|First Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers|
1 November 1985 – 7 June 1989
|Prime Minister||Nikolai Ryzhkov|
|First Secretary of the Stavropol Regional Committee of the Communist Party|
4 December 1978 – 11 April 1985
|Preceded by||Mikhail Gorbachev|
|Succeeded by||Ivan Boldyrev|
|First Secretary of the Karachay-Cherkessia Regional Committee of the Communist Party|
25 June 1975 – 16 December 1978
|Preceded by||Fyodor Burmistrov|
|Succeeded by||Alexei Inzhievsky|
Vsevolod Serafimovich Murakhovsky|
20 October 1926
Luhansk Oblast, Ukrainian SSR
|Died||12 January 2017(aged 90)|
|Political party||Communist Party|
|Alma mater||Stavropol Pedagogical Institute|
Vsevolod Serafimovich Murakhovsky (Russian: Всеволод Серафимович Мураховский; 20 October 1926 – 12 January 2017) was a Ukrainian-Russian politician who served as first deputy premier during the Gorbachev Era.
Early life and education
Murakhovsky hailed from an Ukrainian family. He was born in a village of Holubivka, near Kreminna (today Luhansk Oblast), on 20 October 1926. He attended Stavropol Pedagogical Institute and graduated in 1954.
Murakhovsky served in the Soviet army from 1944 to 1950. In 1946, he joined the Communist Party. Then he worked as a communist party officer in the Stavropol region from 1954 to 1985. He also served as the first Secretary of the Stavropol Komsomol Committee. He replaced Mikhail Gorbachev as first secretary of party's regional committee when the latter was appointed to party's central committee secretariat in Moscow in 1978. In 1981, Murakhovsky became a full member of the party's central committee.
Murakhovsky was appointed by the then Soviet president Gorbachev, his long-time friend, as one of the three first deputy premiers on 1 November 1985. It was his first post in Soviet administration. Murakhovsky was in charge of agriculture and related affairs and also appointed chairman of the state committee for the agro-industrial complex, Gosagroprom, which was abolished in 1989. The reason for disestablishment of the body was its proven inefficiency for which Gorbachev criticised Murakhovsky. Murakhovsky's term also ended in 1989.
Decorations and awards
- Hero of Socialist Labour (1982)
- Two Orders of Lenin
- Order of the October Revolution
- Order of the Patriotic War, 2nd class
- Order of the Red Banner of Labour
- Order of the Badge of Honour
- Medal "For Services to the Stavropol Territory" (2001)
- Honorary Citizen of the Stavropol Territory (awarded by Resolution of the Governor of the Stavropol Territory on 28 October 2008 for his contribution to the economic, social and cultural development of the Stavropol Territory)
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- Matsur, Maria (12 January 2017). "Ушел из жизни экс-руководитель Ставрополья Всеволод Мураховский". Российская газета (in Russian). Retrieved 12 January 2017.
- "Ушел из жизни Всеволод Мураховский". Pravda. (in Russian). 12 January 2017. Retrieved 12 January 2017.