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The Westminster Bubble (also called the Westminster village) is a characterisation of members of the Parliament of the United Kingdom as being isolated from life outside Parliament. This includes Members of Parliament, Peers, lobbyists, researchers, secretaries, civil servants, lobby correspondents and leader writers for newspapers and is so named because Parliament is located in Westminster, London.
Politicians in this bubble often graduate from prestigious private schools and climb the political ladder to become MPs, always remaining in the professional bubble of Westminster, creating a certain set of life experiences in which of often argued to be displayed in many of the MPs in London.
Furthermore, The Westminster Bubble can also be viewed as a centralisation of political issues geographically around Westminster and Parliament, where in which London based and diplomatic issues gain more attention than more regional issues in other areas of the United Kingdom, specifically Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, in which have been argued to have been in some cases "left behind" in the decision making processes in Westminster due to a centralisation of focus on issues specific to the capital of London and England, especially in regard to Brexit: both Scotland and Northern Ireland voted to remain in the European Union, but have been forced to undertake the verdict of the Westminster government.
A similar situation occurs in the United States, where the governmental culture in and around Washington, D.C. is sometimes known as the "Washington Bubble" or more often "Inside the Beltway". More recently, in Scotland, there has been a development of a "Holyrood bubble", as the Scottish Parliament is in the Holyrood district of Edinburgh.
A recent example of the characterization includes Peter Hain speaking in the House on 29 January 2004:
"All broadcasters, the whole coverage of politics, the Westminster bubble that we as politicians of the Government and Opposition occupy together with the Westminster lobby; together we are all conducting politics in a way that is turning off voters, listeners, readers and watchers by the million."
In July the previous year he had described it in a newspaper article as:
"That politically incestuous world occupied by politicians, government and opposition, together with the media. Politicians, news broadcasters and journalists now form a 'political class' which is in a frenzied world of its own, divorced from the people, and which is turning off viewers, listeners and readers from politics by the million.".
- Full July 2003 Peter Hain article
- Straight talking on Westminster village, The Times, December 21, 2004