Poltava Oblast

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Poltava Oblast
Полтавська область
Poltavs’ka oblast’
Oblast
Flag of Poltava Oblast
Flag
Coat of arms of Poltava Oblast
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Полтавщина (Poltavshchyna)
Poltava in Ukraine.svg
Country  Ukraine
Administrative center Poltava
Government
 • Governor Valeriy Holovko (Batkivshchyna)
 • Oblast council ? seats
Area
 • Total 28,748 km2 (11,100 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 6th
Population (2006)
 • Total 1,544,085
 • Rank Ranked 12th
 • Density 54/km2 (140/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 36000-38999
Area code +380-53
ISO 3166 code UA-53
Raions 25
Cities (total)
— Regional cities
15
5
Urban-type settlements 21
Villages 1831
FIPS 10-4 UP18
Website www.oblrada.pl.ua/

Poltava Oblast (Ukrainian: Полтавська область, translit. Poltavs’ka oblast’; also referred to as PoltavshchynaUkrainian: Полтавщина) is an oblast (province) of central Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Poltava.

Other important cities within the oblast include: Komsomolsk, Kremenchuk, Lubny and Myrhorod.

Geography[edit]

Poltava Oblast is situated in the central part of Ukraine. Located on the left bank of Dnieper, Poltava region was part of the Cossack Hetmanate. It has an area of 28,800 km². The oblast borders upon Chernihiv, Sumy, Kharkiv, Dnipropetrovsk, Kirovohrad, Cherkasy and Kyiv regions.

Points of interest[edit]

The following historic-cultural sites were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine.

Demographics[edit]

At 2005-05-01, its population was 1,584,446, and population density was 59 people per 1 km².

Age structure[edit]

0-14 years: 13.2% Increase (male 99,444/female 93,949)
15-64 years: 69.9% Steady (male 483,389/female 530,911)
65 years and over: 16.9% Decrease (male 81,435/female 164,861) (2013 official)

Median age[edit]

total: 41.4 years Increase
male: 38.0 years Increase
female: 44.7 years Increase (2013 official)

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

The oblast’ is a center of Ukraine's oil and natural gas industry, with many wells and pipelines situated here. There is a major oil refinery plant in the city of Kremenchuk. Important iron ore processing facilities also present. In general there are 374 large industrial organization and 618 small industrial organizations.

Agriculture[edit]

In 1999 the gross grain yield was about 1452,9 thousand tons, sugar beets – 1002,900 tons, sunflower seeds – 166,200 tons, potatoes – 279,900 tons. The oblast also produced 120,500 tons of meat, 645,900 tons of milk and 423,200,00 eggs. At the beginning of 1999 there were 1,311 registered farms in the region.

Administrative divisions[edit]

The oblast is divided into 25 districts, 5 cities, 21 urban villages, and 1862 villages.

The following data incorporates the number of each type of administrative divisions of the Poltava Oblast’:

  • Administrative Center – 1 (Poltava)
  • Raions — 25;
  • City raions — 5;
  • Settlements — 1526, including:
    • Villages — 1,831;
    • Cities/Towns — 35, including:
      • Urban-type settlement — 21;
      • Cities — 15, including:
        • Cities of oblast' subordinance — 5;
        • Cities of raion subordinance — 8;
  • Rural councils — 384.

The local administration of the oblast' is controlled by the Poltava Oblast Rada. The governor of the oblast’ is the Poltava Oblast’ Rada speaker, appointed by the President of Ukraine.

Name Ukrainian Name Area
(km2)
Population
census 2015[1]
Admin.center Urban Population Only
Poltava Полта́ва (місто) 103 293,945 Poltava (city) 293,945
Komsomolsk Комсомо́льськ (місто) 34 54,701 Horishni Plavni (city) 52,144
Kremenchuk Кременчу́к (місто) 96 223,942 Kremenchuk (city) 223,942
Lubny Лубни (місто) 46 46,820 Lubny (city) 46,820
Myrhorod Миргород (місто) 20 40,440 Myrhorod (city) 40,440
Chornukhy Raion Чорнухинський район 682 11,485 Chornukhy 2,581
Chutove Raion Чутівський район 861 22,976 Chutove 9,468
Dykanka Raion Диканський район 679 18,993 Dykanka 7,804
Hadiach Raion Гадяцький район 1,595 29,767 Hadiach 24,005
Hlobyne Raion Глобинський район 2,500 44,007 Hlobyne 16,182
Hrebinka Raion Гребінківський район 595 22,589 Hrebinka 10,926
Karlivka Raion Карлівський район 854 34,121 Karlivka 14,997
Khorol Raion Хорольський район 1,062 34,670 Khorol 13,304
Kobeliaky Raion Кобеляцький район 1,823 42,419 Kobeliaky 14,982
Kotelva Raion Котелевський район 800 19,674 Kotelva 12,406
Kozelshchyna Raion Козельщинський район 930 19,575 Kozelshchyna 5,981
Kremenchuk Raion Кременчуцький район 1,200 39,699 Kremenchuk (city) N/A *
Lokhvytsia Raion Лохвицький район 1,300 43,274 Lokhvytsia 20,187
Lubny Raion Лубенський район 1,378 31,983 Lubny (city) N/A *
Mashivka Raion Машівський район 889 19,609 Mashivka 3,815
Myrhorod Raion Миргородський район 1,540 32,115 Myrhorod (city) N/A *
Novi Sanzhary Raion Новосанжарський район 1,300 34,620 Novi Sanzhary 8,375
Orzhytsia Raion Оржицький район 1,000 24228 Orzhytsia 5,369
Poltava Raion Полтавський район 1,259 67,095 Poltava (city) N/A *
Pyriatyn Raion Пирятинський район 864 31,809 Pyriatyn 15,796
Reshetylivka Raion Решетилівський район 1,009 26,399 Reshetylivka 9,340
Semenivka Raion Семенівський район 1,300 25,456 Semenivka 6,244
Shyshaky Raion Шишацький район 790 20,423 Shyshaky 4,545
Velyka Bahachka Raion Великобагачанський район 1,000 25,145 Velyka Bahachka 8,350
Zinkiv Raion Зіньківський район 1,360 34,700 Zinkiv 15,179
Note: Asterisks (*) Though the administrative center of the rayon is housed in the city/town that its named after, cities do not answer to the rayon authorities only towns do; instead they are directly subordinated to the oblast government and therefore are not counted as part of rayon statistics.

Nomenclature[edit]

Most of Ukraine's oblasts are named after their capital cities, officially referred to as "oblast centers" (Ukrainian: обласний центр, translit. oblasnyi tsentr). The name of each oblast is a relative adjective, formed by adding a feminine suffix to the name of respective center city: Poltava is the center of the Poltavs’ka oblast’ (Poltava Oblast). Most oblasts are also sometimes referred to in a feminine noun form, following the convention of traditional regional place names, ending with the suffix "-shchyna", as is the case with the Poltava Oblast, Poltavshchyna.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population Quantity". UkrStat (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 15 January 2016. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 49°30′N 34°00′E / 49.500°N 34.000°E / 49.500; 34.000