William Huntington Russell
William Huntington Russell
|Member of the Connecticut House of Representatives for New Haven|
|Born||12 August 1809|
Middletown, Connecticut, US
|Died||19 May 1885 (aged 75)|
New Haven, Connecticut, US
|Resting place||Grove Street Cemetery|
|Political party||Whig, Republican|
|Spouse(s)||Mary Elizabeth Hubbard|
|Relatives||Samuel Russell (cousin)|
|Education||A.L.S. & M. Academy|
|Alma mater||Yale College|
Yale School of Medicine
|Occupation||Businessman, educator, politician|
|Known for||Co-founder of Yale secret society Skull & Bones|
William Huntington Russell (12 August 1809 – 19 May 1885) was an American businessman, educator, and politician. Notably, he was a co-founder (along with Alphonso Taft) of the Yale University secret society Skull and Bones.:82
Russell was born in Middletown, Connecticut on 12 August 1809. He was the eighth of thirteen children born to Mary (née Huntington) Russell (1769–1857) and Matthew Talcott Russell (1761–1828), a Justice of the Peace who served as the State's Attorney for Middlesex County and the treasurer of the Middletown. Among his siblings were sisters Mary Huntington Russell and Harriet Russell (the wife of George Larned).
He was a descendant of several old New England families, including those of Huntington, Pierpont, Hooker, Willett, Bingham, and Russell. His ancestor, Rev. Noadiah Russell, was a founder and original trustee of Yale College. William's older cousin, Samuel Russell, founded the successful merchant trading firm Russell & Co. in 1823, but William was never associated with this firm.
Russell was a cadet at the American Literary, Scientific and Military Academy (later Norwich University) from 1826 until graduation in 1828, where he was taught under strict military discipline. In 1828, William's father died. Despite being under severe financial restraints, he entered Yale College, graduating in 1833.
Russell had planned on entering the ministry, but his financial problems forced him to obtain an immediate income through teaching. Therefore, from September 1833 to May 1835, he taught in Princeton, New Jersey before entering a tutorship at Yale. In September 1836, he opened a private prep school for boys in a small dwelling house. The school would become known as the New Haven Collegiate and Commercial Institute. To begin with, the school was only attended by a small number of boys, but by the time of Russell's death the school had become well known and had graduated around 4,000 boys. While running the Institute, Russell returned to Yale where graduated from the Yale School of Medicine in 1828 with a M.D. degree.
In about 1840, Russell introduced a very thorough military drill and discipline into his school. He foresaw a Civil War in the future, and wanted to make sure his boys were prepared to fight for the Union. His students were so well schooled in military affairs that on the outbreak of Civil War some were enlisted as drill instructors. He also served on the Board of Visitors appointed by the Secretary of War in 1863 to inspect and produce a report on West Point. Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry Barnard also served on this committee.
He not only gave his students to the Union army, but also his own services. Governor William Alfred Buckingham realized that Russell was one of the most knowledgeable men in military affairs. For this reason, Russell was hired to organize the Connecticut militia. He was later made a major-general by act of the legislature in April 1862.
From 1846 to 1847, Russell served as a Whig in the Connecticut state legislature, representing New Haven. Upon the repeal of the Missouri Compromise in 1854, he became active as one of the leaders of the movement which resulted in the organization of the Republican Party. Russell served as Collector of Internal Revenue for New Haven and Middlesex Counties from December 1868 to 1873.
He was a strong abolitionist and a friend of John Brown. Russell was named as a trustee in the will of John Brown. He was also the Connecticut representative on the National Kansas Committee.
In 1856, with several other Bonesmen, he incorporated Skull and Bones as the Russell Trust, later the Russell Trust Association. The Russell Trust Association is a tax-exempt association; it holds possession of the Skull and Bones Hall at Yale University and the society's holiday island, Deer Island.
On 19 August 1836, Russell was married to Mary Elizabeth Hubbard (1816–1890). Mary was a daughter of Lucy Hubbard and Dr. Thomas Hubbard, a professor of Surgery at the Yale Medical School. Together, they were the parents of ten children, six of whom survived him, including:
- Frances Harriet Russell (1839–1889)
- Talcott Huntington Russell (1847–1917), a lawyer who married Geraldine Whittemore Low.
- Thomas Hubbard Russell (1851–1916), a doctor who married Mary Katie Munson.
- Philip Gray Russell (1854–1900), who married Lilean Kendall, a daughter of John Edward Kendall.
- Edward Hubbard Russell (1855–1928)
- Robert Gray Russell (1860–1881)
In May 1885, Russell saw some boys throwing stones at birds in the park in New Haven, Connecticut. Russell sought to protect the birds from the boys. The activity was too much for him and he fell unconscious from a fatal rupture of a blood vessel and died several days later.
- Robbins, Alexandra (2002). Secrets of the Tomb: Skull and Bones, the Ivy League, and the Hidden Paths of Power. Boston: Little, Brown. ISBN 0-316-72091-7.
- The Huntington Family in America: A Genealogical Memoir of the Known Descendants of Simon Huntington from 1633 to 1915, Including Those who Have Retained the Family Name, and Many Bearing Other Surnames. Hartford, Connecticut: Huntington Family Association. 1915. p. 622. Retrieved 17 October 2019.
- William Richard Cutter (1913). New England Families, Genealogical and Memorial, Vol. 3. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company. p. 1429. Retrieved 14 August 2010.
- Barnard, Henry. Military Schools and Courses of Instruction in the Science and Art of War, in France, Prussia, Austria, Russia, Sweden, Switzerland, Sardinia, England, and the United States. (New York: E. Steiger, 1872).
- "The Internal Revenue Record and Customs Journal". 1869: 26. Retrieved 17 October 2019. Cite journal requires
- Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale University ... Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Alumni. Yale University. 1880. p. 241. Retrieved 17 October 2019.
- Sutton, Anthony C. (2002). America's Secret Establishment: An Introduction to the Order of Skull & Bones. Trine Day. Retrieved 17 October 2019.
- Whitlock, Reverdy. "William Huntington Russell and the Collegiate and Commercial Institute," Journal of the New Haven Colony Historical Society 18, no. 4 (December 1969): 83–89.
- Osborn, Norris Galpin (1904). Men of mark in Connecticut: ideals of American life told in biographies and autobiographies of eminent living Americans, Volume 2. W.R. Goodspeed. pp. 410–423.