Washington Initiative 937

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Ballot Initiative 937 (official name Initiative measure no. 937, known as I-937) is a clean energy initiative passed in the US state of Washington, appearing on the ballot in the November 2006 elections. It passed with 52 percent of the vote.[1]

Content of the proposal[edit]

The initiative requires large utilities to obtain 15% of their electricity from new renewable resources such as solar and wind (but excluding hydro) by 2020 with incremental steps of 3% by 2012 and 9% by 2016. It also requires that utilities undertake all cost-effective energy conservation.[2]

Precedents[edit]

Similar legislation has been enacted in at least 20 other states including the following. (The table is sorted by date and then by descending percentage. I-937 is included in bold.)

State Name Enacted Percentage By Comments/Source
Maine 30% 2000
Arizona 1.1% 2007
Massachusetts 4% 2009
Connecticut 10% 2010
Iowa ~10% 2010
New Mexico 10% 2011
New York 24% 2013
Nevada 20% 2015
Minnesota 19% 2015
Montana 15% 2015
Colorado Amendment 37 2004 10% 2015 First ballot initiative[3]
Texas ~4.2% 2015 5.88 GW
California 20% 2017
Rhode Island 16% 2019
Delaware 10% 2019
Maryland 7.5% 2019
New Jersey 22.5% 2020
Hawaii 20% 2020
Washington I-937 15% 2020
Washington, D.C. 11% 2022
Pennsylvania 8% 2020

Unless indicated otherwise, data are from [4]

Supporters[edit]

Supporters included the following:[5]

Elected officials[edit]

Civic and political organizations[edit]

Health organizations[edit]

Energy and labor[edit]

Environmental[edit]

Faith[edit]

Newspapers[edit]

Opponents[edit]

Opponents included many small co-op electrical providers (even though the initiative affects only utilities with greater than 25,000 customers) as well as the following:[6]

References[edit]

External links[edit]