Poltava Oblast

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Poltava Oblast
Полтавська область
Poltavs’ka oblast’
Oblast
Flag of Poltava Oblast
Flag
Coat of arms of Poltava Oblast
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Полтавщина (Poltavshchyna)
Poltava in Ukraine.svg
Country  Ukraine
Administrative center Poltava
Government
 • Governor Viktor Buhaychuk (Svoboda)
 • Oblast council ? seats
 • Chairperson Petro Vorona (UDAR)
Area
 • Total 28,748 km2 (11,100 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 6th
Population (2006)
 • Total 1,544,085
 • Rank Ranked 12th
 • Density 54/km2 (140/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 36000-38999
Area code +380-53
ISO 3166 code UA-53
Raions 25
Cities (total)
— Regional cities
15
5
Urban-type settlements 21
Villages 1831
FIPS 10-4 UP18
Website www.obladmin.poltava.ua

Poltava Oblast (Ukrainian: Полтавська область, translit. Poltavs’ka oblast’; also referred to as PoltavshchynaUkrainian: Полтавщина) is an oblast (province) of central Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Poltava.

Other important cities within the oblast include: Komsomolsk, Kremenchuk, Lubny and Myrhorod.

Geography[edit]

Poltava Oblast is situated in the central part of Ukraine. It has an area of 28,800 km². The oblast’ borders upon Chernihiv, Sumy, Kharkiv, Dnipropetrovs’k, Kirovohrad, Cherkasy and Kyiv regions.

Points of interest[edit]

The following historic-cultural sites were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine.

Demographics[edit]

At 2005-05-01, its population was 1,584,446, and population density was 59 people per 1 km².

Age structure[edit]

0-14 years: 13.2% Increase (male 99,444/female 93,949)
15-64 years: 69.9% Steady (male 483,389/female 530,911)
65 years and over: 16.9% Decrease (male 81,435/female 164,861) (2013 official)

Median age[edit]

total: 41.4 years Increase
male: 38.0 years Increase
female: 44.7 years Increase (2013 official)

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

The oblast’ is a center of Ukraine's oil and natural gas industry, with many wells and pipelines situated here. There is a major oil refinery plant in the city of Kremenchuk. Important iron ore processing facilities also present. In general there are 374 large industrial organization and 618 small industrial organizations.

Agriculture[edit]

In 1999 the gross grain yield was about 1452,9 thousand tons, sugar beets – 1002,900 tons, sunflower seeds – 166,200 tons, potatoes – 279,900 tons. The oblast also produced 120,500 tons of meat, 645,900 tons of milk and 423,200,00 eggs. At the beginning of 1999 there were 1,311 registered farms in the region.

Administrative divisions[edit]

The oblast is divided into 25 districts, 15 cities including 5 settlements of city estate, 21 urban villages, and 1862 villages.

The following data incorporates the number of each type of administrative divisions of the Poltava Oblast’:

  • Administrative Center – 1 (Poltava)
  • Raions — 25;
  • City raions — 5;
  • Settlements — 1526, including:
    • Villages — 1,831;
    • Cities/Towns — 35, including:
      • Urban-type settlement — 21;
      • Cities — 15, including:
        • Cities of oblast' subordinance — 5;
        • Cities of raion subordinance — 8;
  • Settlement councils — 384.

The local administration of the oblast' is controlled by the Poltava Oblast Rada. The governor of the oblast’ is the Poltava Oblast’ Rada speaker, appointed by the President of Ukraine.

Nomenclature[edit]

Most of Ukraine's oblasts are named after their capital cities, officially referred to as "oblast centers" (Ukrainian: обласний центр, translit. oblasnyi tsentr). The name of each oblast is a relative adjective, formed by adding a feminine suffix to the name of respective center city: Poltava is the center of the Poltavs’ka oblast’ (Poltava Oblast). Most oblasts are also sometimes referred to in a feminine noun form, following the convention of traditional regional place names, ending with the suffix "-shchyna", as is the case with the Poltava Oblast, Poltavshchyna.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 49°30′N 34°00′E / 49.500°N 34.000°E / 49.500; 34.000