MTA Bridges and Tunnels
|Public benefit corporation|
|Founded||New York State (1933)|
|Headquarters||2 Broadway, New York, NY, 10004|
|New York City|
|Cedrick T. Fulton, President|
|Revenue||US$ 437,200,000 (2010)|
|US$ 586.5 million (2013)|
Number of employees
|Parent||Metropolitan Transportation Authority|
The Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority, doing business as MTA Bridges and Tunnels, is an affiliate agency of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority that operates seven intrastate toll bridges and two tunnels in New York City. In terms of traffic volume, it is the largest bridge and tunnel toll agency in the United States, serving more than a million people each day and generating more than $1.5 billion in toll revenue annually as of 2012.
The seven bridges are:
- Triborough Bridge (officially Robert F. Kennedy Bridge), the agency's original namesake and flagship crossing, connecting Manhattan, the Bronx, and Queens, via Randalls and Wards Islands
- Bronx–Whitestone Bridge, connecting the Bronx and Queens
- Verrazano-Narrows Bridge, connecting Brooklyn and Staten Island
- Throgs Neck Bridge, connecting the Bronx and Queens
- Henry Hudson Bridge, connecting Manhattan and the Bronx
- Marine Parkway–Gil Hodges Memorial Bridge, connecting Brooklyn and the Rockaways (Queens)
- Cross Bay Veterans Memorial Bridge, connecting Broad Channel to the Rockaways (Queens)
The two tunnels are:
- Brooklyn–Battery Tunnel (officially Hugh L. Carey Tunnel), connecting Brooklyn and Manhattan
- Queens–Midtown Tunnel, connecting Queens and Manhattan
Originally named the Triborough Bridge Authority, the authority was created in 1933 as a public-benefit corporation by the New York State Legislature. It was tasked with completing construction of the Triborough Bridge, which had been started by New York City in 1929 but had stalled due to the Great Depression.
Under the chairmanship of Robert Moses, the agency grew in a series of mergers with four other agencies:
- Henry Hudson Parkway Authority, in 1940
- Marine Parkway Authority, in 1940
- New York City Parkway Authority, in 1940
- New York City Tunnel Authority, in 1946
With the last merger in 1946, the authority was renamed the Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority. Generating millions of dollars in toll revenue annually, the TBTA easily became a powerful city agency as it was capable of funding large capital projects. From the 1940s-60s, the TBTA built the Battery Parking Garage, Jacob Riis Beach Parking Field, Coliseum Office Building and Exposition Center and East Side Airlines Terminal, as well as many parks in the city.
The TBTA was merged into the Metropolitan Transportation Authority in 1968. Surplus revenue, formerly used for new automobile projects, would now be used to support public transportation.  Since then, more than $10 billion has been contributed by the TBTA to subsidize mass transit fares and capital improvements for the New York City Transit, Long Island Rail Road, and Metro-North Railroad. The MTA Bridges and Tunnels trading name was adopted in 1994. The name Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority is still the legal name of the Authority and was used publicly between 1946 and 1994.
The Authority has some 525 Bridge and Tunnel Officers – New York State peace officers with limited authority to make arrests and carry firearms – patrol the Authority's facilities. In addition about 150 New York State Police and New York National Guard are assigned to policing and counter-terrorism activities.
Open-road cashless tolling will be in place at all MTA Bridges and Tunnels facilities by the end of 2017. Both TBTA tunnels, as well as the Henry Hudson, Triborough, Verrazano, Cross Bay, and Marine Parkway Bridges now feature open-road tolling. All tollbooths are being dismantled under the program, and drivers will no longer be able to pay cash at the crossings. Instead, there will be cameras mounted onto new overhead gantries near where the booths are currently located. Drivers without E-ZPass will have a picture of their license plate taken, and the toll will be mailed to them. For E-ZPass users, sensors will detect their transponders wirelessly.
- MTA BudgetWatch May 2010 (PDF), Metropolitan Transportation Authority, retrieved May 30, 2010
- http://web.mta.info/mta/investor/pdf/2013/StantecEngineerReport042613.pdf APPENDIX E History & Projections Of Traffic, Toll Revenues & Expenses April 26, 2013
- Armode Schwabe, NY Times, 1954 July 12 Seven-Month-Old Air Terminal Doing a Good Job for Just About Everyone
- Roberts, Sam (July 11, 2006), "Reappraising a Landmark Bridge, and the Visionary Behind It", The New York Times, retrieved October 9, 2007
- McKinley, James C, Jr. (August 28, 1994), "What's in a Symbol? A Lot, the M.T.A. Is Betting", New York Times, retrieved February 23, 2008
- Siff, Andrew (October 5, 2016). "Automatic Tolls to Replace Gates at 9 NYC Spans: Cuomo". NBC New York. Retrieved December 25, 2016.
- WABC (December 21, 2016). "MTA rolls out cashless toll schedule for bridges, tunnels". ABC7 New York. Retrieved December 25, 2016.