Gabriel Fauré (nom), by Tim riley. French composer, pianist and teacher Gabriel Fauré (1845–1924) was one of the foremost French composers of his generation and influenced the reception of modern music in France. Among his best-known works are Pavane, Requiem, nocturnes for piano, and the songs "Après un rêve" and "Clair de lune". Although drawn to music as a young boy, after graduating college he worked as an organist and teacher, leaving him little time for composition. Most of his compositions were written on retreats in the countryside.
Banksia oblongifolia (nom), by Casliber. Banksia oblongifolia, commonly known as the fern-leaved or rusty banksia, is a species in the plant genus Banksia found in parts of Australia. It generally grows in sandy soils in heath, open forest or swamp margins and wet areas. A many-stemmed shrub up to 3 m (10 ft) high, it has leathery serrated leaves and rusty-coloured new growth. The yellow flower spikes, known as inflorescences, most commonly appear in autumn and early winter. Up to 80 follicles, or seed pods, develop on the spikes after flowering.
Lactarius torminosus (nom), by Sasata. Lactarius torminosus is a large agaric fungus found in North Africa, northern Asia, Europe, and North America. First described in 1774, the fungus has been switched between genera several times. It associates with various trees, and its mushrooms grow on the ground singly or in groups in mixed forests. The pink and ochre-hued caps can reach a diameter of up to 10 cm (3.9 in). The species is highly irritating to the digestive system when eaten raw, but has a peppery flavor when prepared properly.
Mary, Queen of Scots (nom), by DrKiernan. Mary, Queen of Scots (1542–87) was queen regnant of Scotland 1542 to 1567. Following an uprising against Mary and her third husband in 1567, Mary was imprisoned in Loch Leven Castle and forced to abdicate in favour of her one-year-old son, James. After an unsuccessful attempt to regain the throne, she fled south seeking the protection of her first cousin once removed, Queen Elizabeth I of England. Perceiving her as a threat, Elizabeth had her confined in a number of castles and manor houses in England. After more than 18 years in custody, Mary was tried and executed for her involvement in plots to assassinate Elizabeth.
1740 Batavia massacre (nom), by Crisco 1492. The 1740 Batavia massacre (Dutch: Chinezenmoord, literally "Murder of the Chinese"; Indonesian: Geger Pacinan, meaning "Chinese Tumult") was a pogrom against ethnic Chinese in the port city of Batavia (present-day Jakarta) in the Dutch East Indies. The violence inside the city lasted from 9 October to 22 October 1740; minor skirmishes outside the walls continued late into November. Historians have estimated that at least 10,000 ethnic Chinese were massacred. The massacre's legacy is found in Dutch literature, and as a possible etymology for the names of several areas in Jakarta.
Singapore strategy (nom), by Hawkeye7. Between 1919 and 1941, the British Empire developed several war plans to deter or defeat aggression by the Empire of Japan by basing a fleet of the Royal Navy at Singapore. Because of financial, political and practical difficulties, the strategy was not fully and effectively put to use, ultimately leading to the despatch of Force Z to Singapore and the sinking of the Prince of Wales and Repulse by Japanese air attack on 10 December 1941. In February 1942, Singapore surrendered after a week of fighting, described by Winston Churchill as "the worst disaster and largest capitulation in British history".
Ralph Neville (nom), by Ealdgyth. Ralph Neville (died 1244) was a medieval clergyman and politician who served as Bishop of Chichester and Lord Chancellor of England. Neville first appears in the historical record in 1207 in the service of King John of England, and remained in royal service throughout the rest of his life. By 1213 Neville had custody of the Great Seal of England and was rewarded with the bishopric of Chichester in 1222. He was briefly Archbishop-elect of Canterbury and Bishop-elect of Winchester, but both elections were quashed and he held neither office.
Free will (review); delisted because the article has deteriorated and there are multiple unfixed problems.
Three featured lists were promoted this week:
2011 IIHF World Championship rosters (nom) by Salavat. The 2011 IIHF World Championship rosters consisted of 397 players from 16 national ice hockey teams. Organised by the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF), the 2011 IIHF World Championship, held in Bratislava and Košice, Slovakia, was the 75th edition of the tournament. Finland won the tournament for the second time defeating Sweden 6–1 in the final.
List of Atlanta Thrashers draft picks (nom) by Leech44. The Atlanta Thrashers were a professional ice hockey franchise based in Atlanta, Georgia, United States. They played in the Southeast Division of the Eastern Conference in the National Hockey League. The franchise was founded in 1999 and existed for 12 years before relocating to Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada to become the Jets in 2011. During their existence, the Thrashers drafted 107 players with the 2010 draft being their twelfth and final.
List of New York Yankees owners and executives (nom) by Muboshgu. The New York Yankees are a Major League Baseball franchise based in The Bronx, New York City, in the American League East division. This list consists of Yankee owners, general managers (GM) and other executives. The GM controls player transactions, hires the manager and coaching staff, and negotiates with players and agents regarding contracts. The longest-tenured owner in team history is George Steinbrenner, the principal owner from 1973 until his death in 2010. The current owners are Hal Steinbrenner and his brother Hank Steinbrenner. Brian Cashman is the GM.
Five featured pictures were promoted this week:
Lucky Diamond Rich (face) (nom; related article), created by TOONMAN_blchin and nominated by Crisco 1492. New Zealand-born Lucky Diamond Rich, a performance artist, has held the title of most tattooed man in the world since 2006. This image shows his head and upper torso; reviewers commented that a full body shot would have been preferable.
Supernova Remnant SN 1006 (nom; related article), created by several space agencies and nominated by Brandmeister. In the year 1006, a supernova occurred in the constellation Lupus. The brightest apparent magnitude stellar event in recorded history, the remnants of this supernova are shown in this composite image of X-ray, radio, and optical data.
Lava lake in Nyiragongo (nom; related article), created by Caitjeenk and nominated by Crisco 1492. The volcano Nyiragongo in the Democratic Republic of the Congo has at several times been home to an active lava lake; this one was shot in 2011. According to reviewer Purpy Pupple, "without a doubt this the sheer amazingness of the image outweighs any technical deficiency."