Warrumbungle National Park

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Warrumbungle National Park
New South Wales
IUCN category II (national park)
The Breadknife.jpg
Warrumbungle National Park is located in New South Wales
Warrumbungle National Park
Warrumbungle National Park
Nearest town or city Coonabarabran
Coordinates 31°17′32″S 149°00′29″E / 31.29222°S 149.00806°E / -31.29222; 149.00806Coordinates: 31°17′32″S 149°00′29″E / 31.29222°S 149.00806°E / -31.29222; 149.00806
Area 233.11 km2 (90.0 sq mi)[1]
Visitation 35,000 (in 2011)[1]
Managing authorities National Parks and Wildlife Service (New South Wales)
Website Warrumbungle National Park
See also Protected areas of
New South Wales

Warrumbungle National Park is a heritage listed national park located in the Orana region of New South Wales, Australia. The national park is located approximately 550 kilometres (340 mi) northwest of Sydney and contained within 23,311 hectares (57,600 acres). The park attracts approximately 35,000 visitors per annum.[1]

The national park is based on the geographical Warrumbungle Mountain Range, sometimes shortened to the Warrumbungles, and thus the park name is often heard in the plural. The park lies within the Pilliga Important Bird Area, so identified by BirdLife International because of its importance for a range of woodland bird species, many of which are threatened.[2]

Warrumbungle National Park was added to the Australian National Heritage List in December 2006.[3]

On 4 July 2016, the park was the first within Australia to be certified as a Dark Sky Park by the International Dark Sky Association.[4][5]

Access[edit]

The nearest towns to the park are Baradine, Coonabarabran, Coonamble, Gilgandra, Gulargambone, and Tooraweenah. Access via Coonabarabran to the east is by 27 kilometres (17 mi) of sealed road called the John Renshaw Parkway, built in 1966.[6] Via Coonamble to the west, access is by a 57 kilometres (35 mi) long road with some gravel.[7]

The park is contained within three local government areas: Warrumbungle Shire to the east, Gilgandra Shire to the south and Coonamble Shire to the west.[1]

Features[edit]

Crater Bluff

Located within the large area of temperate savanna grasslands the park incorporates the most spectactular part of the Warrumbungle mountains, a region of past volcanic activity with unusual lava formations. Some of the most well-known rock formations include Bluff Mountain, Mount Exmouth (tallest mountain in the park), The Breadknife, Split Rock, Fans Horizon and Crater Bluff.

There are many scenic bushwalks and both rock climbing and abseiling are popular.[7] Though the park preserved habitat for koalas in the past, a massive 2013 fire decimated the koala population; none are thought to have survived.[8]

Located immediately adjacent to the national park is the Siding Spring Observatory. The observatory, officially opened in 1965, was constructed on the boundary of the park partly because the park provided a light-free environment. This scientific facility consists of several internationally important telescopes and has considerable socio-economic importance to the local Coonabarabran community.[1]

Facilities[edit]

There are four main campsites. All camping in the park is only permitted after obtaining a permit. There is a visitors centre for bookings and keys to a number of huts. The park also caters for large school groups. There are free electric barbecues available however firewood is not supplied or to be collected within park grounds.

History[edit]

A proposal to reserve the more scenic parts of the Warrumbungle Range as the Warrumbungle National Monument was first initiated by the National Parks and Primitive Areas Council in 1936.[1] The area was first proclaimed as a reserve in 1953.[7] In 1967 management of the park was signed over to the National Parks and Wildlife Service.[6] The construction of a network of walking tracks done by hand was headed by the parks first ranger, Carl Dow.[6] The park was added to the list of the National Heritage in December 2006,[9] in recognition of the park's importance as an extensive and spectacular geomorphological site with bold volcanic landforms that are unrivalled anywhere else in Australia; for its unique values as a transition zone between the arid western and wetter coastal zones; and its significance as an important refugium in inland south-east Australia.[1]

2013 forest fire[edit]

Warrumbungle National Park after January 2013 fire

In January 2013 about 80% of the national park was destroyed in a conflagration that burned much of the area surrounding the park as well as destroying dozens of homes. The visitor centre and museum were wiped out, as well as railings and viewing platforms throughout the park. The park was closed after the fire, but has since reopened, although some parts remain closed.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Plan of Management: Warrumbungle National Park" (PDF). NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service. Government of New South Wales: Office of Environment and Heritage. November 2012. ISBN 978-1-74293-945-2. Retrieved 26 March 2014. 
  2. ^ "IBA: Pilliga". Birdata. Birds Australia. Retrieved 18 September 2011. 
  3. ^ "Warrumbungle National Park". Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. Retrieved 18 June 2010. 
  4. ^ "Warrumbungles Becomes Australia's First 'Dark Sky Park'". huffingtonpost.com.au. 
  5. ^ "First Dark Sky Park in Australia Designated". darksky.org. 4 July 2016. 
  6. ^ a b c "Warrumbungle National Park: Culture and history". Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water. Retrieved 2 November 2009. 
  7. ^ a b c Hema Maps (1997). Discover Australia's National Parks. Milsons Point, New South Wales: Random House Australia. pp. 132—133. ISBN 1-875992-47-2. 
  8. ^ "Rain falls on Warrumbungle fireground". abc.net.au. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 29 January 2013. Retrieved 17 May 2017. 
  9. ^ "National Heritage Places - Warrumbungle National Park". environment.gov.au/heritage/places/national. Australian Government: Department of the Environment and Energy. Retrieved 17 May 2017. 
  10. ^ Barlass, Tim (20 January 2013). "Reserve burnt to a cinder". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 9 Mar 2013. 

External links[edit]