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|27th Premier of British Columbia|
December 22, 1975 – August 6, 1986
|Prime Minister||Pierre Elliott Trudeau
Pierre Elliott Trudeau
|Lieutenant Governor||Walter S. Owen
Henry P. Bell-Irving
Robert G. Rogers
|Preceded by||Dave Barrett|
|Succeeded by||Bill Vander Zalm|
|Member of the British Columbia Legislative Assembly
for Okanagan South
South Okanagan (1973-1979)
September 7, 1973 – October 22, 1986
|Preceded by||W. A. C. Bennett|
|Succeeded by||Clifford Jack Serwa
|Born||William Richards Bennett
April 14, 1932
Kelowna, British Columbia
|Died||December 3, 2015 (aged 83)
Kelowna, British Columbia
|Political party||Social Credit Party|
William Richards "Bill" Bennett, PC, OBC (April 14, 1932 – December 3, 2015) was the 27th Premier of the Canadian province of British Columbia 1975–1986. He was a son of Annie Elizabeth May (Richards) and former Premier, W. A. C. Bennett. He was a 3rd cousin, twice removed, of R.B. Bennett, eleventh Prime Minister of Canada.
His father was also named William, but was usually called "W.A.C." in the media or "Ceece" by his friends. To distinguish the son from his father, he was usually called "Bill". Some in the media referred to the younger Bennett as "Mini-Wac", which was derived from another of his father's nicknames, "Wacky". The nickname was created by his opponents, but also embraced by some supporters.
Leader of Social Credit Party
He was elected the leader of the Socred Party in November 1973, at a convention in Whistler, British Columbia. This convention also changed the name of the party to the British Columbia Social Credit Party. Bennett set about establishing a political organization modelled closely on, and using staff loaned by, Bill Davis's Ontario "Big Blue Machine". Bennett's organization was called the "Baby Blue Machine". He embraced a new coalition of Liberals, social conservatives, and the corporate sector, rather that appealing to the populist base as his father had done.
Premier of British Columbia
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He became premier of the province in the 1975 election when his party defeated the New Democratic Party of Premier David Barrett. In the election of December 11, 1979, the Social Credit Party was re-elected with a reduced majority, followed by another one in the 1983 election. He served until August 6, 1986.
His cabinet included politicians new to the provincial scene who would soon become some of BC's most prominent political players. These included Grace McCarthy, Bill Vander Zalm, Garde Gardom, Rafe Mair and Jim Nielsen.
Inspired by conservative economist Milton Friedman, his government passed a series of laws, known as the "Restraint" program, which slashed social services and gutted labour laws in response to economic woes in 1983, provoking a general strike which further crippled the economy. To justify massive education cuts, Bennett blamed many of the province's difficulties on public school teachers, an argument that deeply split the electorate. In several television interviews, he labeled those who disagreed with his policies as "bad British Columbians".
On the other hand, his ostensibly anti-socialist government spent hundreds of millions of dollars to bring Expo 86 to Vancouver and related projects including BC Place, the city's SkyTrain rapid transit system, and the Vancouver Trade and Convention Centre. His government also built the Coquihalla Highway at a cost of hundreds of millions of dollars with non-union Kerkhoff Construction Company as the main contractor. It distributed free shares to British Columbians for the British Columbia Resources Investment Corporation (BCRIC). His government also spent over $1 billion on the Northeast coal project to create jobs. Critics noted that by creating only 1,000 jobs, each job cost taxpayers $1 million.
In 1986, Bill Bennett was convicted under B.C. securities laws of insider trading involving the sale of shares in Doman Securities, a Duncan, B.C. company, two years after he stepped down as premier. This was known as the Doman Scandal. A British Columbia Securities Commission panel imposed trading sanctions against Russell James Bennett and Harbanse Singh Doman and ordered them along with Bill Bennett to pay the commission $1 million to cover the costs of an insider trading case that spanned 11 years.
British Columbia Resources Investment Corporation (BCRIC or "Brick") (Social Credit Party), a holding company formed under the government of William R. Bennett, was a public boondoggle involving publicly distributed and soon-worthless shares of a former Crown Corporation. Shares briefly rallied, then dropped and settled at less than one dollar.
Though still reviled by the left, Bennett remains generally highly respected among conservatives in BC, who view his rule as a "golden era" before the corruption of the governments of Bill Vander Zalm and the New Democratic Party that succeeded him. In his later years Bennett advised past BC Premier Gordon Campbell, who openly stated his desire to emulate the policies associated with Bennett's government.
Illness and death
- *W.A.C.: Bennett and the rise of British Columbia, David J. Mitchell (ISBN 0-88894-395-4)
- "Bill Bennett, former B.C. premier, dead at 83". CBC News. December 4, 2015. Retrieved December 4, 2015.
- "William Richards Bennett". Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 28 June 2014.
- CBC Digital Archives Archived February 28, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
- Commission Panel Issue Consent Orders In Bennett-Doman Insider Trading Case. BCSC. Retrieved 21Aug, 2010
- "Tolls taken off Coquihalla". Vancouver Sun. September 26, 2008. Retrieved December 7, 2015.
- William R. Bennett Bridge Project website - Bridge Name Archived February 11, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Former B.C. premier Bill Bennett's Alzheimer's sparks pledge, tributes". The Globe and Mail. September 30, 2014. Retrieved December 7, 2015.