Vincenc Lesný was a Czech Indologist and Sanskritist who taught at the Univerzita Karlova v Praze.
In 1923, Lesný traveled to Visva-Bharati University in Santiniketan, Bengal, where he taught German and gained fluency in Bengali. Lesný was studying under Moriz Winternitz, who had been appointed a visiting professor at Visva-Bharati. Lesný was appointed university professor there in 1928.
In 1914, Lesny published Ukazy Poesie A Prosy, a Czech-language translation of selected works by Rabindranath Tagore, whom he had first met in 1920. An English-language version, Rabindranath Tagore, his Personality and Work, appeared in 1939.