West Grimstead

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Not to be confused with West Grinstead.
West Grimstead
West Grimstead Village Hall - geograph.org.uk - 349163.jpg
West Grimstead Village Hall
West Grimstead is located in Wiltshire
West Grimstead
West Grimstead
 West Grimstead shown within Wiltshire
OS grid reference SU211267
Civil parish Grimstead
Unitary authority Wiltshire
Ceremonial county Wiltshire
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Salisbury
Postcode district SP5
Dialling code 01722
Police Wiltshire
Fire Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament Salisbury
Website Village
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire

Coordinates: 51°02′20″N 1°42′04″W / 51.039°N 1.701°W / 51.039; -1.701

West Grimstead is a village in Grimstead civil parish, on the River Dun in Wiltshire, England, about 4.5 miles (7.2 km) southeast of Salisbury.

History[edit]

Until the early 20th century, much of West Grimstead was owned by landed gentry and was part of larger estates. There are early references to the De Grimstede family, the village passing from them through the male line first to the Perots, then to the Berkeleys; next through the female line to the Breretons; again by the male line to Sir William Compton of Compton Wynyates. West Grimstead was then sold by Richard Compton to Sir Stephen Fox, later Earl of Ilchester. West Grimstead remained part of the Ilchester estate through the 18th century until it was sold to the 2nd Earl of Radnor in 1801 at the time of the parish's Inclosure Act. In 1916 the whole village was sold by the Longford Estate, mainly to sitting tenants.[1]

The Salisbury and Southampton Canal was built close to the north of the village. In 1803 the section eastward from West Grimstead was opened, linking to the Andover Canal near Kimbridge; the canal was never completed as far as Salisbury and closed in 1806.

In 1847 the London and South Western Railway opened its line between Bishopstoke in Hampshire and Milford station at Salisbury, following the route of the canal but in a straighter line. The railway remains open as part of the Wessex Main Line from Salisbury to Southampton.

Religious sites[edit]

Parts of the Church of England parish church of Saint John date from about 1300,[2] but the brick tower is from the early 18th century.[3] A stained glass window by Heaton, Butler and Bayne was installed in 1900 and in 1960 the church was designated as Grade II* listed.[4]

A Wesleyan Methodist chapel was built in the village in 1825 and gained more worshippers than the church. A larger chapel was built on the same site in 1869 and a schoolroom was added in 1885.[5] The chapel closed in 2009[6] and was converted for residential use.

Local government[edit]

Since 1934 the village has elected Grimstead parish council, together with East Grimstead.[1] It is in the area of Wiltshire Council unitary authority, which performs all significant local government functions.

Amenities[edit]

There is a village hall, built in 1913.[1] The village shop and public house closed some years ago. The village school closed in 1993, replaced by a new school built in Alderbury for the children of both Alderbury and West Grimstead.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Grimstead". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 9 December 2015. 
  2. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus; Cherry, Bridget (revision) (1975). The Buildings of England: Wiltshire. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. p. 563. ISBN 0 14 0710-26 4. 
  3. ^ "Church of St. John, West Grimstead". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 10 December 2015. 
  4. ^ Historic England. "Church of St John, Grimstead (1284888)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 10 December 2015. 
  5. ^ "Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, West Grimstead". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 10 December 2015. 
  6. ^ "West Grimstead". Clarendon Team Ministry. Retrieved 10 December 2015. 
  7. ^ "West Grimstead Church of England School". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 10 December 2015. 

External links[edit]

Media related to West Grimstead at Wikimedia Commons