The victoria is an elegant style of doorless four-wheeled open carriage, drawn by one or two horses, based on the phaeton with the addition of a coachman's seat at the front, and with a retractable roof over the passenger bench.
Named for Queen Victoria, it was possibly based on a phaeton made for George IV. The type was made some time before 1844, but acquired the name victoria around 1870, after one was imported to England by Edward VII, then Prince of Wales, in 1869. Drawn by one or two horses, it became a fashionable style of carriage for ladies riding in the park.
The victoria has a low body with a forward-facing seat for two passengers under a retractable calash top and a raised driver's seat on an iron frame. In the panel-boot type of victoria, sometimes confusingly called a cabriolet, a box under the driver's seat provides storage, a "boot", and forms a dashboard. In a Grand Victoria, a collapsible backwards-facing seat behind the driver accommodates additional passengers; the Victoria-Hansom was a later form of hansom cab based on the victoria.
Victoria in Raymond, Washington
19th-century victoria design by Hooper & Co., coachbuilders to Queen Victoria and the Prince of Wales
Swedish bride and groom in a victoria, 2012
1860 panel-boot victoria by John Kingbury, Albany, New York
Argentine Presidential Victoria in the Museo del Bicentenario, Buenos Aires
- Farrell, Jeremy (1985). Umbrellas & Parasols. Costume Accessories. London: BT Batsford. p. 38. ISBN 9780713448740.
Princess Victoria gave her name to a type of coachman-driven phaeton.According to Farrell, it was introduced and named in the 1830s.
- "Victoria: French carriage". Encyclopædia Britannica. 20 July 1998. Retrieved 7 July 2022. According to Britannica, it developed in France.
- "Carriage Tour: Victoria". Carriage Association of America. Archived from the original on 14 March 2015.
- Media related to Victorias at Wikimedia Commons