William M'Intosh

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William Carmichael M'Intosh FRSE FRS FLS (also spelt McIntosh; 10 October 1838, St Andrews – 1 April 1931, St Andrews) was a Scottish physician and marine zoologist. He served as president of the Ray Society, as vice-president of the Royal Society of Edinburgh (1927–30), and was awarded the Neill Prize (1865-8).[1]

His medical qualification (LRCSE) was granted in 1860 by the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, following study at Edinburgh University.

McIntosh worked initially as an asylum doctor and was Director of the Perthshire District Asylum at Murthly for eighteen years. He later became a renowned botanist and marine biologist, travelling on HMS Challenger during the Challenger expedition of 1872 to 1876. He was Professor of Natural History at St Andrews University from 1882 to 1917, succeeded by D'Arcy Wentworth Thompson. He was also Director of the University Museum and was the first director of the University's Gatty Marine Laboratory (founded 1896). McIntosh was also a Fellow of the Linnean Society of London, a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, and a Corresponding Member of the Zoological Society. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1877,[2] and was awarded the Royal Society's Royal Medal in 1899: "For his important monographs on British marine zoology and on the fishing industries." He was awarded the Linnean Medal in 1924.

Illustration from one of M'Intosh's works

He published two major works in his life, A Monograph of the British Annelids[3] (1838-1931) in four parts and nine volumes and The Marine Invertebrates and Fishes of St. Andrews [4](1875)


  1. ^ Waterston, Charles D; Macmillan Shearer, A (July 2006). Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 1783-2002: Biographical Index (PDF). II. Edinburgh: The Royal Society of Edinburgh. ISBN 978-0-902198-84-5. Retrieved 30 December 2011. 
  2. ^ "Obituary Notices". Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 110 (768): i–c. 1932. doi:10.1098/rspb.1932.0031. 
  3. ^ McIntosh, William Carmichael (1873-01-01). A monograph of the British marine annelids. London, The Ray society. 
  4. ^ "The marine invertebrates and fishes of St. Andrews. By W.C. McIntosh - Biodiversity Heritage Library". www.biodiversitylibrary.org. Retrieved 2016-02-10. 

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