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William C. Dudley

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Bill Dudley
10th President of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York
In office
January 27, 2009 – June 18, 2018
Preceded byTim Geithner
Succeeded byJohn Williams
Personal details
Born1953 (age 70–71)
SpouseAnn Darby
EducationNew College, Florida (BA)
University of California, Berkeley (MA, PhD)

William C. Dudley (born 1953)[1] is an American economist who served as the president of Federal Reserve Bank of New York from 2009 to 2018 and as vice-chairman of the Federal Open Market Committee.[2][3] He was appointed to the position on January 27, 2009, following the confirmation of his predecessor, Timothy F. Geithner, as United States Secretary of the Treasury.

Early life and education[edit]

Dudley attended the Williston Northampton School in Easthampton, Massachusetts. He spent his freshman year at Columbia University and subsequently earned a B.A. degree from New College of Florida in 1974, and a PhD in economics from the University of California, Berkeley in 1982.[3][4][5]


Dudley worked at Goldman Sachs from 1986 to 2007 where he held the position of chief U.S. economist. In 2007 he was hired by then-president of the New York Federal Reserve Timothy Geithner to oversee the department in charge of buying and selling government securities.[6][7] When Timothy Geithner became the Secretary of Treasury in 2009, Dudley became the 10th President of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York.

In 2019, Dudley joined the Griswold Center for Economic Policy Studies at Princeton University as a senior research scholar. He is currently the Chair of the Bretton Woods Committee. He is a member of the Group of Thirty and the Council on Foreign Relations. He was a member of the Bank for International Settlements Board of Directors from 2009 to 2018 and chaired the BIS Committee on Payment and Settlement Systems (2009-2012) and the Committee on the Global Financial System (2012-2018).

Dudley worked closely with Chairman Bernanke, Chair Yellen, and Chairman Powell as Vice-Chairman of the FOMC during 2009–2018.

Economic views[edit]

Dudley pioneered the importance of financial conditions in assessing the appropriate stance of monetary policy. He also led an effort by the NY Fed to highlight the importance of improving culture and conduct in the financial services industry.[8] He has stressed the importance of incentives. Incentives drive conduct and behavior and this helps establish the social norms that define culture.

In 2002, Dudley wrote the Federal Reserve should have "tightened policy earlier and more aggressively during the 1996-1999 period", with the hope that the downward forces would not have been so intense after the collapse of the stock market that began in 2000.[9]

Dudley was criticized for remarks over food inflation in 2011 when he argued that you have to look at all prices when looking at inflation. He noted that some prices like the iPad were effectively falling as the next generation was twice as powerful at the same price. A member of the crowd shouted "I can't eat an iPad".[10]

When asked about the drop in the stock market on February 8, 2018, Dudley said, "So far, I'd say this is small potatoes."[11]

In December 2020, Dudley noted that an inflation scare was likely. Base effects and supply chain disruptions were likely to push inflation well above 2%. Dudley also highlighted the flaws in the Fed’s new long-term monetary framework, pointing out that how the Fed operationalized its new 2% average inflation targeting regime meant that it would be slow to tighten monetary policy. The likely result would be the Fed forced to respond more aggressively later, resulting in higher short-term rates and, ultimately, a greater risk of a hard landing and recession.


Together with his wife Ann, Dudley has been a resident of Cranford, New Jersey, where he has been an active community volunteer.[12]


  1. ^ Who's Who In America - 2010 (64th ed.). Marquis Who's Who. 2009.
  2. ^ "New York Fed Names William C. Dudley President". 2009-01-27. Retrieved 2009-01-27.
  3. ^ a b "William C. Dudley". Federal Reserve Bank. January 2009. Retrieved 2009-01-27.
  4. ^ Kristina Cooke (2009-01-27). "Dudley to succeed Geithner to head New York Fed". Reuters. Retrieved 2009-01-27.
  5. ^ "William C. Dudley | Federal Reserve History". www.federalreservehistory.org. Retrieved 2021-06-23.
  6. ^ Neil Irwin (2009-01-27). "Dudley Will Replace Geithner at New York Fed". Washington Post. Retrieved 2009-01-27.
  7. ^ Creswell, Julie and Ben White (2008-10-19). "The Guys From 'Government Sachs'". New York Times. pp. BU1.
  8. ^ Eavis, Peter (18 June 2018). "New York Fed Will Remain Focused on Bankers' Ethics". Dealbook. Retrieved 4 April 2019.
  9. ^ William C. Dudley (2002-07-22). "Economic beat: Bubble trouble for the Federal Reserve". 82 (29). Barron's: 26. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  10. ^ "'I Can't Eat an iPad'". The Wall Street Journal. March 15, 2011. Retrieved May 26, 2013.
  11. ^ "'Fed's Dudley says drop in stocks is 'small potatoes''". MarketWatch. February 9, 2018. Retrieved February 9, 2018.
  12. ^ "Cranford resident appointed president and CEO of the NY Federal Reserve", NJ.com, February 4, 2009. Accessed September 19, 2019. "William C. Dudley, a Cranford resident, has been appointed to serve as the president and chief executive officer of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York... An active volunteer in the township, Darby was a Township Commissioner from 2003 to 2005.."

Further reading[edit]

Other offices
Preceded by President of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York
Succeeded by