Willis Avenue Bridge
|Willis Avenue Bridge|
The bridge during the 2010 Five Boro Bike Tour
|Carries||Four lanes of Willis Avenue|
Manhattan and the Bronx,|
New York City
|Owner||City of New York|
|Preceded by||Third Avenue Bridge|
|Followed by||Robert F. Kennedy Bridge|
|Total length||3,212 feet (979.02 m)|
|Longest span||304 feet (92.66 m)|
|Construction cost||$278.4 million|
|Opened||August 22, 1901|
|Rebuilt||October 2, 2010|
|Daily traffic||62,293 (2016)|
The Willis Avenue Bridge is a swing bridge that carries road traffic northbound (and bicycles and pedestrians both ways) over the Harlem River between the New York City boroughs of Manhattan and the Bronx, United States. It connects First Avenue in Manhattan with Willis Avenue in the Bronx. The New York City Department of Transportation is responsible for maintaining and operating the bridge.
The bridge is part of the course for the annual New York City Marathon. The runners, after crossing over from Manhattan to The Bronx via the bridge - which they have dubbed "the wall" because it marks the 20-mile point on the run -  then follow a short course through the borough and return to Manhattan for the race's final leg via the Madison Avenue Bridge.
The bridge opened in 1901, at an original construction cost of $1,640,523.11 and a land cost of $803,988.37. Major reinforcing work was done in 1916. However, in 1941, the bridge failed monthly inspection and therefore was converted to one-way operation northbound on August 5, 1941 on the same day the Third Avenue Bridge was similarly converted to one-way southbound.
Due to its poor condition, the bridge was replaced starting in 2007 and converted to pedestrian-only traffic for three years, and then was dismantled once a sidewalk was put in on the new bridge.
In November 2005, New York City sought to replace the bridge. In an effort to preserve the structure, the city offered it for sale for $1, with free delivery within 15 miles. Due to the difficult logistics of moving the structure, there were no bids as of March 2007. On April 12, 2011, granite from the structure was given to a nearby park while the metal part was moved via tug to Jersey City. The steel was melted down and the concrete parts were made into fill.
The Department of Transportation opted to construct a new structure to the south of the existing bridge at a projected cost of $417 million. On March 8, 2007, when bidding for construction was opened, of the two bids offered, the lowest came in at $612 million. Iris Weinshall, the department commissioner, said that the city had to go forward with the project because maintenance of the existing bridge was too expensive and the design of the ramps contributed to frequent accidents. This was the most costly bridge construction project by the New York City Department of Transportation. Weinshall expected the project to last five years with construction beginning around the end of 2007.
The replacement bridge was constructed at Port of Coeymans, 10 miles south of Albany. On July 13, 2010, the bridge was shipped down the Hudson on two barges that were welded together. The new bridge is 350 feet long, 65 feet high and 77 feet wide; it required three tugboats to propel it. The sight of the floating bridge caused a stir among onlookers all along the Hudson. After a stay at Port Jersey in Jersey City it was towed up the East River to its destination in the morning on July 26. Motor traffic was shifted to the new bridge on October 2, 2010, though the walkway of the old bridge continued to serve pedestrians and cyclists  for a few weeks.
In popular culture
"Beneath the Willis Bridge" is the name of the 2015 album released by 80 REEF
- Michael R. Bloomberg, City of New York (January 23, 2004). "New York City's Harlem River Bridges: The Reauthorization of the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century" (PDF). Retrieved December 2, 2017.
- "New York City Bridge Traffic Volumes" (PDF). New York City Department of Transportation. 2016. p. 9. Retrieved March 16, 2018.
- https://online.wsj.com/article/AP25e44815cecc4e1dbf9d8dd32b30c162.html Archived April 14, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
- Wilkinson, Alec (January 16, 2006). "Wanna Buy A Bridge?". The New Yorker. Retrieved June 21, 2006.
- Neuman, William (March 31, 2007). "A Bridge No Longer So Humble, at $600 Million". The New York Times. Retrieved March 31, 2007.
- Roberts, Sam (April 25, 2011). "Willis Ave. Bridge Goes the Way of All Metal". The New York Times. Retrieved August 25, 2011.
- Kilgannon, Corey (July 31, 2010). "Heads Turn as a Bridge Floats By". The New York Times. Retrieved July 14, 2010.
- Hack, Charles (July 15, 2010). "New Willis Avenue Bridge arrives at Jersey City marine facility for finishing touches". The Jersey Journal. Retrieved October 1, 2010.
- NY1 News New bridge opens to traffic
- Hurt, Edd (July 1, 2009). ""Strange Light" review". American Songwriter. Retrieved August 28, 2009.
- "Average Weekday NYC Transit Bus Ridership". MTA New York City Transit. 2012. Retrieved July 4, 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Willis Avenue Bridge.|
- NYCRoads.com: Willis Avenue Bridge Historic Overview
- New York City Department of Transportation - Willis Avenue Bridge