William Sharp (engraver)
Life and work
Sharp was the son of a reputable gunsmith who lived at Haydon's Yard, Minories in central London. He was apprenticed to the bright-cut engraver and genealogist, Barak Longmate (1738–93), and after marriage, to a Frenchwoman, set himself up as a writing engraver in Bartholomew Lane (off Threadneedle Street).
His first notable work was an engraving of "Hector", an old lion at the Tower of London. Around 1782, he sold the shop and moved to Vauxhall, intending to specialise in the higher branches (i.e. engraving for printing) of the engraver's art. Among his earlier plates are some illustrations, after Stothard, for the Novelists' Magazine. He also completed the plate of Benjamin West's "Landing of Charles II" which William Woollett had left unfinished at the time of his death, engraved some of the illustrations by artists who travelled with Captain Cook on his famous voyages, and J. H. Benwell's "Children in the Wood". He finally settled at Chiswick where he remained for the rest of his life.
He engraved the "Doctors Disputing on the Immaculateness of the Virgin" and "Ecce Homo" (after Guido Reni); "King Lear in the Storm" and "The Witch of Endor (after Benjaimin West); "The sortie from Gibralter" (after John Trumbull); the portrait of John Hunter and "The Holy Family (after Joshua Reynolds); "St Cecilia" (after Domenichino) and "Virgin and Child" (after Dolci).
Sharp's portrait was painted by George Francis Joseph (1764–1846) and engraved by Sharp himself, and a 3/4-length portrait was painted by James Lonsdale (illustrated). James Thomson (1788–1850) engraved another portrait.
Politics and religion
Sharpe was a republican and a friend of Thomas Paine and Horne Tooke, and became a member of the Society for Constitutional Information. As a result of a legal dispute involving Horne Tooke, Sharp was questioned by the Privy Council on charges relating to treason, but was eventually dismissed without punishment as merely an "enthusiast".
He became a convert to the teachings of Mesmer and Swedenborg and came under the religious influence of would-be visionary Jacob Bryan (who worked for Sharp as a printer for a time), and millennialist prophet Richard Brothers, engraving the latter as "Prince of the Hebrews". After Brothers' incarceration in an insane asylum in Islington, Sharp became an adherent of prophetess Joanna Southcott, whom he brought from Exeter to London and kept at his own expense for a considerable time; he made a portrait drawing of her which he engraved. Despite her apparently premature death he never lost faith in her divine mission or the possibility that she would reappear, and wrote a book in her defense: "An answer to the world etc." (London, 1806).
- "Sharp, William (1749-1824)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
- Bright engraving (or Bright-cut engraving) is non-print engraving, such as on silver spoons, teapots, musical instruments etc. (See Art Union Journal, Oct 1839; and Cunningham, Lives etc, 1838, p277).
- The voyages of Captain Cook (Davidson Galleries - 21 Feb 2011).
- The children in the wood (engraving by Sharp after Benwell - Grosvenor Prints).
- Portrait of Joanna Southcott.
- Sharp, William. An answer to the world etc. (London, 1806)
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Sharp, William (line-engraver)". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
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- Cunningham, George Godfrey. Lives of eminent and illustrious Englishmen, volume 8 (Glasgow, A. Fullarton & Co., 1838) p. 277.
- Baker, William Spohn. William Sharp, engraver (Philadelphia, Gebbie & Barrie, 1875).