordinates: 37°41′N 2°05′W / 37.683°N 2.083°W / 37.683; -2.083Coordinates: 37°41′N 2°05′W / 37.683°N 2.083°W / 37.683; -2.083
 • MayorPedro Luis Díaz Gil (since 2019) (PSOE)
 • Total441 km2 (170 sq mi)
1,070 m (3,510 ft)
 • Total1,938
 • Density4.4/km2 (11/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)

Vélez-Blanco is a municipality of Almería province, in the autonomous community of Andalusia, Spain.[2][3][4] In 2018 the population was 1938.

Its surface area is 441.31 km² and has a density of 4.39 inhabitants / km². Its geographical coordinates are 37 ° 41′N 2 ° 05′O. It is located at an altitude of 1070 meters and 164 kilometers from the provincial capital, Almeria.

It belongs to the Los Vélez region. It has a 16th-century castle, linked to the Fajardo. Also noteworthy are the church of Santiago, the Convent of San Luis and the Cave of the Signboards, in which is the Indalo, cave painting of the late Neolithic or Copper Age that represents a human figure, and that has become the sign from the province of Almería. The cave was declared a National Historic Monument in 1924 and later in 1998 also a World Heritage Site by Unesco. Both Vélez-Blanco and Vélez-Rubio share the same gentilicios, egetano and egetana, although this term was first coined by Vélez-Blanco and, later, Vélez-Rubio adopted the same word for its inhabitants.


In this municipality are the districts of Topares, El Piar and Santonge. The latter has prehistoric paintings. prehistoric paintings.


Its abundant waters pour both Segura river and Guadalquivir, through Cañada del Salar. According to recent studies, the stream Cañada del Salar could be considered the birth of the river Guadalquivir.


As usual in all municipalities in the area between 1950 and 1980 there was an intense depopulation process. This process has slowed down a lot but has not stopped completely.

Historical population
Source: INE (Spain)



The current Vélez-Blanco sits in the same place where the Muslim population was based towards the thirteenth century, building a citadel on which the Castle of the Marquises de los Vélez would later be built.

The Morería constitutes the most primitive nucleus, with its staggered dwellings built with the castle as the axis.

The population was surrounded by a double wall: the first wall covered the fortress and the mosque (present-day Magdalena Church). Between this wall and the second line is the neighborhood of La Morería.

The outer walls descended from the source of the Cinco Caños (Five Pipes) to the Mesón square, bordering the streets of Palacio and Calasparra and at its conjunction is a gateway to the orchards.

In the Caños de Caravaca there was a door, and from here the wall climbed up the hill to join the door of the Cinco Caños. Outside the walls were the suburbs.

In 1507 the construction of the Fajardo Castle began; for this it was necessary to demolish part of the Arab citadel and the new building stands on its foundations.

The town stretched beyond the Morería neighborhood with newer streets to house the Christian population. The main streets, such as La Corredera, were built. Throughout the 16th century, the population extended along the hillside and through the flat areas. The Church of Santiago was built and became the axis around which the social and commercial life of the town revolved.

Another construction of great importance for urban development and the current configuration of the town, was the Convent of San Luis Obispo, ordered to be built by Don Luis Fajardo between 1601 and 1615 on the other side of the Barranco de las Fuentes. It was occupied by the Franciscan order until 1835 and, between 1916 and 1996, by the Franciscan Concepcionistas. This building soon became the polarizing center of a new population centre, which led to the construction of the "Barrio". This new neighborhood, an area of expansion in the eighteenth century, is organized around the axis formed by Calle San Francisco, from which, and following the topography of the land, houses were then built.

In general, Vélez-Blanco is made up of simple houses, with one or two floors, with whitewashed walls and tiled roofs. The seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, with the population increase experienced in the town, the historic centre was finished. Its current urban structure is defined by the Vélez-Rubio - María road that crosses the town, the hill of Castillo and Las Fuentes to the west, steep slopes to the north and south, and the east is bordered by the Barranco de Canastera and one of the fountains.


  1. ^ "Municipal Register of Spain 2018". National Statistics Institute. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  2. ^ "Sistema de Información Multiterritorial de Andalucía. Vélez-Blanco". Instituto de Estadística y Cartografía de Andalucía (in Spanish). Junta de Andalucía. 31 January 2011. Archived from the original on 16 May 2011. Retrieved 23 September 2019.
  3. ^ "Vélez-Blanco". Diputación Provincial de Almería (in Spanish). 11 April 2005. Archived from the original on 18 December 2005. Retrieved 23 September 2019.
  4. ^ "Patrimonio cultural de Vélez-Blanco en la Guía Digital del Patrimonio Cultural de Andalucía". Instituto Andaluz de Patrimonio Histórico (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 23 September 2019.

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