Volodymyr (Romaniuk)

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Volodymyr I
Holiest Patriarch of Kiev and all Ruthenia-Ukraine
Native name Володимир І
Church Ukrainian Orthodox Church
See Kyivan Patriarchate
Elected 22 October 1993 (by All-Ukrainian Orthodox Assembly)
Installed 24 October 1993 (at Saint Sophia's Cathedral)
Term ended 14 July 1995
Predecessor Mstyslav
Successor Filaret
Other posts
  • Locum tenens of Patriarchal throne, Metropolitan (1993)
  • Archbishop of Lviv and Sokal (Lviv diocese, 1993)
Consecration 29 April 1990
by Ioan (Bodnarchuk)
Personal details
Birth name Vasyl Omelianovych Romanyuk
Born (1925-12-10)10 December 1925
Khymchyn, Kosiv county, Stanisławów Voivodeship, Poland
Died 14 July 1995(1995-07-14) (aged 69)
Botanic Garden, Kiev, Ukraine
Buried Sofia Square (Sofiyivska plochsha), Kiev
Nationality Ukrainian
Denomination Eastern Orthodox
Spouse Maria Antonyuk
Children Taras Romaniuk
Alma mater Moscow Theological Academy

Volodymyr (secular name Vasyl Omelianovych Romaniuk, Ukrainian: Василь Омелянович Романюк; December 10, 1925, Khymchyn – July 14, 1995, Kiev) was the Patriarch of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church - Kyiv Patriarchate. Initially consecrated as a bishop of the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church by bishop Ioan in 1990, Volodymyr became one of the founders of the united Ukrainian Orthodox Church in June 1992.


He was an ex-political (member of OUN) prisoner who was imprisoned by communist Soviets for 17 years (1944–1954, 1972–1979). In 1979 he became a member of the Ukrainian Helsinki Group, was exiled from 1979 till 1982, and became a political emigrant at the end of the 1980s. On July 1, 1976 Volodymyr renounced his Soviet citizenship.[1]

Between 1987–1990, Vasyl Romaniuk lived in Canada and was a priest of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada. Also he served under the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the USA, whose Metropolitan was Metropolitan Mstyslav (later Patriarch of Kiev). In 1990 with the onset of Perestroyka he returned to Ukraine and became Bishop of Uzhgorod and Vynohradiv. For a short period, he was Archbishop of Lviv and Sokal. In 1993, by the decree of Patriarch Mstyslav (Skrypnyk) he was excommunicated[citation needed] for accepting ordination from Metropolitan Filaret (Denysenko).

On October 22, 1993 he was elected Patriarch of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church - Kyiv Patriarchate. On July 14, 1995 Patriarch Volodymyr (Romaniuk) suddenly died under somewhat mysterious circumstances, with the official diagnosis being causes related to a heart attack.[citation needed] His burial took place on July 18, 1995.[citation needed] Many religious and faithful called the day of burial black Tuesday, because of confrontations that took place between members of the clergy, laypeople of different denominations and the UNA-UNSO members battling riot police, after an unsuccessful attempt to have him buried on the premises of the Saint Sophia Cathedral in Kiev. At least two people were killed[citation needed], dozens more injured. Patriarch Volodymyr (Romaniuk) was succeeded by Metropolitan Filaret (Denysenko) who was enthroned as Patriarch of Kyiv and All Rus’ - Ukraine on October 22, 1995.


  1. ^ Krainiy, I. Archipoor youth of Patriarch. "Ukrayina Moloda".

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Mstyslav (Skrypnyk)
Patriarch of Kiev and all Rus-Ukraine
(Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Kyivan Patriarchate)

Succeeded by
Filaret (Denysenko)