White Bluff (Demopolis, Alabama)

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White Bluff
White Bluff Demopolis.jpg
White Bluff, below the Demopolis Civic Center.
White Bluff (Demopolis, Alabama) is located in Alabama
White Bluff (Demopolis, Alabama)
White Bluff (Demopolis, Alabama) is located in the US
White Bluff (Demopolis, Alabama)
Location Arch Street, Demopolis, Alabama
Coordinates 32°31′10.38″N 87°50′30.43″W / 32.5195500°N 87.8417861°W / 32.5195500; -87.8417861Coordinates: 32°31′10.38″N 87°50′30.43″W / 32.5195500°N 87.8417861°W / 32.5195500; -87.8417861
Area 6 acres (2.4 ha)
Built 1817
NRHP Reference # 70000106[1]
Added to NRHP August 25, 1970

White Bluff, also known as Ecor Blanc, is a historic site located along the Tombigbee River in Demopolis, Alabama.[1][2] It is a chalk cliff, roughly one mile long, that is composed of a geological layer known as the Demopolis Chalk Formation, part of the Selma Group. The upper portions of the cliff stood almost 80 feet (24 m) above the river before the construction of the Demopolis Lock and Dam downriver. It now averages about 30 feet (9.1 m) above the river.[1]

White Bluff was first named Ecor Blanc by 18th century French explorers and map makers. It also became known as the Chickasaw Gallery because early Native American inhabitants harnessed their boats at the foot of the cliff. It was the site where French Bonapartist refugees landed in 1817 and established their Vine and Olive Colony.[3] White Bluff is the site for the main event of the annual Christmas on the River festival.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ "Marengo County". "Alabama's Front Porches". Retrieved 2008-01-26. 
  3. ^ "ADAH: Marengo Historical Markers". "Alabama Department of Archives and History". Archived from the original on 2007-08-21. Retrieved 2008-01-26. 
  4. ^ "About Christmas on the River". Demopolis Area Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 7 December 2008.